All New Membership Site Launching 22 February

All New Membership Site Launching 22 February



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JOIN US! Our NEW membership site is coming soon! Ancient Origins is excited to be offering many new benefits to subscribed members, beginning 22 February.

Don’t worry, Our Site will continue as always, offering four fascinating new articles each and every day.

AS A MEMBER, YOU GET:

Exclusive, Quality Content: In-depth, open-minded research from well-known authors and experts. Member only articles are:

  • Exclusively available for Ancient Origins members and not available anywhere else on the internet
  • Extra length: most articles are double, sometimes triple the length of articles available on the main site of Ancient Origins, and contain more images
  • Written mostly by guest authors and experts invited to submit articles exclusively for Ancient Origins members

No Distracting Ads: No third-party advertising on the Members Only site and reduced advertising on the Ancient Origins main site.

Free eBooks: New fascinating titles that you can download for free, containing over 70 pages of articles and images. These are the first three books that will be available exclusively to members:

  • Amazing Medicines, Horrible Illnesses and the Surprising Cures of Ancient History
  • Ancient Caves and Their Dark Histories
  • Amazing Technologies, Weapons and Gadgets of the Ancient World

Valuable Member Discounts: Exclusive discounts on travel packages, artifacts, gifts, books, and more. Here are just some of the great companies offering discounts to Ancient Origins members:

  • Historic Jewellery Reproduction (20% discount)
  • Irish Archaeology (15% discount)
  • Djembe Direct (10% discount)
  • Ancient Times Jewelry (20% discount)
  • Justbod (15% discount)

PLUS, more discounts added every month!

Live Chat: Join the chat room with live text and video, share ideas and be among friends

Live Webinars: Watch a free webinar every month by one of our guest author experts

Talk to an Expert: Join our guest author experts in the chat room to ask questions and discuss topics of interest.

Expedition Updates: Exclusive access to our travel discoveries - notes, photos, video and live updates

Your involvement in the Members’ Site goes to supporting independent work, and ensures continued production of exciting, fascinating, and intelligent content on our shared ancient origins. Hope to see you there!

A SNEAK PEAK!

The Ancient Origins Members Only page has a brand new design , making it easy to navigate around the content, free from ads and other distractions. Here is a sneak peek!

YOU CHOOSE THE PACKAGE

We are offering 3 packages to choose from , so you have the flexibility to decide how much or how little you’d like to delve in.

  • Read Later

Previously hidden files on the brutality of the British government’s conduct during the Kenya Emergency reveal an unpalatable truth.

We All Scream for Ice Cream

Sweets made of ice or snow have been with us for millennia, evolving slowly into the modern chilly treat.

Placing the Platypus

Defying categorisation since its discovery, was the platypus a mammal, a reptile, or something else?

Vikings Attack Lindisfarne

The monks at the church of St Cuthbert were taken by surprise on 8 June 793.


Space Shuttle Program

In 1976, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) unveiled the world’s first reusable manned spacecraft, known as the space shuttle.

Five years later, flights began when the space shuttle Columbia embarked on a 54-hour mission. Launched by two solid-rocket boosters and its main engines, the aircraft-like shuttle entered into orbit around Earth.

When the mission was completed, the shuttle fired engines to reduce speed and, after descending through the atmosphere, landed like a glider. Early shuttles took satellite equipment into space and carried out various scientific experiments.

Did you know? After "Teacher in Space" Christa McAuliffe was killed during the 1986 Challenger disaster, her backup, a former math teacher named Barbara Morgan, served as a mission specialist during a 2007 flight of the shuttle Endeavor.

Challenger, NASA’s second space shuttle to enter service, embarked on its maiden voyage on April 4, 1983, and made a total of nine voyages prior to 1986.

That year, it was scheduled to launch on January 22 carrying a seven-member crew that included Christa McAuliffe, a 37-year-old high school social studies instructor from New Hampshire who had earned a spot on the mission through NASA’s Teacher in Space Program. After undergoing months of training, she was set to become the first ordinary American citizen to travel into space.


Origins of Black History Month

The story of Black History Month begins in 1915, half a century after the Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery in the United States.

That September, the Harvard-trained historian Carter G. Woodson and the prominent minister Jesse E. Moorland founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (ASNLH), an organization dedicated to researching and promoting achievements by Black Americans and other peoples of African descent.

Known today as the Association for the Study of African American Life and History (ASALH), the group sponsored a national Negro History week in 1926, choosing the second week of February to coincide with the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass. The event inspired schools and communities nationwide to organize local celebrations, establish history clubs and host performances and lectures.

Did you know? The NAACP was founded on February 12, 1909, the centennial anniversary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln.

In the decades that followed, mayors of cities across the country began issuing yearly proclamations recognizing Negro History Week. By the late 1960s, thanks in part to the civil rights movement and a growing awareness of Black identity, Negro History Week had evolved into Black History Month on many college campuses.

President Gerald Ford officially recognized Black History Month in 1976, calling upon the public to “seize the opportunity to honor the too-often neglected accomplishments of Black Americans in every area of endeavor throughout our history.”


All New Membership Site Launching 22 February - History

Last Site Update : 11th June 2021

Bay of Plenty Committee - New Committee Details (11th June 2021)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - June 2021 Magazine Online (8th June 2021)
Manawatu Committee - Contact email address updated (1st June 2021)

Bay of Plenty Newsletter - May 2021 Magazine Online (9th May 2021)
Waikato Committee - Details updated (15th April 2021)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - April 2021 Magazine Online (7th April 2021)
Convention 2021 Bay of Plenty - Registrations now open (29th March 2021)
NZ Racing Mustangs - Added Richard Ramson's 1996 Cobra SVT (9th March 2021)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - March 2021 Magazine Online (9th March 2021)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - February 2021 Magazine Online (5th February 2021)
Convention 2021 Bay of Plenty - Gold Sponsors Announced - please support them (15th January 2021)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - January 2021 Magazine Online (7th January 2021)
Convention 2021 Bay of Plenty - Accommodation bookings open (7th January 2021)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - December 2020 Magazine Online (8th December 2020)
Southern - New Committee Details (11th November 2020)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - November 2020 Magazine Online (4th November 2020)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - October 2020 Magazine Online (4th November 2020)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - September 2020 Magazine Online (14th September 2020)
Manawatu Committee - Details Updated (4th August 2020)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - August 2020 Magazine Online (4th August 2020)
Taranaki Magazine # 126 (4th August 2018)
Taranaki Magazine # 125 (4th August 2018)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - July 2020 Magazine Online (11th July 2020)
Taranaki - Committee Details Updated (11th July 2020)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - June 2020 Magazine Online (30th May 2020)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - May 2020 Magazine Online (22nd May 2020)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - April 2020 Magazine Online (6th April 2020)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - March 2020 Magazine Online (6th April 2020)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - February 2020 Magazine Online (20th January 2020)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - January 2020 Magazine Online (10th January 2020)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - November 2019 Magazine Online (12th December 2019)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - October 2019 Magazine Online (15th October 2019)7th January
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - September 2019 Magazine Online (20th September 2019)
Taranaki Committee - new Vice President (20th September 2019)
Auckland Committee - details of new committee (23rd August 2019)
Convention 2019 - Registrations now closed (16 August 2019)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - August 2019 Magazine Online (29th July 2019)
Manawatu Committee - Details updated (21st July 2019)

Bay of Plenty Newsletter - May, June & July Magazines Online (6th July 2019)
Convention 2019 - Details Online Now (20 June 2019)
Waikato Magazine - Jan-Feb-March(ish) 2019 (26th April 2019)
Waikato Magazine - Aug-Sep-Oct-Nov 2018 (26th April 2019)
Bay of Plenty - New Committee (23rd April 2019)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - April Magazine Online (23rd April 2019)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - March Magazine Online (25th March 2019)
Manawatu Committee - Details Updated (25 March 2019)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - February Magazine Online (28th February 2019)
Canterbury Magazine December available now (18th January 2019)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - January Magazine Online (18th January 2019)
Taranaki Magazine # 124 (14th December 2018)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - December Magazine Online (14th December 2018)
Canterbury Magazine September available now (12th November 2018)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - November Magazine Online (2nd November 2018)
Convention 2018 - Results Online Now (2 November 2018)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - October Magazine Online (15th October 2018)
Waikato Magazine - May-June-July (24th September 2018)
Waikato - New Committee Details (15 September 2018)

Taranaki Magazine # 123 (6th September 2018)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - September Magazine Online (6th September 2018)
Convention 2018 - Registrations Closed
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - July & August Magazines Online (6th August 2018)
Convention 2018 - July Update
Canterbury Magazine March & June 2018 (14th July 2018)
Taranaki - Committee Details Updated (29th June 2018)
Convention 2018 - Registration Forms Now Available
Waikato Henry Ford Day - 16th September
Waikato Henry Ford Day - Larger Poster Size Flyer

Canterbury - Southern Muster (20th June)
Canterbury - Coming Events Update (20th June)
Convention 2018 - May Update (7th June )
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - June Magazine Online (6th June 2018)
Auckland Magazine - Magazine available (6th June)
Bay of Plenty - New Committee (14th May 2018)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - May Magazine Online (14th May 2018)
Southern - Committee changes (29th April 2018)
Waikato Magazine - March - April - May(ish) 2018
Taranaki Magazine # 122 (a great read) (24th April 2018)
Canterbury - Coming Events Update
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - April Magazines Online (4th April 2018)
Canterbury - New Registration Form
Waikato Magazine - January - February - March
Southern - Burt Munro Weekend
Canterbury - Coming Events Update
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - January February & March Magazines Online
Convention 2018 - Booking Details Now Available (24th December )
Taranaki Magazine Issue 121 - now available on-line (24th December)
Canterbury Magazine - September & December now available on-line (24th December)
Southern - Christmas Run & Party (24 December 2017)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - December Magazine Online (24th December 2017)
Mustang 6 Association - Details here now.. (27th November 2017)
Waikato Magazine - October - November - December (27th November)
Bay of Plenty Membership Form - new form now available (27th Nov 2017)
Convention 2017 photos - available for purchase (27th November 2017)
Taranaki - Committee Details Updated (27th November 2017)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - November Magazine Online (27th November 2017)
Canterbury - Coming Events Update (11th October 2017)
Bay Of Plenty All USA Day - Details now available
Bay of Plenty - Committee Details Updated (11th October 2017)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - October Magazine Online (11th October 2017)
Waikato Magazine - July - August - September (11 October)
Waikato Magazine - April - May - June 2017 (11 October 2017)
Waikato Henry Ford Day - New Date -now Sunday 12th November
Convention 2017 - Invercargill - REGISTRATION NOW CLOSED
Manawatu Coming Events - Updated (6th September 2017)
Manawatu - Committee Details Updated (updated 6th September)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - August Magazine Online (6th September 2017)
Auckland Committee-Details Updated (27th August 2017)
Canterbury - Coming Events Update (27th August 2017)
Southern Event Report - (13th August 2017)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - August Magazine Online (13th August 2017)
BOP Committee - Details Updated (13th August 2017)
Auckland Newsletter - May June(8th July 2017)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - July Magazine Online (8th 2017)
Canterbury Magazine - now available on-line (8th July)
Waikato Henry Ford Day - Flyer with Details available here

Bay of Plenty Newsletter - June Magazine Online (8th 2017)
Convention 2017 - Invercargill - REGISTRATION NOW OPEN
Manawatu AGM -Update - New Date & Venue for AGM - Updated (30th May 2017)
Convention 2017 - Invercargill - Details & Registration About the End of May
Southern - Events details updated (20 May 2017)
Southern - New Committee(updated 20 May 2017)
Canterbury - New Committee (updated 20 May 2017)
Auckland Newsletter - March April(13th May 2017)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - May Magazine Online (13th May 2017)
Bay of Plenty - New Committee Details (13th May 2017)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - Correct April Magazine now loaded (sorry) (20th April 2017)
Waikato - Committee & contact details updated 20th April)
Canterbury - Mustang Day - See the photos of the day (updated 20th April 2017)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - April (15th April 2017)
Canterbury Magazine - available on-line (15 April 2017)
Waikato Magazine - January - February - March (15 April)
Canterbury - Mustang Day - Poster online now (12th April 2017)
Canterbury - Coming Events Update (uploaded 24th March 2017)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - February - March (24th March 2017)
Auckland Newsletter - Jan / Feb (with Gibbs Farm, Concours etc)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter and Paeroa & Matamata Show Details - (uploaded 11th Feb 2017)
Manawatu Membership Form - Updated (31st January 2017)

Manawatu Coming Events - Updated (31st January 2017)
Canterbury Magazine - now available on-line (30th January 2017)
Auckland Newsletter - Nov/Dec (with lots of Christmas Coverage)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - December (24th December 2016)
Convention 2016 Auckland - Photos (10th December)
Canterbury - Coming Events Update (uploaded 10th December 2016)
Bay of Plenty - 2021 Convention Planner details (10th December)
Waikato Magazine - October - November - December
Auckland Newsletter - Sept/Oct (Huge Convention Coverage)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - November (6th November 2016)
Canterbury - Coming Events Update (uploaded 6th November 2016)
Southern - Te Anau Run - Story & Pictures (update 19th October)
Southern - Donation to Hospice Southland - Story & Pictures (update 19th October)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - October (19th October 2016)
Bay of Plenty USA Day - note Date & New Venue this year
Convention 2016 Auckland - Very Special Special Interest Cars at Saturday Car Show
Canterbury - Coming Events Update (uploaded 30th September 2016)
Canterbury Magazine - now available on-line (30th September 2016)
Convention 2016 Auckland - REGISTRATIONS NOW CLOSED (updated 24 September)
Southern - Mainland Mustang Challenge - Story & Pictures (24 September)
Convention 2016 Auckland - Car Show & Run details & poster (updated 20 September)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter & Screamin' Horsepower - September (2nd September 2016)
Bay of Plenty USA Day - details updated (Date is 20th November) (updated 1 September)
Auckland Newsletter - July / August (1st September)
Convention 2016 Auckland - REGISTRATIONS CLOSE SOON (updated 20 August)
Taranaki - Committee Contact Details (9th August 2016)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - August (9th August 2016)
Canterbury - Coming Events Update (updated 1 August 2016)
Auckland Upcoming Events - Details updated (20th July 2016)
Bay of Plenty USA Day - details here (updated 16 July)
Southern - Future Events list update (11 July 2016)
Southern - New Committee details (11 July 2016)
Canterbury - Ruapuna Track Day Photos and link (9 July 2016)
Trade News - Mustang Connection Scott Drake Authorised Dealer (March 2016)
Trade News - Speed Shed closes (June 2016)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - July (9th July 2016)
Taranaki - New Committee Details (4th July 2016)
Auckland Committee - Updated and contact details (2nd July 2016)
Auckland Newsletter - May / June (2nd July)
Canterbury Magazine - now available on-line (2nd July)
Manawatu - New Committee Details (updated 17 June)
Canterbury - Coming Events Update (updated 17 June)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - June (17th June 2016)
Canterbury - Coming Events Update (updated 24 May)
Convention 2016 Auckland - ACCOMODATION UPDATE (16 May 2016)
Convention 2016 Auckland - REGISTRATIONS NOW OPEN (12 May 2016)
Canterbury Committee - (updated May 2016)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - May (5th May 2016)
Canterbury - Coming Events Update inc AGM 7 May (updated 3 May)
Auckland Grand Auction - This Saturday 7th & Final Catalogue )Updated) (3 May)
Canterbury - Mustang Day - Report and photos (20th April 2016)
Auckland Newsletter - March / April (15 April)
Auckland Grand Auction - Dates, Details & Catalogue (15 April 2016)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - April (7th April 2016)
Canterbury Magazine - now available on-line (29th March 2016)
Canterbury - Mustang Day - Poster online now (10th March 2016)
Convention 2016 Auckland - Accommodation Updates (14 March 2016)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - March (10 March 2016)
Auckland Newsletter - January / February (24 February)
Taranaki Convention - SOME MORE PHOTOS (13 February)

Taranaki Convention 2015 - CAR PHOTOS Online now (13 Feb 2016)

Auckland for Hot Rod Show - Sky programme filming (13 Feb 2016)
Auckland Galaxy of Cars - photos (13 February 2016)
Canterbury - All Ford Day - Poster online now (5th February 2016)
Canterbury - Coming Events Update (5th February 2016)
Auckland Upcoming Events - Details updated (5th February 2016)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - January - February (5 February 2016)
Convention 2016 Auckland - Accommodation & Show Details (1 February 2016)
All Ford Weekend in Christchurch - February 20/21(updated 1 Feb 2016)
Canterbury - Coming Events Update (15 January 2016)
Canterbury - growing fast - now 210 Members (15 January 2016)
Waikato - Committee & Address Details Updated (7 January 2016)
Auckland Christmas Picnic - Photos (24th December 2015)

Canterbury Magazine - now available on-line (24th December 2015)
Auckland Newsletter - November/December (24 December)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - December (24 December)
Waikato at Convention - (20 December)
Waikato Car of the Year - (20 December 2015)
Waikato Upcoming Events - (updated too late - sorry)
AUCKLAND CLUB HISTORY - A great read (21 November 2015)
Auckland Poker Run - Photos (4th November 2015)

Bay of Plenty Newsletter - November (4 November)
Southern - Hospice Donation - Story & Photo (4th November)
Auckland Newsletter - September/October (28th October)
Convention Awards - Details available now (27 October)
BayOfPlenty All USA Day - Details (27 October)
Convention 2015 - More Sponsors (15th October)
Southern - Clyde Run - Story & Photos (15th October)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - October (3 October)
AMOC Annual Car Show- Photos (3 October 2015)

Convention 2015 - Sponsors Details online now (23rd September)
Canterbury Convention Last Year - better link to photos etc (21st September)

Canterbury Magazine - now available on-line (20th September)
Canterbury - Coming Events Update (20th September)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - September (1st September)
Waikato Henry Ford Day 2015 - AMOC Photos (31 August)

Bay of Plenty Newsletter - August (20th August)
Auckland Newsletter - July/August (20th August)
Auckland Past Events- West Rally (12th August)
Manawatu Coming Events - updated venue (12th August)
Southern Upcoming Events - updated (12th August)
Waikato Henry Ford Day - Event Report and Photos (1st August)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - July (4th July)
Canterbury Magazine - now available on-line (4 July)
Southern Events - Dunedin Run (26 June)

Bay of Plenty New Membership Form (26 June 2015)
Southern Upcoming Events - details online now (26th June)
Auckland Past Events- Salty Dog Run - more than 70 cars on the run (26th June)
36th Convention - Taranaki - REGISTRATIONS NOW OPEN (16th June)
Auckland Newsletter - May/June (16th June)
Auckland Upcoming Events - Details updated (16th June)
Canterbury - Coming Events Update (13th June)
Manawatu May Newsletter - now online (7th June)
Auckland Past Events- Tuakau Run - WITH GREAT PHOTOS (7th June)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - June (7th June)
Auckland - More Committee contact details (27th May)
Waikato - New Monthly Meeting Venue (11th May)

Auckland - New Committee (11th May)
Canterbury - New Committee (8th May)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - May (8th May)
Auckland Past Events- All Ford Day (8th May)
Auckland Past Events- ANZAC Weekend with BoPMOC & WMOC (8 May)
Bay of Plenty - New Committee and Club photo (8 May)
Taranaki Treasurer - email address changed (8 May)
36th Convention - Taranaki - details starting to be available (22nd April)

Auckland Cars - still more member's cars (22nd April)
Auckland Newsletter - March/April (22nd April)
AMOC at Beach Hop -Photos (6th April)
Canterbury Magazine - available now (6th April)

Bay of Plenty Newsletter - April (6th April)
Auckland Past Events- Waitangi Weekend Cruise (23rd March)
Canterbury - Coming Events Update (23rd March)
Auckland Cars - several more member's cars (23rd March)
Waikato - New Car Of The Year (23rd March)
Auckland Membership - Form Updated for 2015 (5th March)
Auckland Events - Details updated (4th March)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - March (28th February)
Auckland Newsletter - January/February (25th February)
Auckland Concours d'Elegance -Photos & Results (11 February)
Auckland Galaxy of Cars -A few more photos (4 February)
Auckland Galaxy of Cars -Photos (3 February)
Canterbury - Coming Events Update (3 February)
Auckland Events - Details updated (3rd February 2015)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - February (3rd February 2015)
BOP Members Cars - Dave & Julie Flett's 2 cars (3rd Feb 2015)
Canterbury Magazine - available now (20th December 2014)

Auckland White Lady/ Christmas Lights -Photos (19th December)
Southern Events - Christmas Run & Dinner with Photos (16th December)
MUSTANG CONVENTION - Photos at Ruapuna (16th December)
Auckland Newsletter - November/December (16th December)
Manawatu Events - Updated (16th December)
MUSTANG CONVENTION - Hundreds of Photos - Car Show and Cruise Day (6th December)
MUSTANG CONVENTION - More Photos - Saturday & Sunday

MUSTANG CONVENTION - Photos Cars at the Show (3rd December)
MUSTANG CONVENTION - Results Updated (2nd December)
Auckland Christmas Barbeque -Photos (1st December)
MUSTANG CONVENTION - Winners Photos (1st December)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - December (30th October)
MUSTANG CONVENTION - RESULTS (29th November)
Auckland Caffeine & Classics -Photos (29th November)
Auckland Events - Details updated
MUSTANG CAR SHOW - SATURDAY - Christchurch - Labour Weekend
MUSTANG CONVENTION - CHRISTCHURCH - Labour Weekend
Auckland Newsletter - September/October (23 October)
Canterbury - Coming Events Update (23 October)
Convention 2014 News Updates - Economic Impact / Largest Convention Ever
Auckland Events - Details updated (4th October)
Canterbury Convention 2014 - REGISTRATIONS CLOSED
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - October (4th October)
Auckland Annual Car Show -Photos (4th October)
Canterbury Convention 2014 - REGISTRATIONS CLOSE 30th SEPTEMBER
Waikato Henry Ford Day - Many Pictures (14th September)

Canterbury Magazine - available now (14th September 2014)

Auckland Poker Run - Event report and photos (updated 14th September)
BOP All USA Day 16 November - Poster available now
Canterbury Convention 2014 - Joining with Targa (6th September)
Auckland Events - Details updated (6th September)
Manawatu - Events Update (6th September)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - September (5th September)
2015 Mustang US$ Pricing - details here (5th September)
AMOC Detailing Guide - prepare your car for shows (5th September)
Canterbury - More Members Cars (30th August)
Waikato - Committee Update (30th August)

Canterbury - Committee Update (22nd August)
Auckland Events - Updated (22nd August)
Canterbury - Coming Events Update (22 August)
Manawatu Comming Events - Updated (22nd August)

Convention 2014 - Registrations News (22nd August)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - August (5th August)
C.A.R.S - AMOC Visit to CARS (updated 5th August)
CRC Speedshow - including some AMOC Cars (updated 5th August)
Auckland Events - Updated (5th August)
Auckland Events - Poker Run & Daffodil Day Cruise Northland (24th July)
Southern Events - Kingston Cruise with Photos (24th July)
Taranaki Committee - Updated Committee Members details (24th July)
Taranaki - Corrected Club Name (Taranaki Mustang Club) (24th July)
Southern Events - Future Events Update (24th July)
Canterbury Events - Future Events Update (6th July)
Manawatu Committee - Updates & President (6th July)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - July (6th July)
Convention 2014 - New Awards (1st July)
Canterbury Events - Future Events Update (1st July)
Waikato Magazines - 2014 (26 June)

Auckland Future Events Waikato Henry Ford Day date corrected (26 June)
Southern Committee - updated ((18 June)
Auckland Newsletter - May June Newsletter (16th June 2014)
Auckland Kaiaua Fish & Chip Run - Photos (15 June)
Canterbury Magazine - available now (15 June 2014)

Auckland Future Events Update (15 June 2014)
2nd accommodation venue - Convention 2014 (15 June)
Cook Straight Ferry - Concession Rate for Convention (15 June)

Castrol Confirms Support for Convention - Convention 2014 (3rd June)
Manawatu Events - Midwinter Cruise - (3rd June)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - June (3rd June)
Auckland Committee - New Committee Details (30th May 2014)

Auckland Past Events - Photos from Caffeine & Classics (May 2014)
Canterbury Events - Future Events Update (29th May 2014)
Manawatu AGM - MMOC AGM details online (updated 6th May 2014)
Nine Major Ford Dealers Support Convention - Convention 2014 (1st May 2014)
Bay of Plenty - new membership form (29th April 2014)
2015 Line Lock - with Video (24th April 2014)

Convention Links - New page for 2014 Convention Links (24th April 2014)
Convention 2014 Registration now open - Download Forms Now! (17th April 2014)
Bay of Plenty Committee - Added Gareth Rogerson (21 April 2014)
Convention 2014 Accommodation - Booking Details (17th April 2014)
Turners - Sponsor & Venue - Convention 2014 (16 April 2014)
Manawatu Events - Pony Run & Clive' Collection - (16 April 2014)
Bay of Plenty Committee - New VP & Secretary/Treasurer (16 April 2014)
The Sound to be Convention Marketing Partner - Convention 2014 (9th April 2014)
Auckland Past Events - All Ford Day photos (9th April 2014)
Swann Insurance Platinum Convention Sponsor - Convention 2014 (7th April 2014)
Auckland Past Events - Beach Hop photos (5th April 2014)
Auckland Membership Form - New Version Online Now (1st April 2014)
Auckland Newsletter - March April Newsletter (1st April 2014)
Auckland Past Events - Zen Garden Cruise photos (1st April 2014)
Canterbury Events - Future Events Update (25th March 2014)
Manawatu Committee - Brendon Gray has moved away (22nd March 2014)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - March 2014 (7th March 2014)

Canterbury Events - details updated (5 March 2014)
Canterbury All Ford Day - New Date (updated 5th March 2014)
Ford Primary Convention Sponsor - Convention 2014 (3rd March 2014)
Manawatu Events - AGM Date (Updated 22nb February 2014)
Auckland Contact Details Updated (22nd February 2014)
Canterbury Facebook - Facebook link details (6th February 2014)
Canterbury All Ford Day - details online now (updated 6th February 2014)
Manawatu Events Updated - changes to Picnic (updated 6th February 2014)

Bay of Plenty Newsletter - February 2014 (6th February 2014)

50th Anniversary Run - details online now (24th January 2014)
Canterbury Newsletter - January 2014 (24th January 2014)
Bay of Plenty Run - Sunday 12th January (11th January 2104)
Bay of Plenty Newsletter - January 2014 (11th January 2014)

Convention 2014 - First News - Celebrating 50 years of Mustang (1st Jan 2014)
Canterbury Upcoming Events - (updated 1 Jan 2014)
Bay Of Plenty Newsletter - September & October Newsletters online now (1 January 2014)
2015 Mustang - Official photos and more details (6 December 2013)
Bay Of Plenty Newsletter - December Newsletter online now (6 December 2013)
Auckland Facebook - link to AMOC's Facebook page (6 December 2013)
Waikato Committee - Contact Details updated (6 December 2013)
Bay Of Plenty Newsletter - November Newsletter online now (16 November 2013)
Convention 2013 - Judging Results Available Here (updated 2 November 2013)
Convention 2013 - Friday Registration Details (updated 23 Oct 2013)
1969 390 S Code Project For Sale - (listed 5th September 2013)
2013 Convention - Waikato - REGISTRATIONS CLOSE SOON
Canterbury - May newsletter (5 September 2013)
Shelby Parts - AMOC Have some Late Model Shelby Parts For Tender (31st August 2013)
Technical - restored link to Wheels and Tyres (31st August 2013)
Waikato - New Car of the Year (31st August 2013

Waikato - New Vice President (31st August 2013)
Shelby Parts For Sale - BuySell (24 August 2013)
Manawatu - September Event Details (24 August 2013)
Taranaki - New Treasurer (24 August 2013)
Waikato 2013 Newsletters - New Smaller Size, easier download (24 August 2013)
Waikato 2012 Newsletters - New Smaller Size, easier download (19th July 2013)
Bay Of Plenty Newsletter - July Newsletter (25 July 2013)
Waikato Newsletter - (19th July 2013)
2013 Convention - Waikato - REGISTRATIONS NOW OPEN!! (17th July 2013)
Southern - Mainland Mustang Challenge Ohau with CMOC (13th July 2013)
Auckland Events - Updated List with New Events (Updated 13th July 2013)
BOP Cars - Kevin & Bev's 78 Cobra magically reappears (13th July 2013)
Southern - Event Details including Stunning Photos (7th July 2013)
Southern - Upcoming Events Details (7th July 2013)
Southern - Committee details (7th July 2013)
Manawatu Events - Hood Aerodrome Visit Date (Updated 1st July 2013)
Canterbury Events - Future Events Update (1st July 2013)
Taranaki Magazine- April Magazine online now (loaded 24 June 2013)
Wanted to find - "Grand Dads" 65 Convertible 6 cylinder, 3 speed (more info 22 June 2013)
Bay Of Plenty Newsletter - May Newsletter online now (22 June 2013)
Manawatu - New Committee (updated 22 June 2013)
Auckland Events - Updated List with New Events (Updated 16 June 2013)
Wanted to find - "Grand Dads" 65 Convertible 6 cylinder
Wanted to Buy - 66 Notchback
Manawatu Events - Hood Aerodrome Visit (Updated 16 June 2013)
Auckland Committee - New Committee (16th June 2013)
Canterbury Events - Future Events Update (8th June 2013)
Bay of Plenty - Committee changes (8 June 2013)
Canterbury - May newsletter (8 June 2013)
Manawatu Events - AGM Details (Updated 8 June 2013)
Waikato Henry Ford Day details (posted 21st May 2013)

Waikato Magazines (2012 & 2013) (posted 21st May 2013)
Taranaki New President and Club Contact details (13th May 2013)
Canterbury Events - Future Events Update (13th May 2013)
Manawatu - Club page update - new membership numbers (Updated 11 May 2013)
Convention 2013 - Hamilton Booking and Venue details online now (13th April 2013)

Bay of Plenty - April Newsletter (13th April 2013)
Manawatu Events - Cruise from Foxton on 17th March (Updated 16 March 2013)
Auckland Cars - New photos of some members cars (10 March 2013)
Manawatu Events - Including Napier Weekend and Taranaki Invite (10 March 2013)
Bay of Plenty March Newsletter (3rd March 2013)

Clubs - New pictures of members cars for several clubs (3rd March 2013)

Cars for Sale - Several new listings of Mustangs For Sale (3rd March 2013)

Canterbury Events - Future Events Update (27th February 2013)
Bay of Plenty February Newsletter (18th February 2013)

Canterbury - January newsletter (29 January 2013)
Auckland Events - corrections to errors in magazine (26th January 2013)

Manawatu Merchandise - Contact change (12th January 2013)
Bay of Plenty December Newsletter (31st December 2012)
Manawatu - Events update (31 December 2012)
Convention 2012 - Waikato Coverage (16th December 2012)

Manawatu - Events update (16 December 2012)
Convention 2012 - BOP Coverage (12th December 2012)

Waikato - Events Update (12th December 2012)
Auckland - Events Update (7th December 2012)
Bay of Plenty - Men? in Skirts (1st December 2012)
Bay of Plenty - Convention Pictures (1st December 2012)
Canterbury Events update (1st December 2012)
BOP Extreme All USA Day Results - now link to this year's results (26th November 2012)
Bay of Plenty - Extreme All USA Day - (updated 24 November 2012)
Bay of Plenty October & November Newsletters (6th November 2012)
Manawatu - Events update (5 November 2012)

Convention 2012 - Results and People's Choice (4 November 2012)
Waikato - Committee changes (18th October 2012)

Canterbury - October newsletter (18 October 2012)
Waikato - new Car of The Year (18 October 2012)

Convention 2012 Wellington - FULL-REGISTRATIONS CLOSED (well done MMOC) !!
Convention 2012 Wellington - nearly full - registrations close Sunday 23rd Sept
(updated 18th Sept 2012)
Waikato Events - updated (15th September)
Auckland Events - upcoming events including Car Show (updated 15th September 2012)
Manawatu Events - meeting time for Otaki Run (updated 15th September 2012)
Bay of Plenty September Newsletter (15th September 2012)
Bay of Plenty photos from Drift Kartz (15th September 2012)

Waikato Members Cars new photos, details and cars (29th August 2012)
Canterbury Future Events Updated (29th August 2012)
Bay of Plenty - August Newsletter (17th August 2012)
Shipping Agents - Paul Stichbury at CFR Line (11th August 2012)
Waikato Events - Updated (11th August 2012)
Manawatu Events - Updated (11th August 2012)
Canterbury Future Events All USA Day November (updated 27 July 2012)
Canterbury Magazine July 2012 (25th July 2012)
Auckland Events - Updated (22nd July 2012)
Manawatu Contacts - updated (22nd July 2012)
Bay of Plenty - July Newsletter (15th July 2012)
Canterbury Future Events - Easter 2013!! (updated 13th July 2012)
Convention 2012 - Wellington - Registrations Still Open - detail online
Canterbury Events - Club Dinner now 25th August (updated here 2nd July 2012)
Auckland Events - Club Night Off Site (updated 28th June 2012)
Found - Police Recover Stolen Mustang (Thursday 27th June)
Buy/Sell Wanted FMX dipstick (23 June 2012)
Canterbury Events - Club Night at Twiggers (updated 23 June 2012)
Bay of Plenty - June Newsletter (20 June 2012)
Stolen Mustang - update (19 June 2012)
Stolen Mustang - please help (15 June 2012)
Canterbury Events - Club Night Shed Visit (updated 14 June 2012)
Waikato Events - Updated (12 June 2012)
Canterbury Christmas Run and Dinner - New date (updated 7 June 2012)
Auckland Committee - Updated (7 June 2012)
Taranaki Members Car - Graeme Snell (4th June 2012)
Convention 2012 - Wellington - Registrations Open - download form (30 May 2012)
BOP, Waikato & Auckland Run to Waihi - 172 photos (29th May 2012)
Canterbury Members Cars - Saleen (28th May 2012)
Waikato Events - Kaiawa Fish & Chips (updated 28th May 2012)
Wal's 428 Cobra Jet Sold - You snooze, you lose! (26th May 2012)
Wanted to Buy - Cragar Centre Cap (25th May 2012)

Auckland Events - Updated (25th May 2012)
Bay of Plenty - Members Cars added (25th May 2012)
Car for Sale - 67 V8 Coupe (25th May 2012)
Wal's Mustang - For Sale (21st May 2012)
Canterbury Events - Update (21st May 2012)
Canterbury Committee - update (21st May 2012)
Bay of Plenty Magazine - May 2012 (17th May 2012)
Auckland Members Cars - Add Ashley & Gayle (14th May 2012)
Auckland Committee - Updates (12th May 2012)
Carroll Shelby Passes - Home Page and Profile (10th May 2012)
Manawatu Events - Update (9th May 2012)
Auckland Members Cars - Add Steve & Pauline (8th May 2012)
Canterbury Committee - Updates (7th May 2012)
Waikato Committee - Updates (4th May 2012)
Convention 2012 - Booking details online - BOOK NOW! (4th May 2012)
Bay of Plenty Committee - update (26th April 2012)
Waikato Events - update (20th April 2012)
Auckland Events Updated & Auckland All Ford Day Cancelled (19th April 2012)
Manawatu Events - update (19th April 2012)
Mustang Model History - now includes late model (17th April 2012)
Canterbury All Ford Day 2012 - 237 Photos (15th April 2012)
Canterbury Events Update (12th April 2012)
Canterbury Magazine April 2012 (12th April 2012)


Our ongoing commitment

That commitment endures today through an organization that remains truly international. Only 16 years after being founded, Rotary had clubs on six continents. Our members now span the globe, working to solve some of our world’s most challenging problems.

We’re not afraid to dream big and set bold goals. We began our fight against polio in 1979 with a project to immunize 6 million children in the Philippines. Today, polio remains endemic in only three countries — down from 125 in 1988.


Contents

The earliest recorded organization of securities trading in New York among brokers directly dealing with each other can be traced to the Buttonwood Agreement. Previously, securities exchange had been intermediated by the auctioneers, who also conducted more mundane auctions of commodities such as wheat and tobacco. [9] On May 17, 1792, twenty four brokers signed the Buttonwood Agreement, which set a floor commission rate charged to clients and bound the signers to give preference to the other signers in securities sales. The earliest securities traded were mostly governmental securities such as War Bonds from the Revolutionary War and First Bank of the United States stock, [9] although Bank of New York stock was a non-governmental security traded in the early days. [10] The Bank of North America, along with the First Bank of the United States and the Bank of New York, were the first shares traded on the New York Stock Exchange. [11]

In 1817, the stockbrokers of New York, operating under the Buttonwood Agreement, instituted new reforms and reorganized. After sending a delegation to Philadelphia to observe the organization of their board of brokers, restrictions on manipulative trading were adopted, as well as formal organs of governance. [9] After re-forming as the New York Stock and Exchange Board, the broker organization began renting out space exclusively for securities trading, which previously had been taking place at the Tontine Coffee House. Several locations were used between 1817 and 1865, when the present location was adopted. [9]

The invention of the electrical telegraph consolidated markets and New York's market rose to dominance over Philadelphia after weathering some market panics better than other alternatives. [9] The Open Board of Stock Brokers was established in 1864 as a competitor to the NYSE. With 354 members, the Open Board of Stock Brokers rivaled the NYSE in membership (which had 533) "because it used a more modern, continuous trading system superior to the NYSE’s twice-daily call sessions". The Open Board of Stock Brokers merged with the NYSE in 1869. Robert Wright of Bloomberg writes that the merger increased the NYSE's members as well as trading volume, as "several dozen regional exchanges were also competing with the NYSE for customers. Buyers, sellers and dealers all wanted to complete transactions as quickly and cheaply as technologically possible and that meant finding the markets with the most trading, or the greatest liquidity in today’s parlance. Minimizing competition was essential to keep a large number of orders flowing, and the merger helped the NYSE maintain its reputation for providing superior liquidity." [12] The Civil War greatly stimulated speculative securities trading in New York. By 1869, membership had to be capped, and has been sporadically increased since. The latter half of the nineteenth century saw rapid growth in securities trading. [13]

Securities trade in the latter nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was prone to panics and crashes. Government regulation of securities trading was eventually seen as necessary, with arguably the most dramatic changes occurring in the 1930s after a major stock market crash precipitated the Great Depression. The NYSE has also imposed additional rules in response to shareholder protection controls, e.g. in 2012, the NYSE imposed rules restricting brokers from voting uninstructed shares. [14] : 2

The Stock Exchange Luncheon Club was situated on the seventh floor from 1898 until its closure in 2006. [15]

On April 21, 2005, the NYSE announced its plans to merge with Archipelago in a deal intended to reorganize the NYSE as a publicly traded company. NYSE's governing board voted to merge with rival Archipelago on December 6, 2005, and became a for-profit, public company. It began trading under the name NYSE Group on March 8, 2006. On April 4, 2007, the NYSE Group completed its merger with Euronext, the European combined stock market, thus forming NYSE Euronext, the first transatlantic stock exchange.

Wall Street is the leading US money center for international financial activities and the foremost US location for the conduct of wholesale financial services. "It comprises a matrix of wholesale financial sectors, financial markets, financial institutions, and financial industry firms" (Robert, 2002). The principal sectors are securities industry, commercial banking, asset management, and insurance.

Prior to the acquisition of NYSE Euronext by the ICE in 2013, Marsh Carter was the Chairman of the NYSE and the CEO was Duncan Niederauer. Currently, [ when? ] the chairman is Jeffrey Sprecher. [16] In 2016, NYSE owner Intercontinental Exchange Inc. earned $419 million in listings-related revenues. [17]

Notable events Edit

20th century Edit

The exchange was closed shortly after the beginning of World War I (July 31, 1914), but it partially re-opened on November 28 of that year in order to help the war effort by trading bonds, [18] and completely reopened for stock trading in mid-December.

On September 16, 1920, the Wall Street bombing occurred outside the building, killing thirty-eight people and injuring hundreds more. [19] [20] [21]

The Black Thursday crash of the Exchange on October 24, 1929, and the sell-off panic which started on Black Tuesday, October 29, are often blamed for precipitating the Great Depression. In an effort to restore investor confidence, the Exchange unveiled a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public on October 31, 1938.

On October 1, 1934, the exchange was registered as a national securities exchange with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, with a president and a thirty-three-member board. On February 18, 1971, the non-profit corporation was formed, and the number of board members was reduced to twenty-five.

One of Abbie Hoffman's well-known publicity stunts took place in 1967, when he led members of the Yippie movement to the Exchange's gallery. The provocateurs hurled fistfuls of dollars toward the trading floor below. Some traders booed, and some laughed and waved. Three months later the stock exchange enclosed the gallery with bulletproof glass. [22] Hoffman wrote a decade later, "We didn't call the press at that time we really had no notion of anything called a media event." [23]

On October 19, 1987, the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) dropped 508 points, a 22.6% loss in a single day, the second-biggest one-day drop the exchange had experienced. Black Monday was followed by Terrible Tuesday, a day in which the Exchange's systems did not perform well and some people had difficulty completing their trades. [24]

Subsequently, there was another major drop for the Dow on October 13, 1989—the Mini-Crash of 1989. The crash was apparently caused by a reaction to a news story of a $6.75 billion leveraged buyout deal for UAL Corporation, the parent company of United Airlines, which broke down. When the UAL deal fell through, it helped trigger the collapse of the junk bond market causing the Dow to fall 190.58 points, or 6.91 percent.

Similarly, there was a panic in the financial world during the year of 1997 the Asian Financial Crisis. Like the fall of many foreign markets, the Dow suffered a 7.18% drop in value (554.26 points) on October 27, 1997, in what later became known as the 1997 Mini-Crash but from which the DJIA recovered quickly. This was the first time that the "circuit breaker" rule had operated.

21st century Edit

On January 26, 2000, an altercation during filming of the music video for Rage Against the Machine's "Sleep Now in the Fire", directed by Michael Moore, caused the doors of the exchange to be closed and the band to be escorted from the site by security [25] after the members attempted to gain entry into the exchange.

In the aftermath of the September 11 attacks, the NYSE was closed for four trading sessions, resuming on Monday, September 17, one of the rare times the NYSE was closed for more than one session and only the third time since March 1933. On the first day, the NYSE suffered a 7.1% drop in value (684 points) after a week, it dropped by 14% (1,370 points). An estimated $1.4 trillion was lost within five days of trading. [26] The NYSE was only 5 blocks from Ground Zero.

On May 6, 2010, the Dow Jones Industrial Average posted its largest intraday percentage drop since the crash on October 19, 1987, with a 998-point loss later being called the 2010 Flash Crash (as the drop occurred in minutes before rebounding). The SEC and CFTC published a report on the event, although it did not come to a conclusion as to the cause. The regulators found no evidence that the fall was caused by erroneous ("fat finger") orders. [27]

On October 29, 2012, the stock exchange was shut down for two days due to Hurricane Sandy. [28] The last time the stock exchange was closed due to weather for a full two days was on March 12 and 13, 1888. [29]

On May 1, 2014, the stock exchange was fined $4.5 million by the Securities and Exchange Commission to settle charges that it had violated market rules. [30]

On August 14, 2014, Berkshire Hathaway's A Class shares, the highest priced shares on the NYSE, hit $200,000 a share for the first time. [31]

On July 8, 2015, technical issues affected the stock exchange, halting trading at 11:32 am ET. The NYSE reassured stock traders that the outage was "not a result of a cyber breach", and the Department of Homeland Security confirmed that there was "no sign of malicious activity". [32] Trading eventually resumed at 3:10 pm ET the same day.

On May 25, 2018, Stacey Cunningham, the NYSE's chief operating officer, became the Big Board's 67th president, succeeding Thomas Farley. [33] She is the first female leader in the exchange's 226-year history.

In March 2020, the NYSE announced plans to temporarily move to all-electronic trading on March 23, 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City. [34] The NYSE reopened on May 26, 2020. [35]

The main New York Stock Exchange Building, built in 1903, is at 18 Broad Street, between the corners of Wall Street and Exchange Place, and was designed in the Beaux Arts style by George B. Post. [36] The adjacent structure at 11 Wall Street, completed in 1922, was designed in a similar style by Trowbridge & Livingston. The buildings were both designated a National Historic Landmark in 1978. [37] [38] [39] 18 Broad Street is also a New York City designated landmark. [40]

The New York Stock Exchange is closed on New Year's Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Washington's Birthday, Good Friday, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas. When those holidays occur on a weekend, the holiday is observed on the closest weekday. In addition, the Stock Exchange closes early on the day before Independence Day, the day after Thanksgiving, and Christmas Eve. [41] The NYSE averages about 253 trading days per year.

The New York Stock Exchange (sometimes referred to as "The Big Board") provides a means for buyers and sellers to trade shares of stock in companies registered for public trading. The NYSE is open for trading Monday through Friday from 9:30 am – 4:00 pm ET, with the exception of holidays declared by the Exchange in advance.

The NYSE trades in a continuous auction format, where traders can execute stock transactions on behalf of investors. They will gather around the appropriate post where a specialist broker, who is employed by a NYSE member firm (that is, he/she is not an employee of the New York Stock Exchange), acts as an auctioneer in an open outcry auction market environment to bring buyers and sellers together and to manage the actual auction. They do on occasion (approximately 10% of the time) facilitate the trades by committing their own capital and as a matter of course disseminate information to the crowd that helps to bring buyers and sellers together. The auction process moved toward automation in 1995 through the use of wireless handheld computers (HHC). The system enabled traders to receive and execute orders electronically via wireless transmission. On September 25, 1995, NYSE member Michael Einersen, who designed and developed this system, executed 1000 shares of IBM through this HHC ending a 203-year process of paper transactions and ushering in an era of automated trading.

As of January 24, 2007, all NYSE stocks can be traded via its electronic hybrid market (except for a small group of very high-priced stocks). Customers can now send orders for immediate electronic execution, or route orders to the floor for trade in the auction market. In the first three months of 2007, in excess of 82% of all order volume was delivered to the floor electronically. [42] NYSE works with US regulators such as the SEC and CFTC to coordinate risk management measures in the electronic trading environment through the implementation of mechanisms like circuit breakers and liquidity replenishment points. [43]

Until 2005, the right to directly trade shares on the exchange was conferred upon owners of the 1,366 "seats". The term comes from the fact that up until the 1870s NYSE members sat in chairs to trade. In 1868, the number of seats was fixed at 533, and this number was increased several times over the years. In 1953, the number of seats was set at 1,366. These seats were a sought-after commodity as they conferred the ability to directly trade stock on the NYSE, and seat holders were commonly referred to as members of the NYSE. The Barnes family is the only known lineage to have five generations of NYSE members: Winthrop H. Barnes (admitted 1894), Richard W.P. Barnes (admitted 1926), Richard S. Barnes (admitted 1951), Robert H. Barnes (admitted 1972), Derek J. Barnes (admitted 2003). Seat prices varied widely over the years, generally falling during recessions and rising during economic expansions. The most expensive inflation-adjusted seat was sold in 1929 for $625,000, which, today, would be over six million dollars. In recent times, seats have sold for as high as $4 million in the late 1990s and as low as $1 million in 2001. In 2005, seat prices shot up to $3.25 million as the exchange entered into an agreement to merge with Archipelago and became a for-profit, publicly traded company. Seat owners received $500,000 in cash per seat and 77,000 shares of the newly formed corporation. The NYSE now sells one-year licenses to trade directly on the exchange. Licenses for floor trading are available for $40,000 and a license for bond trading is available for as little as $1,000 as of 2010. [44] Neither are resell-able, but may be transferable during a change of ownership of a corporation holding a trading license.

Following the Black Monday market crash in 1987, NYSE imposed trading curbs to reduce market volatility and massive panic sell-offs. Following the 2011 rule change, at the start of each trading day, the NYSE sets three circuit breaker levels at levels of 7% (Level 1), 13% (Level 2), and 20% (Level 3) of the average closing price of the S&P 500 for the preceding trading day. Level 1 and Level 2 declines result in a 15-minute trading halt unless they occur after 3:25 pm, when no trading halts apply. A Level 3 decline results in trading being suspended for the remainder of the day. [45] (The biggest one-day decline in the S&P 500 since 1987 was the 11.98% drop on March 16, 2020.)

NYSE Composite Index Edit

In the mid-1960s, the NYSE Composite Index (NYSE: NYA) was created, with a base value of 50 points equal to the 1965 yearly close. [46] This was done to reflect the value of all stocks trading at the exchange instead of just the 30 stocks included in the Dow Jones Industrial Average. To raise the profile of the composite index, in 2003, the NYSE set its new base value of 5,000 points equal to the 2002 yearly close. Its close at the end of 2013 was 10,400.32.

Timeline Edit

  • In 1792, NYSE acquires its first traded securities. [47][48]
  • In 1817, the constitution of the New York Stock and Exchange Board is adopted. It had also been established by the New York brokers as a formal organization. [49]
  • In 1863, the name changed to the New York Stock Exchange.
  • In 1865, the New York Gold Exchange was acquired by the NYSE. [50]
  • In 1867, stock tickers were first introduced. [51]
  • In 1885, the 400 NYSE members in the Consolidated Stock Exchange withdraw from Consolidated over disagreements on exchange trade areas. [52]
  • In 1896, the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) is first published in The Wall Street Journal. [51]
  • In 1903, the NYSE moves into new quarters at 18 Broad Street.
  • In 1906, the DJIA exceeds 100 on January 12.
  • In 1907, Panic of 1907.
  • In 1909, trading in bonds begins.
  • In 1915, basis of quoting and trading in stocks changes from percent of par value to dollars.
  • In 1920, a bomb exploded on Wall Street outside the NYSE building. Thirty-eight killed and hundreds injured.
  • In 1923, Poor's Publishing introduced their "Composite Index", today referred to as the S&P 500, which tracked a small number of companies on the NYSE. [53]
  • In 1929, the central quote system was established Black Thursday, October 24 and Black Tuesday, October 29 signal the end of the Roaring Twenties bull market.
  • In 1938, NYSE names its first president.
  • In 1943, trading floor is opened to women while men were serving in WWII. [54]
  • In 1949, the third longest (eight-year) bull market begins. [55]
  • In 1954, the DJIA surpasses its 1929 peak in inflation-adjusted dollars.
  • In 1956, the DJIA closes above 500 for the first time on March 12.
  • In 1957, after Poor's Publishing merged with the Standard Statistics Bureau, the Standard & Poors composite index grew to track 500 companies on the NYSE, becoming known as the S&P 500. [53]
  • In 1966, NYSE begins a composite index of all listed common stocks. This is referred to as the "Common Stock Index" and is transmitted daily. The starting point of the index is 50. It is later renamed the NYSE Composite Index. [56]
  • In 1967, Muriel Siebert becomes the first female member of the New York Stock Exchange. [57]
  • In 1967, protesters led by Abbie Hoffman throw mostly fake dollar bills at traders from gallery, leading to the installation of bullet-proof glass.
  • In 1970, the Securities Investor Protection Corporation was established.
  • In 1971, NYSE incorporated and recognized as Not-for-Profit organization. [56]
  • In 1971, the NASDAQ was founded and competes with the NYSE as the world's first electronic stock market. [58] To date, the NASDAQ is the second-largest exchange in the world by market capitalization, behind only the NYSE. [59]
  • In 1972, the DJIA closes above 1,000 for the first time on November 14.
  • In 1977, foreign brokers are admitted to NYSE.
  • In 1980, the New York Futures Exchange was established.
  • In 1987, Black Monday, October 19, sees the second-largest one-day DJIA percentage drop (22.6%, or 508 points) in history.
  • In 1987, membership in the NYSE reaches a record price of $1.5 million.
  • In 1989, On September 14, seven members of ACT-UP, The AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power, entered the NYSE and protested by chaining themselves to the balcony overlooking the trading floor and unfurling a banner, "SELL WELCOME," in reference to drug manufacturer Burroughs Wellcome. Following the protest, Burroughs Wellcome reduced the price of AZT (a drug used by people with living with HIV and AIDS) by over 30%. [60]
  • In 1990, the longest (ten-year) bull market begins. [55]
  • In 1991, the DJIA exceeds 3,000.
  • In 1995, the DJIA exceeds 5,000.
  • In 1996, real-time ticker introduced. [61]
  • In 1997, on October 27, a sell-off in Asia's stock markets hurts the U.S. markets as well DJIA sees the largest one-day point drop of 554 (or 7.18%) in history. [62]
  • In 1999, the DJIA exceeds 10,000 on March 29.
  • In 2000, the DJIA peaks at 11,722.98 on January 14 first NYSE global index is launched under the ticker NYIID.

In 2020, the NYSE temporarily transitioned to electronic trading due to the COVID-19 pandemic. [67]

Merger, acquisition, and control Edit

In October 2008, NYSE Euronext completed acquisition of the American Stock Exchange (AMEX) for $260 million in stock. [68]

On February 15, 2011, NYSE and Deutsche Börse announced their merger to form a new company, as yet unnamed, wherein Deutsche Börse shareholders would have 60% ownership of the new entity, and NYSE Euronext shareholders would have 40%.

On February 1, 2012, the European Commission blocked the merger of NYSE with Deutsche Börse, after commissioner Joaquín Almunia stated that the merger "would have led to a near-monopoly in European financial derivatives worldwide". [69] Instead, Deutsche Börse and NYSE would have to sell either their Eurex derivatives or LIFFE shares in order to not create a monopoly. On February 2, 2012, NYSE Euronext and Deutsche Börse agreed to scrap the merger. [70]

In April 2011, Intercontinental Exchange (ICE), an American futures exchange, and NASDAQ OMX Group had together made an unsolicited proposal to buy NYSE Euronext for approximately US$11,000,000,000, a deal in which NASDAQ would have taken control of the stock exchanges. [71] NYSE Euronext rejected this offer twice, but it was finally terminated after the United States Department of Justice indicated their intention to block the deal due to antitrust concerns. [71]

In December 2012, ICE had proposed to buy NYSE Euronext in a stock swap with a valuation of $8 billion. [8] [71] NYSE Euronext shareholders would receive either $33.12 in cash, or $11.27 in cash and approximately a sixth of a share of ICE. Jeffrey Sprecher, the chairman and CEO of ICE, will retain those positions, but four members of the NYSE board of directors will be added to the ICE board. [8]

The NYSE's opening and closing bells mark the beginning and the end of each trading day. The opening bell is rung at 9:30 am ET to mark the start of the day's trading session. At 4 pm ET the closing bell is rung and trading for the day stops. There are bells located in each of the four main sections of the NYSE that all ring at the same time once a button is pressed. [72] There are three buttons that control the bells, located on the control panel behind the podium which overlooks the trading floor. The main bell, which is rung at the beginning and end of the trading day, is controlled by a green button. The second button, colored orange, activates a single-stroke bell that is used to signal a moment of silence. A third, red button controls a backup bell which is used in case the main bell fails to ring. [73]

History Edit

The signal to start and stop trading was not always a bell. The original signal was a gavel (which is still in use today along with the bell), but during the late 1800s, the NYSE decided to switch the gavel for a gong to signal the day's beginning and end. After the NYSE changed to its present location at 18 Broad Street in 1903, the gong was switched to the bell format that is currently being used.

A common sight today is the highly publicized events in which a celebrity or executive from a corporation stands behind the NYSE podium and pushes the button that signals the bells to ring. Due to the amount of coverage that the opening/closing bells receive, many companies coordinate new product launches and other marketing-related events to start on the same day as when the company's representatives ring the bell. It was only in 1995 that the NYSE began having special guests ring the bells on a regular basis prior to that, ringing the bells was usually the responsibility of the exchange's floor managers. [72]

Notable bell-ringers Edit

Many of the people who ring the bell are business executives whose companies trade on the exchange. However, there have also been many famous people from outside the world of business that have rung the bell. Athletes such as Joe DiMaggio of the New York Yankees and Olympic swimming champion Michael Phelps, entertainers such as rapper Snoop Dogg, members of ESPN’s College GameDay crew, singer and actress Liza Minnelli [74] and members of the band Kiss, and politicians such as Mayor of New York City Rudy Giuliani and President of South Africa Nelson Mandela have all had the honor of ringing the bell. Two United Nations Secretaries General have also rung the bell. On April 27, 2006, Secretary-General Kofi Annan rang the opening bell to launch the United Nations Principles for Responsible Investment. [75] On July 24, 2013, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon rang the closing bell to celebrate the NYSE joining the United Nations Sustainable Stock Exchanges Initiative. [76]

In addition, there have been many bell-ringers who are famous for heroic deeds, such as members of the New York police and fire departments following the events of 9/11, members of the United States Armed Forces serving overseas, and participants in various charitable organizations.

There have also been several fictional characters that have rung the bell, including Mickey Mouse, the Pink Panther, Mr. Potato Head, the Aflac Duck, Gene of The Emoji Movie, [77] and Darth Vader. [78]


On This Day in Rock History

2008 – Coldplay kicked off their Viva la Vida, 161-date world tour at the Brixton &mdash 2008 – Coldplay kicked off their Viva la Vida, 161-date world tour at the Brixton Academy in London, England.

2008 – Disturbed were at No.1 on the Australian album chart &mdash 2008 – Disturbed were at No.1 on the Australian album chart with ‘Indestuctible.’

2007 – Rod Stewart married model girlfriend Penny Lancaster on the Italian &mdash 2007 – Rod Stewart married model girlfriend Penny Lancaster on the Italian Riviera just outside the resort of Portofino. The 62 year old singer was previously married to models Alana [. ]

2006 – Deep Purple perform a concert to inspire the Croatian soccer &mdash 2006 – Deep Purple perform a concert to inspire the Croatian soccer squad after their 1-0 defeat to Brazil in the World Cup. “Music gets the rhythm process going [. ]

2005 – Mariah Carey tops the U.S. singles chart for a fourth &mdash 2005 – Mariah Carey tops the U.S. singles chart for a fourth week with “We Belong Together.”

2004 – Ben Shabalala, a former member of South African vocal group &mdash 2004 – Ben Shabalala, a former member of South African vocal group Ladysmith Black Mambazo, is shot to death in Durban, South Africa. Shabala also appeared on Paul Simon’s [. ]

2004 – Velvet Revolver, the rock group made up of Stone Temple Pilots &mdash 2004 – Velvet Revolver, the rock group made up of Stone Temple Pilots singer Scott Weiland and ex-members of Guns N’ Roses, top the U.S. album charts with their [. ]

2002 – Elvis Presley reappears on the U.K. singles… &mdash 2002 – Elvis Presley reappears on the U.K. singles chart for the first time since shortly after his Deaths in 1977, thereby breaking a quarter-century-long stalemate with the Beatles for [. ]

2000 – On the first night of his ‘Up in Smoke’ tour in Chula Vista, Snoop Dogg’s &mdash 2000 – On the first night of his ‘Up in Smoke’ tour in Chula Vista, Snoop Dogg’s tour bus was stopped at the Temecula border checkpoint in San Diego after [. ]

1999 – Cher kicked off her 122 date ‘Believe Tour’ at the America &mdash 1999 – Cher kicked off her 122 date ‘Believe Tour’ at the America West Arena in Phoenix, Arizona.

1999 – Screaming Lord Sutch was found dead after hanging himself. The singer turned &mdash 1999 – Screaming Lord Sutch was found dead after hanging himself. The singer turned politician was 58. He was the first long-haired pop star-boasting hair over 18 inches long and [. ]

1998 – Recording Academy chief Michael Greene anno… &mdash 1998 – Recording Academy chief Michael Greene announces that after two turbulent years in New York, the Grammy Awards are to return to Los Angeles.

1998 – Online sheet music seller Sunhawk Corp. sig… &mdash 1998 – Online sheet music seller Sunhawk Corp. signs a multiyear agreement with Warner Bros. Publications to sell Warner-owned sheet music via the Internet. By logging onto the Sunhawk Web [. ]

1998 – Members of Live donate part of the proceeds… &mdash 1998 – Members of Live donate part of the proceeds from their show in Asbury Park, N.J., to a casualty of June 13, 1998’s Tibetan Freedom Concert in Washington, D.C. [. ]

1998 – Longtime Nashville manager Jack McFadden di… &mdash 1998 – Longtime Nashville manager Jack McFadden dies at home of liver cirrhosis. He is

1998 – General Carl Mundy, president and CEO of th… &mdash 1998 – General Carl Mundy, president and CEO of the USO, presents the Spirit of Hope Award to the Country Music Association in recognition of the many country artists who [. ]

1997 – Alan Jackson makes a little history by beco… &mdash 1997 – Alan Jackson makes a little history by becoming the first artist ever to win six times as male vocalist of the year in the TNN/Music City News Country [. ]

1996 – Rage Against The Machine, Beastie Boys, Smashing Pumpkins, Fugees, Red &mdash 1996 – Rage Against The Machine, Beastie Boys, Smashing Pumpkins, Fugees, Red Hot Chili Peppers, John Lee Hooker, Beck, Sonic Youth, Yoko Ono, De La Soul and Richie Havens all [. ]

1994 – Oasis played at The Erotika Club, Paris in France, the band &mdash 1994 – Oasis played at The Erotika Club, Paris in France, the bands first gig outside the UK.

1994 – Kristen Pfaff is found dead in her bathtub … &mdash 1994 – Kristen Pfaff is found dead in her bathtub with syringes and other suspected drug paraphernalia nearby. The 26-year-old was the bass player for Hole, the band of Kurt [. ]

1993 – The U.S. Postal Service releases a set of s… &mdash 1993 – The U.S. Postal Service releases a set of seven stamps featuring rock and blues legends. The featured performers are Bill Haley, Buddy Holly, Clyde McPhatter, Otis Redding, Ritchie [. ]

1990 – 10 weeks after it enters the Chart Toppers … &mdash 1990 – 10 weeks after it enters the Chart Toppers Hot 100 at No. 67, Roxette’s “It Must Have Been Love” moves into the No. 1 slot. “It Must Have [. ]

1989 – the first day of the UK three day Glastonbury Festival took place featuring &mdash 1989 – the first day of the UK three day Glastonbury Festival took place featuring Van Morrison, Elvis Costello, Throwing Muses, Pixies, All About Eve, Hot House Flowers, The Waterboys, [. ]

1984 – Frankie Goes To Hollywood had their second UK No.1 single with ‘Two Tribes &mdash 1984 – Frankie Goes To Hollywood had their second UK No.1 single with ‘Two Tribes.’ It stayed at No.1 for nine weeks making Frankie Goes To Hollywood the first band [. ]

1982 – Donny Vanzant of 38 Special was arrested on stage in Tulsa, Oklahoma &mdash 1982 – Donny Vanzant of 38 Special was arrested on stage in Tulsa, Oklahoma, (a dry town) for drinking alcohol in a public place.

1982 – Pretenders guitarist James Honeyman-Scott d… &mdash 1982 – Pretenders guitarist James Honeyman-Scott dies following a period of cocaine and heroin addiction.

1980 – The Blues Brothers film starring John Belushi and Dan Aykroyd &mdash 1980 – The Blues Brothers film starring John Belushi and Dan Aykroyd premiered in Chicago. The film also featured Aretha Franklin, James Brown and Ray Charles in the role of [. ]

1979 – The Electric Light Orchestra started a five-week run at No.1 on the UK &mdash 1979 – The Electric Light Orchestra started a five-week run at No.1 on the UK album chart with ‘Discovery’ their first No.1 LP, featuring the tracks ‘Shine A Little Love’, [. ]

1978 – The movie musical “Grease,” with Olivia N… &mdash 1978 – The movie musical “Grease,” with Olivia Newton John and John Travolta, premieres. The soundtrack produces two No. 1 singles, “Grease” (by Frankie Valli) and “You’re the One That [. ]

1973 – Suzi Quatro had her first UK No.1 single with the Nicky Chinn &mdash 1973 – Suzi Quatro had her first UK No.1 single with the Nicky Chinn & Mike Chapman song ‘Can The Can’. 10CC were at No.2 with ‘Rubber Bullets’ and Fleetwood [. ]

1971 – Born on this day, Tupac Amaru Shakur, (born Lesane Parish Crooks). Died from &mdash 1971 – Born on this day, Tupac Amaru Shakur, (born Lesane Parish Crooks). Died from bullet wounds on September 13th 1996. 1996 US No.1 single ‘How Do U Want It [. ]

1970 – Mungo Jerry were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with ‘In The Summertime &mdash 1970 – Mungo Jerry were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with ‘In The Summertime’. It went on to become the best selling UK single of 1970 spending seven [. ]

1969 – Free appeared at Friars, Aylesbury, England on this day &mdash 1969 – Free appeared at Friars, Aylesbury, England on this day in rock history!

1967 – Canned Heat performs at the Monterey (Calif… &mdash 1967 – Canned Heat performs at the Monterey (Calif.) Pop Festival, leading to a contract with Liberty Records. 1967, the three day Monterey Pop Festival in California began. All the proceeds [. ]

1966 – Cliff Richard joined evangelist Billy Graham on stage at Earls Court London and talked &mdash 1966 – Cliff Richard joined evangelist Billy Graham on stage at Earls Court London and talked about his discovery of the Christian faith.

1966 – John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers (featuring guitarist Eric Clapton), appeared &mdash 1966 – John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers (featuring guitarist Eric Clapton), appeared at The Marquee Club, London, England.

1954 – Born on this day, Gerry Roberts, guitar, The Boomtown Rats, (1979 UK No.1 &mdash 1954 – Born on this day, Gerry Roberts, guitar, The Boomtown Rats, (1979 UK No.1 single ‘I Don’t Like Mondays’ plus 10 other UK Top 40 hit singles).

1941 – Born on this day, Lamont Dozier, (Holland/Dozier/Holland), producer, songwriter &mdash 1941 – Born on this day, Lamont Dozier, (Holland/Dozier/Holland), producer, songwriter, wrote many hits for Motown records, including The Supremes, Four Tops, Marvin Gaye, Martha Reeves & The Vandellas plus [. ]

Help Stu in his battle with Cancer!


Sales and marketing Edit

During Q1 2011, sales and rentals of DVDs and Blu-rays plunged about 35%, and the sell-through of packaged discs fell 19.99% to $2.07 billion, with more money spent on subscription than in-store rentals. This decrease was attributed to the rising popularity of Netflix and other streaming services. [344]

In July 2012, Netflix hired Kelly Bennett – former Warner Bros. Vice President of Interactive, Worldwide Marketing – to become its new chief marketing officer. This also filled a vacancy at Netflix that had been empty for over six months when previous CMO Leslie Kilgore left in January 2012. [345]

Netflix's website had 117.6 million subscribers as of 2018, with 8.3 million being added in the fourth quarter of 2017. [346]

Netflix has a Twitter feed, used to tweet about the new and upcoming shows that include hashtags to encourage engagement of its audience to not only watch the show but to contribute to the hashtag themselves. [347]


A brief history of Facebook

Mark Zuckerberg, 23, founded Facebook while studying psychology at Harvard University. A keen computer programmer, Mr Zuckerberg had already developed a number of social-networking websites for fellow students, including Coursematch, which allowed users to view people taking their degree, and Facemash, where you could rate people's attractiveness.

In February 2004 Mr Zuckerberg launched "The facebook", as it was originally known the name taken from the sheets of paper distributed to freshmen, profiling students and staff. Within 24 hours, 1,200 Harvard students had signed up, and after one month, over half of the undergraduate population had a profile.

The network was promptly extended to other Boston universities, the Ivy League and eventually all US universities. It became Facebook.com in August 2005 after the address was purchased for $200,000. US high schools could sign up from September 2005, then it began to spread worldwide, reaching UK universities the following month.

As of September 2006, the network was extended beyond educational institutions to anyone with a registered email address. The site remains free to join, and makes a profit through advertising revenue. Yahoo and Google are among companies which have expressed interest in a buy-out, with rumoured figures of around $2bn (£975m) being discussed. Mr Zuckerberg has so far refused to sell.

The site's features have continued to develop during 2007. Users can now give gifts to friends, post free classified advertisements and even develop their own applications - graffiti and Scrabble are particularly popular.

This month the company announced that the number of registered users had reached 30 million, making it the largest social-networking site with an education focus.

Earlier in the year there were rumours that Prince William had registered, but it was later revealed to be a mere impostor. The MP David Miliband, the radio DJ Jo Whiley, the actor Orlando Bloom, the artist Tracey Emin and the founder of Wikipedia, Jimmy Wales, are among confirmed high-profile members.

This month officials banned a flash-mob-style water fight in Hyde Park, organised through Facebook, due to public safety fears. And there was further controversy at Oxford as students became aware that university authorities were checking their Facebook profiles.

The legal case against Facebook dates back to September 2004, when Divya Narendra, and the brothers Cameron and Tyler Winklevoss, who founded the social-networking site ConnectU, accused Mr Zuckerberg of copying their ideas and coding. Mr Zuckerberg had worked as a computer programmer for them when they were all at Harvard before Facebook was created.

The case was dismissed due to a technicality in March 2007 but without a ruling.