14 May 1944

14 May 1944

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14 May 1944



War at Sea

German submarine U-240 sunk with all hands in the North Atlantic


French troops from the 5th Army capture Ausonia

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Born This Day In History 14th November

Celebrating Birthday's Today

Condoleezza Rice
Born: 14th November 1954 Birmingham, Alabama
Known For : 66th United States Secretary of State, A former Associate Professor at Stanford University from 1987 to 1993 and in 1993 was granted a full Professorship and became the Stanford University provost responsible for managing the university's multi-billion dollar budget and also a Senior Fellow of the Institute for International Studies. In 2000, Rice was picked by George Bush to serve as National Security Advisor which she held until 2005 when she became US Secretary of State.

Prince Charles
Born: 14th November 1948 Buckingham Palace
Known For : The eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, making him next in line to the throne. Formerly married to Lady Diana Spencer with two children Prince William and Prince Henry, Charles and Diana were divorced in 1996 after 15 years of marriage. He is now married to Camilla Parker Bowles.

World War II Database

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"No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country. You win the war by making the other poor dumb bastard die for his country!"

George Patton, 31 May 1944

The World War II Database is founded and managed by C. Peter Chen of Lava Development, LLC. The goal of this site is two fold. First, it is aiming to offer interesting and useful information about WW2. Second, it is to showcase Lava's technical capabilities.

Race to the coast

The decision to evacuate saved the BEF from annihilation © A potentially decisive counterattack by two high quality French armoured and motorised divisions fizzled out into some fierce, but ultimately inconclusive fighting. Under the dynamic command of General Heinz Guderian, a pioneer of armoured warfare known euphemistically as 'Hurry-up Heinz', the German Panzers broke out of their bridgehead. They began to race towards the Channel coast, aided by the German aircraft that ruled the skies.

With the bulk of the Allied forces fighting in Belgium, there was little to stop the German forces as they sliced across the Allied supply-lines. The German spearheads reached the English Channel on 20 May.

. there was little to stop the German forces as they sliced across the Allied supply-lines.

Lacking a centrally placed strategic reserve, the Allies tried to pull their armies out of Belgium to respond to the new threat emerging in their rear. And the Germans did not have it all their own way, as French forces under Charles de Gaulle showed how vulnerable the flanks of the German forces were to bold counterattacks.

Then at Arras on 21 May, a scratch force of British tanks and infantry gave a rough reception to Erwin Rommel's 7th Panzer Division. Yet this was all too little, too late. With German forces pushing through Belgium and the Panzers looping up from the south and west, the Allies were encircled. The Belgian army surrendered on 28 May, leaving a gaping hole on the British flank of the Allied forces.

Allied high command seemed paralysed. General Weygand replaced General Gamelin as French commander-in-chief, but it made no difference. Then General Lord Gort, the commander of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF), on 23/4 May took the morally courageous decision to abandon his role in a projected Anglo-French counterattack, and fell back on the Channel ports.

The French, not surprisingly, regarded this as a betrayal, but Gort's decision saved the BEF. Between 26 May and 4 June, a hastily organised evacuation by sea, code-named Operation Dynamo, lifted 338,000 Allied troops from Dunkirk.

That the German forces failed to press their attack on Dunkirk was largely thanks to grim defence of the Dunkirk perimeter by British and French troops, and the efforts of the much-depleted RAF.

Although as Churchill, who had become Prime Minster on 10 May rightly commented, 'wars are not won by evacuation', Dynamo was a victory of incalculable importance for the BEF. The return of the troops, even without much of their equipment, gave Britain a basis on which to rebuild the Army, sheltering behind the Navy and the RAF. It also strengthened the credibility of Churchill's insistence that Britain would fight on, thus influencing the neutral USA at a time when American aid was vital.

Today in Jazz History

Vocalist Arthur Prysock born 1929 in Spartanburg, SC.

Count Basie records Blues In The Dark, featuring vocalist Jimmy Rushing 1938

Pianist/composer Herbie Nichols born 1919 in New York City.

Alto saxophonist John Jenkins born 1931 in Chicago, IL.

Trumpeter Frankie Newton born 1906 in Emory, VA.

Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie record What's The Matter Now? With vocalist Rubberlegs Williams.

Saxophonist/flutist Frank Wess born 1922 in Kansas City, MO.

Cornetist Will Bill Davison born 1906 in Defiance, Ohio.

In 1959, Trumpeter Blue Mitchell records Out of the Blue with Art Blakey, Wynton Kelly, Benny Goldson and Sam Jones.

Pianist Teddy Wilson records When You're Smiling with Lester Young and Billie Holiday, 1938.

Jimmie Lunceford records Margie featuring vocalist/trombonist Trummy Young.

Trombonist Vernon Brown born 1907 in Venice, IL.

Clarinetist Kenny Davern born 1935 in Huntington, NY.

In 1986, pianist Muhal Richard Abrams records Roots of Blue, a series of duets with bassist Cecil McBee.

Trumpeter Henry "Red" Allen born 1908 in New Orleans, LA.

In 1929, Duke Ellington records Tiger Rag (Parts 1 and 2).

Pianist Bobby Tucker born 1923 in Morristown, NJ.

Saxophonist Jackie McLean records Bluesnik with trumpeter Freddie Hubbard, 1961.

Drummer Kenny Clarke born 1914 in Pittsburgh, PA.

Dizzy Gillespie records I Can't Get Started 1945

Vocalist Betty Roche born 1920 in Wilmington, DE.

Percussionist Max Roach born 1925 in New Land, NC.

Vocalist Bee Palmer records her vocal version of Frank Trumbauer and Bix Beiderbecke's Singin' The Blues 1929

Pianist Bud Powell records first trio session (with Max Roach and Curly Russell) 1946.

Lennie Tristano records Subconscious Lee 1949

Drummer Osie Johnson born 1923 in Washington, DC.

Saxophonist Joe Lovano and pianist Gonzalo Rubalcaba record Flying Colors, 1997.

Trombonist Trummy Young born 1912 in Savannah, GA.

Louis Armstrong records his big band version of Struttin' With Some Barbecue, 1938.

Pianist/bandleader Jay McShann born 1909 in Muskogee, OK.

Horace Silver records Moon Rays 1958

Guitarist Danny Barker 1909 born in New Orleans

Trombonist/arranger Melba Liston born 1926 in Kansas City, MO.

Trumpeter Kenny Wheeler born 1930 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Bessie Smith records St. Louis Blues 1925, with Louis Armstrong on cornet.

Drummer/vocalist Grady Tate born 1932 in Durham, NC.

Drummer Gene Krupa born 1909 in Chicago, IL.

Baritone saxophonist Gerry Mulligan records What Is There To Say with Art Farmer, 1959.

Trumpeter Baikida Carroll born 1947 in Saint Louis, MO.

Benny Goodman Carnegie Hall Concert 1938.

Vocalist Ivie Anderson born 1905 in Gilroy, CA.

Ahmad Jamal Trio records At the Pershing with bassist Israel Crosby and drummer Vernel Fournier, 1958.

Pianist Cedar Walton born 1934 in Dallas, TX.

Drummer Sid Catlett born 1910 in Evansville, IN.

Pianist Nat "King" Cole's Trio records Body and Soul, 1944.

First Esquire Jazz Concert at Metropolitan Opera House 1944

Trumpeter Clifford Brown records With Strings, 1955.

Saxophonist Steve Grossman born 1951 in New York, NY.

Jack Teagarden records the music of Willard Robison with Bob Brookmeyer's band 1962

Bassist Israel Crosby born 1919 in Chicago, IL.

Pianist Horace Parlan born 1931 in Pittsburgh, PA.

Drummer Jeff "Tain" Watts born 1960 in Pittsburgh, PA.

Miles Davis Quintet (with Wayne Shorter, Herbie Hancock, Ron Carter, Tony Williams) records E.S.P., 1965

Drummer Jimmy Cobb born 1929 in Washington, DC.

Count Basie band makes its first recording, Honeysuckle Rose, in 1937.

Violinist and reedman Robert "Juice" Wilson born 1904 in St.Louis, MO.

Miles Davis Nonet, later known as The Birth of the Cool band, records Jeru, 1949.

Valve Trombonist Juan Tizol born 1900 in San Juan, PR.

Trombonist/composer J.J. Johnson born 1924 in Indianapolis, IN.

Vocalist Billie Holiday records Good Morning Heartache, 1946.

Guitarist Django Reinhardt born 1910 in Liverchies, Belgium.

Duke Ellington's first Carnegie Hall Concert 1943.

Vibraphonist Gary Burton born 1943 in Anderson, IN.

Tenor saxophonist Jimmy Forrest born 1920 in St. Louis, MO.

Oscar Peterson Trio (with drummer Ed Thigpen and bassist Ray Brown) records music from West Side Story 1962.

Pianist/composer Avery Parrish born 1917 in Birmingham, Al.

Bassist Wellman Braud born 1891 in St. James Parish, LA.

Composer Antonio Carlos Jobim born 1927 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Saxophonist/composer Benny Golson born 1929 in Philadelphia, PA.

Dizzy Gillespie, making his last recordings, records Bird Songs, in 1992 with altoists Paquito D'Rivera and Jackie McLean.

Louis Armstrong records I Gotta Right To Sing The Blues 1933

Violinist/pianist Stephane Grappelli born 1908 in Paris, France

Pianist Bill Evans and alto saxophonist Cannonball Adderley record Know What I Mean?, 1961.

Trumpeter Hot Lips Page born 1908 in Dallas, TX.

Vibraphonist Bobby Hutcherson born 1941 in Los Angeles, CA.

Drummer Bob Moses born 1948 in New York, NY.

JATP records Lady Be Good 1946, with classic solos by saxophonists Lester Young and Charlie Parker.

English saxophonist Ronnie Scott born 1927 in London, England.

Jabbo Smith records Jazz Battle at his first session as a leader 1929

Drummer Ed Shaugnessy born 1929 in Jersey City, NJ.

Guitarist Sacha Distel born 1933 in Paris, France.

Bassist and oud player Ahmed Abdul-Malik born 1927 in New York, NY.

Trumpeter Roy Eldridge born 1911 in Pittsburgh, PA.

The Original Dixieland Jazz Band makes the first jazz recordings, 1917

Trumpeter Bobby Hackett born 1915 in Providence, PA.

Guitarist George Barnes records Swing Guitar with Hank Jones, Milt Hinton and Jo Jones, 1973.

Composer George Russell records The Stratus Seekers (including trombonist David Baker), 1961.

Pianist James P. Johnson born 1894 in New Brunswick, NJ.

Saxophonist Joshua Redman born 1969 in Berkeley, CA.

Saxophonist Sadao Watanabe born 1933 in Utsunomiya, Japan.

Tenor saxophonist Stan Getz born 1927 in Philadelphia, PA.

Saxophonist Sonny Stitt born 1924 in Boston, MA.

The Modern Jazz Quartet records Lonely Woman, 1962

Trumpeter Snooky Young born 1919 in Dayton, Ohio

The Art Ensemble of Chicago records Thelonious Sphere Monk with Cecil Taylor, 1990.

Trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie and Count Basie record The Gifted Ones, 1977.

Count Basie records Jive at Five(featuring Lester Young), 1939.

Frank Trumbauer and Bix Beiderbecke record Singin’ The Blues 1927

Pianist Wade Legge born 1934 in Huntington, WVA.

Edmond Hall Celeste Quartet (with guitarist Charlie Christian) records Profoundly Blue 1941

Pianist Rozelle Claxton born 1913 in Memphis, TN.

Gil Evans records Pacific Standard Time, 1959.

Bob Crosby's Bob Cats record Spain, 1940.

Trumpeter Howard McGhee born 1918 in Tulsa, OK.

Alto saxophonist Cannonball Adderley records Sophisticated Swing with Junior Mance, Sam Jones and Jimmy Cobb.

Pianist Eubie Blake born 1883 in Baltimore, MD.

Tenor saxophonist Johnny Griffin records Change of Pace with French hornist Julius Watkins,1961.

Tenor saxophonist Hank Mobley records Soul Station, 1960.

Vibraphonist Lionel Hampton records the first of all his All-Star sessions, 1937.

Duke Ellington records Billy Strayhorn’s U.M.M.G., 1956.

Guitarist Lonnie Johnson born 1899 in New Orleans, LA.

Bassist Walter Page born 1900 in Gallatin, MS.

Trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie records Groovin’ High with tenor saxophonist Dexter Gordon, 1945.

Duke Ellington’s band is recorded in stereo by RCA Victor, 1932.

Drummer/bandleader Chick Webb born 1909 in Baltimore. MD.

Pianist Sir Roland Hanna born 1932 in Detroit, Mi.

Ornette Coleman records his first album Something Else 1958

Guitarist/vocalist Josh White born 1908 in Greenville, MS.

Bing Crosby records St.Louis Blues with Duke Ellington’s Orchestra, 1932.

Benny Carter records The King with vibraphonist Milt Jackson and pianist Tommy Flanagan, 1976

Voacalist Mahalia Jackson records Come Sunday with Duke Ellington, 1958.

Mel Powell born 1923 in New York, NY.

Baritone saxophonist Lars Gullin records Holiday for Piano in Stockholm, 1953.

Trumpeter Wingy Manone born 1900 in New Orleans, LA.

Stan Getz and Charlie Byrd record Brazilian music for the first time 1962

Tenor saxophonist Wardell Gray born 1921 in Oklahoma City, OK.

Tenor saxophonist Pharoah Sanders records The Craetor Has A Master Plan, 1969.

Tenor saxophonist Sonny Rollins records the title track of his classic album The Bridge 1962

Pianist Perry Bradford born 1893 in Montgomery, AL.

Saxophonist/composer Henry Threadgill born 1944 in Chicago, IL.

Composer Harold Arlen born 1905 in Buffalo, NY.

Duke Ellington records Blue Serge 1941

Renee Rosnes records For The Moment with Steve Wilson and Joe Henderson 1990

Pianist/organist Bill Doggett born 1916 in Philadelphia, PA.

Bessie Smith makes her first recording, Downhearted Blues 1923

Ruby Braff and Ellis Larkins record their first duo album 1955

Clarinetist Buddy DeFranco born 1923 in Camden, NJ

Trumpeter Henry "Red" Allen records You Might Get Better, But You’ll Never Get Well, 1930.

Trumpeter Miles Davis records In A Silent Way, 1969 with pianist Chick Corea, Herbie Hancock, and Joe Zawinul.

Vocalist Billie Holiday records Lady In Satin, 1958.

Drummer Frank Butler born 1928 Kansas City, MO.

Saxophonist/composer/bandleader David Murray born 1955 in Berkeley, CA.

Tenor saxophonist Gene Ammons and Sonny Stitt record Soul Summit, 1962.

Pianist/composer Anthony Davis born 1951 in Paterson, NJ.

Vocalist Ethel Waters records Sugar 1926

Pianist/arranger Phil Moore born 1918 in Portland, OR.

Composer/pianist Tadd Dameron born 1917 in Cleveland, OH.

Drummer Art Blakey’s Quintet with trumpeter Clifford Brown records Live at Birdland, 1954.

Vocalist Nina Simone born 1933 in Tryon, NC.

Cornetist Rex Stewart born 1907 in Philadelphia, PA.

Trumpeter Joe Wilder born 1922 in Colwyn PA.

Tenor saxophonist Buddy Tate born 1913 in Sherman, TX.

Clarinetist Pee Wee Russell and tenor saxophonist Coleman Hawkins record Jazz Reunion, 1961.

Oliver Nelson records The Blues and the Abstract Truth, 1961, with Eric Dolphy, Freddie Hubbard and Bill Evans.

Trumpeter/composer John Carisi born 1922 in Hasbrouck Heights, NJ.

Keith Jarrett records Fort Yawuh live at the Village Vanguard 1973

Saxophonist David "Fathead" Newman born 1933 in Dallas, TX.

Pianist/composer Michel Legrand 1932 in Paris, France

Reedman Eric Dolphy records Out to Lunch 1964

Trombonist Ake Persson born 1932 in Hassleholm, Sweden

Duke Ellington recordsThe Queen’s Suite (of which only one copy is made and given to the Queen of England) 1959.

Louis Armstrong records the first jazz scat vocal Heebie Jeebies, 1926.

Tenor saxophonist Flip Phillips born 1915 in Brooklyn, NY.

Count Basie records Avenue C with Shadow Wilson on drums, 1945.

Tenor saxophonist Dexter Gordon born 1923 in Los Angeles, CA.

Pianist Erroll Garner records The One and Only, 1953.

Bassist Oscar Pettiford and drummer Max Roach record There’ll Never Be Another You as a duet, 1958.

Vocalist Mildred Bailey records Downhearted Blues with the John Kirby Sextet, 1939.

Percussionist Willie Bobo born 1934 in New York, NY.

Violin Svend Asmussen born 1916 in Copenhagen, Denmark

Alto saxophonist and clarinetist Jimmy Dorsey born 1904 in Shenandoah, PA.

Drummer Gene Krupa records small group session with Benny Goodman, Roy Eldridge and Chu Berry 1936

Composer/arranger Quincy Jones records The Birth of a Band in Paris, 1960.

Trombonist Benny Powell born 1930 in New Orleans, LA.

Pianist Geri Allen records Eyes In The Back of Your Head Ornette Coleman, 1996.

Pianist Fats Waller records his piano solo Handful of Keys, 1929.

Saxophonist/composer/trumpeter Benny Carter records Central City Sketches with The American Jazz Orchestra, 1987.

Tenor saxophonist Eddie Lockjaw Davis born 1922 in New York, NY.

Trumpeter Miles Davis records Kind of Blue, the best selling jazz album of all time, 1959

Bassist Jimmy Garrison. born 1934 in Miami, FL.

Saxophonist Hal McKusick’s quartet records George Russell’s The Day John Brown Was Hanged, 1956

Clarinetist Barney Bigard born 1906 in New Orleans, LA.

Guitarist Charlie Christian records Solo Flight with Benny Goodman’s band, 1941.

Saxophonist Jan Garbarek born 1947 in Mysen, Norway.

Trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie’s Big Band records Carnegie Hall Concert, 1961.

Vocalist Carol Sloane born 1937 in Providence, RI.

Louis Armstrong records Knockin’ A Jug with trombonist Jack Teagarden, 1929.

Basie tenor saxophonists Frank Foster and Frank Wess record Two Franks, Please, 1956.

Trumpeter Howard McGhee born 1918 in Tulsa, OK.

Duke Ellington records Ko-Ko 1940

Guitarist Wes Montgomery born 1925 in Indianapolis, IN.

Boogie-woogie pianist Meade "Lux" Lewis records Honky Tonk Train Blues 1937

Bassist Alcide Pavageau born 1888 in New Orleans, LA.

Guitarist Gabor Szabo born 1936 in Budapest, Hungary.

Saxophonist George Coleman born 1935 in Memphis, TN.

Pianist James Williams born 1951 in Memphis, TN.

Alto saxophonist Lee Konitz records Yesterdays with Miles Davis, 1951.

Alto saxophonist Cannonball Adderley records Somethin’ Else, with trumpeter Miles Davis, pianist Hank Jones and drummer Art Blakey, 1958.

Saxophonist Ornette Coleman born 1930 in Fort Worth, TX. .

Pianist Paul Bley records Turns, featuring tenor saxophonist John Gilmore, 1964.

Bassist/composer Charles Mingus records Cumbia and Jazz Fusion, 1977.

Cornetist Bix Beiderbecke born 1903 in Davenport, IA.

Trumpeter Bunk Johnson and saxophonist Sidney Bechet record Milenberg Joys 1945

Violinist Leroy Jenkins born 1932 in Chicago, IL.

Pianist Kenny Barron records Scratch with bassist Dave Holland and drummer Daniel Humair, 1985.

Tenor saxophonist Stan Getz and guitarist Johnny Smith record Moonlight In Vermont, 1952.

Pianist/composer Mary Lou Williams records Russian Lullaby with trumpeter Frankie Newton, 1944.

Bassist/composer/bandleader Charles Mingus records Haitian Fight Song 1957

Pianist Sir Charles Thompson born 1918 in Springfield, OH.

Drummer Roy Haynes born 1926 in Roxbury, MA.

Trombonist Albert Mangelsdorff records A Matter of Taste, 1977.

Trumpeter/composer Terence Blanchard born 1962 in New Orleans, LA.

Pianist/composer Chick Corea records his first trio album Now He Sings, Now He Sobs with Miroslav Vitous and Roy Haynes 1968

Trumpeter/arranger Quincy Jones born 1933 in Chicago, IL.

Alto saxophonist Art Pepper records Plus Eleven, with arrangements by Marty Paich, 1959.

Trumpeter/bandleader Harry James born 1916 in Albany, GA.

Duke Ellington records Concerto for Cootie 1940

Pianist Cecil Taylor born 1929 in New York, NY.

Pianist/composer Fats Waller records Jitterbug Waltz, 1942.

Cornetist Ruby Braff born 1927 in Boston, MA.

Pianist Tommy Flanagan born 1930 in Detroit, MI.

Pianist Herbie Hancock records Maiden Voyage, 1965.

Pianist/vocalist Nat "King" Cole born 1917 in Montgomery, AL.

Saxophonist/composer Sam Rivers records Dimensions and Extensions with trumpeter Donald Byrd 1967

Guitarist Bill Frisell born 1951 in Baltimore, MD.

Pianist Lil Armstrong records Sixth Street, 1940.

Poet Langston Hughes records Weary Blues with bassist Charles Mingus, 1958.

Pianist Lennie Tristano born 1919 in Chicago, IL.

Count Basie records Taxi War Dance, featuring tenor saxophonist Lester Young, 1939

Pianist Marian McPartland born 1918 in Windsor, England

Trumpeter/composer Wynton Marsalis records In This House, On This Morning 1993

Tenor saxophonist John Coltrane makes his last recording with trumpeter Miles Davis, Someday My Prince Will Come, 1961.

Clarinetist Hank d’Amico born 1915 in Rochester, NY.

Pianist/composer Andrew Hill’s Point of Departure recorded 1964

Pianist/vocalist Amina Claudine Myers born 1942 in Blackwell, AR.

Tenor saxophonist Sonny Rollins records Pent-Up House with trumpeter Clifford Brown and drummer Max Roach, 1956.

Guitarist George Benson born 1943 in Pittsburgh, PA.

Xylophonist Red Norvo’s band records Eddie Sauter’s arrangement of Remember, 1937.

Tenor saxophonists Ben Webster and Dexter Gordon record Tenor Titans in Denmark, 1972.

Pianist/composer Dave Frishberg born 1933 in St. Paul, MN.

Dizzy Gillespie and Max Roach duo is recorded in Paris 1989

Pianist Renee Rosnes born 1962 in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Pianist Steve Kuhn born 1938 in Brooklyn, NY.

Pianist Toshiko Akiyoshi records From Toshiko with Love, 1981.

Guitarist John McLaughlin records his tribute to Bill Evans, Time Remembered, 1993.

Drummer Paul Motian born 1931 in Philadelphia, PA.

Duke Ellington records The 1952 Seattle Concert.

Tenor saxophonist Hank Mobley records Workout with pianist Wynton Kelly, guitarist Grant Green, bassist Paul Chambers and drummer Philly Joe Jones, 1961.

Saxophonist/flutist/vocalist James Moody born 1925 in Savannah, GA.

Tenor saxophonist David Murray records The Special Quartet with pianist McCoy Tyner and drummer Elvin Jones, 1990.

Saxophonist Ben Webster born 1909 in Kansas City, MO.

Clarinetist Pee Wee Russell born 1906 in St. Louis, MO.

Vocalist Sarah Vaughan born 1924 in Newark, NJ.

Trumpeter/composer Thad Jones born 1923 in Pontiac, MI.

Soprano saxophonist/clarinetist Sidney Bechet and cornetist Muggsy Spanier record China Boy, 1940.

Pianist Tete Montoliu born 1933 in Barcelona, Spain.

Guitarist Eddie Lang records Add A Little Wiggle, 1928.

Trumpeter Tony Fruscella records his eponymously named album 1955, including the classic I’ll Be Seeing You.

Saxophonist Michael Brecker born 1949 in Philadephia, PA.

Vibraphonist Karl Berger born 1935 in Heidelberg, Germnay

Pianist Marilyn Crispell born 1947 in Philadelphia, PA.

Tenor saxophonist Johnny Griffin records The Man I Love in 1967.

Alto saxophonist Gary Bartz records West 42nd Street 1990.

Guitarist Freddie Green born 1911 in Charleston, SC.

Xylophonist/Vibraphonist Red Norvo born 1908 in Beardstown,PA.

Saxophonist Harry Carney born 1910 in Boston, MA.

Trumpeter/bandleader Cootie Williams is the first to record a Thelonious Monk composition, Epistrophy, 1942.

Saxophonist John Laporta born 1920 in Philadelphia, PA.

Trumpeter Booker Little born 1938 in Memphis, TN.

Guitarist Larry Coryell born 1943 in Galveston, TX.

Tenor saxophonist Coleman Hawkins, pianist Bud Powell, bassist Oscar Pettiford and drummer Kenny Clarke record All The Things You Are in Essen,Germany 1960

Composer/arranger Bill Finegan born 1917 in Newark, NJ.

Bassist Scott Lafaro born 1936 in Newark, NJ.

Alto saxophonist Charlie Parker rehearses with Gene Roland’s Big band, 1950. It is issued as The Band That Never Was.

Bassist Gene Ramey born 1913 in Austin, TX..

Pianist Benny Green born 1963 in New York, NY.

Trumpeter Booker Little records Out Front with Max Roach and Eric Dolphy in 1961.

Saxophonist Stanley Turrentine born 1934 in Pittsbugh, PA.

Drummer Stan Levey born 1925 in Philadelphia, PA.

Vibraphonist Lionel Hamption records Sweethearts on Parade featuring tenor saxophonist Chu Berry, 1939.

Saxophonist/composer Gerry Mulligan born 1927 in New York, NY.

Saxophonist Charlie Rouse born 1924 in Washington, DC.

Cornetist King Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band records Dippermouth Blues 1923

Vocalist Billie Holiday born 1915 in Philadelphia, PA.

Trumpeter Freddie Hubbard born 1938 in Indianapolis, IN.

Conga player/bandleader Mongo Santamaria born 1922 in Havana, Cuba.

Vocalist Carmen McCrae born 1920 in New York, NY.

Trumpeter Tom Harrell records Form with Joe Lovano, Dave Leibman and John Abercrombie 1990

Trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie’s big band records Benny Goldon’s Stablemates, 1957.

Trumpeter Freddie Hubbard records Hub Cap with saxophonist Jimmy Heath, 1961.

Tenor saxophonist Julian Dash born 1916 in Charleston, SC.

Arranger Gil Evans records New Bottle, Old Wine featuring alto saxophonist Cannonball Adderley, 1959.

Saxophonist/arranger Fud Livingstone born 1906 in Charleston, SC.

Pianist Denny Zeitlin born 1938 in Chicago, IL.

Pianist Count Basie’s band features tenor saxophonist Coleman Hawkins on Feedin’ The Bean, 1941.

Trombonist Grachan Moncur III records his Echoes of Prayer with the Jazz Composer’s Orchestra, 1974.

Guitarist Oscar Aleman records I’m Beginning To See The Light in Buenos Aires, 1946.

Cornetist Nick La Rocca born 1889 in New Orleans, LA.

Pianist Herbie Hancock born 1940 in Chicago, IL.

Pianist Thelonious Monk records I Should Care 1957

Clarinetist Johnny Dodds born 1892 in New Orleans, LA.

Trumpeter Bobby Hackett records his big band version of Embraceable You 1939

Saxophonist Bud Freeman born 1906 in Chiacgo, IL. .

Pianist McCoy Tyner’s Trio records Infinity with tenor saxophonist Michael Brecker.

Trumpeter/composer Shorty Rogers born 1924 in Great Barrington, MA.

Tenor saxophonist Sonny Rollins records Misterioso with pianists Thelonious Monk and Horace Silver, 1957.

Tenor saxophonist Gene Ammons born 1925 in Chicago, IL.

Bassist Richard Davis born 1930 in Chicago, IL.

Vocalist Bessie Smith born 1894 in Chattanooga, TN.

Trumpeter Miles Davis’s Quintet records In Person: Saturday Night At the Blackhawk, 1961.

Trombonist Benny Green born 1923 in Chicago, IL.

Pianist Earl Hines records solo piano Plays Cole Porter, 1974.

Pianist Alice Coltrane records Transfiguration, 1978

Bassist Buster Williams born 1942 in Camden, NJ.

Banjoist/guitarist Johnny St. Cyr born 1890 in New Orleans, LA.

Pianist/composers Mary Lou Williams and Cecil Taylor record Embraced at Carnegie Hall, 1977.

Multi-instrumentalist Sidney Bechet overdubs records a one-man band version of Sheik of Araby, 1941.

Pianist Hal Galper born 1938 in Salem, MA.

Pianist Jimmy Rowles records his last album, Lilac Time 1994

Drummer Tommy Benford born 1985 in Chaleston, W. VA.

The Great Concert of (bassist) Charles Mingus is recorded in Paris, France, 1964.

Saxophonist Jimmy Greene records Live at Birdland, 1998.

Drummer Beaver Harris born 1936 in Pittsburgh, PA.

Percussionist/bandleader Tito Puente born 1923 in New York, NY.

Pianist/composer Sun Ra records The Heliocentric Worlds of Sun Ra, Volume 1. 1965

Trombonist/arranger Slide Hampton born 1932 in Jeannette, PA.

Pianist Chick Corea records solo Piano Improvisations in Olso 1971

Guitarist Mundell Lowe born 1922 in Laurel, MS.

Bassist/composer Charles Mingus born 1922 in Nogales, AZ.

Bassist Paul Chambers born 1935 in Pittsburgh, PA.

Bassist John Kirby’s Sextet records 20th Century Closet, 1940.

Vocalist Lil Brown records Why Don’t You do Right which Peggy Lee later turns into a major hit with Benny Goodman’s band. 1941

Clarinetist Jimmie Noone born 1895 in New Orleans, LA.

Vocalist Abbey Lincoln records Over The Years, 2000.

Tenor saxophonist Joe Henderson born 1937 in Lima, Ohio.

Guitarist Jim Hall and pianist Bill Evans record duo album Undercurrent, 1962.

Tenor saxophonist Johnny Griffin born 1928 in Chicago, IL.

Vocalist Ella Fitzgerald born 1917 in Newport News, VA.

Saxophonist Earl Bostic born 1913 in Tulsa, OK.

Saxophonist Archie Shepp records Goin’ Home, a duo of traditional themes with pianist Horace Parlan, 1977.

Drummer Dave Tough born 1907 in Oak Park, IL.

Blues singer Ma Rainey born 1886 in Columbus, GA.

Reedman/composer Jimmy Giuffre born 1921 in Dallas, TX.

Multi-instrumentalist/composer Scott Robinson born 1959 in Pequannock, New Jersey.

Three drummers born - Denzil Best 1917, Connie Kay 1927, Freddie Waits, 1943.

Saxophonist John Coltrane records The Drum Thing with drummer Elvin Jones, 1964.

Trumpeter Mario Bauza born 1911 in Havana, Cuba.

Pianist Thelonious Monk records San Francisco Holiday, 1960.

Louis Armstrong records Blue Again, 1931.

Composer/pianist Duke Ellington born 1899 in Washington, D.C.

Tenor saxophonist George Adams born 1940 in Covington, GA.

Harmonica player and guitarist Toots Thielemans born 1922 in Brussels, Belgium.

Pianist Richard Twardzik born 1931 in Danvers. MA.

Bassist Percy Heath born 1923 in Wilmington, W.VA.

Alto saxophonist Charlie Parker makes his first commercial recording (Swingmatism) with Jay McShann’s band in Dallas 1941

Vocalist/pianist Shirley Horn born 1934 in Washington, D.C.

Pianist Bud Powell records Night in Tunisia 1951

Flutist James Newton born 1953 in Los Angeles, CA.

Organist Richard "Groove" Holmes born 1931 in Camden, NJ.

Pianist Eddie Heywood records How High The Moon with the tenor saxophonist Don Byas, 1944.

Vocalist/bandleader Billy Eckstine records A Cottage For Sale, 1945.

Pianist/composer John Lewis born 1920 in La Grange, IL.

Vibraphonist Red Norvo Trio with Charles Mingus and Tal Farlow make their first recordings 1950

Vocalist Ethel Waters records Stormy Weather, 1933.

Duke Ellington records Cottontail featuring tenor saxophonist Ben Webster, 1940

Bassist Ron Carter born 1937 in Ferndale, MI.

Vocalist Bessie Snith records Lost Your Head Blues 1926

Trumpeter Jack Walrath born 1946 in Stuart, FL.

Drummer/bandleader Paul Barbarin born 1899 in New Orleans, LA.

Tenor saxophonist John Coltrane records Giant Steps with pianist Tommy Flanagan, bassist Paul Chambers and drummer Art Taylor 1959

Cornetist/composer Bix Beiderbecke records Riverboat Shuffle with The Wolverines, 1924.

Bassist David Friesen born 1942 in Tacoma, WA.

Herbie Nichols records The Third World, his first album of his own music 1955

Vocalist Sarah Vaughan records If You Could See Me Now with trumpeter Freddie Webster, 1946.

Saxophonist Herbie Steward born 1926 in Los Angeles, CA.

Saxophonist Ornette Coleman records Love Call, with Dewey Redman, Jimmy Garrison and Elvin Jones, 1968.

Pianist Keith Jarrett born 1945 in Allentown, PA.

Pianist/composer Mary Lou Williams born 1910 in Atlanta, GA.

Pianist/vocalist Fats Waller records I’m Gonna Sit Right Down and Write Myself A Letter, 1936.

Vocalist Billie Holiday records God Bless The Child with trumpeter Roy Eldridge, 1941.

Tenor saxophonist Sonny Rollins records East Broadway Rundown with Elvin Jones, Jimmy Garrison and Freddie Hubbard, 1965.

Trumpeter Miles Davis records Dear Old Stockholm 1952

Drummer/bandleader Mel Lewis born 1929 in Buffalo, NY.

Keyboardist Mike Melvoin born 1937 in Oshkosh, WI.

Louis Armstrong records Potato Head Blues 1927

Cornetist/bandleader born Joe "King" Oliver in New Orleans, LA., 1885.

Pianist/composer Carla Bley born 1938 in Oakland, CA.

Trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie and alto saxophonist Charlie Parker record Shaw ’Nuff 1945

Sauter-Finegan Orchestra records Doodletown Fifers 1952

Bassist Gary Peacock born 1935 in Burley, ID.

Guitarist Charlie Christian is recorded in a jam session with Thelonious Monk and Kenny Clarke, and plays an extended solo on Stompin’ At the Savoy, 1941.

Pianist Red Garland born 1923 in Dallas, TX.

Louis Armstrong records S.O.L. Blues, 1927.

Arranger/composer Gil Evans born 1912 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and records Priestess, 1977.

Saxophonist/clarinetist Sidney Bechet born 1897 in New Orleans, LA.

Fletcher Henderson records Wrappin’ It Up 1934

Drummer Zutty Singleton born 1898 in Bunkie, LA .

Pianist Ellis Larkins born 1923 in Baltimore, MD.

Multi-instrumentalist/composer/bandleader Rahsaan Roland Kirk born 1936 in Columbus, OH.

Jazz at Massey Hall concert 1953 recorded - last reunion of trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie, alto saxophonist Charlie Parker, pianist Bud Powell, bassist Charles Mingus and drummer Max Roach.

Reedman/bandleader Woody Herman born 1913 in Milwaukee, WI.

Clarinetist Jimmie Noone records Four or Five Times 1928 with pianist Earl Hines.

Vocalist Betty Carter born 1930 in Flint, MI.

Alto saxophonist Jackie McLean born 1932 in New York, NY.

Trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie makes his first recordings (King Porter Stomp) with Teddy Hill’s band, 1937.

Tenor saxophonist Dewey Redman born 1931 in Fort Worth, TX.

English bassist/composer Spike Hughes records with Benny Carter’s band 1933

Bassist Pops Foster born 1892 in Mc Call, LA.

Vocalist Big Joe Turner born 1912 in Kansas City, MO.

Count Basie records Pound Cake with classic solos by tenor saxophonist Lester Young and trumpeter Harry "Sweets" Edison, 1939.

Saxophonist Sonny Fortune born 1939 in Philadelphia, PA.

Vocalist Sarah Vaughan records Nice Work If You Can Get It with trumpeter Miles Davis, 1950.

Woody Herman’s Woodchoppers record Pam featuring trumpeter Sonny Berman, 1946.

Drummer Ralph Petersen born 1962 in Pleasantville, NJ.

Mills Blue Rhythm Band records St. Louis Wiggle Rhythm with trumpeter Henry "Red" Allen, 1935.

Bassist Christian McBride born 1972 in Philadelphia, PA.

Pianist/vocalist Fats Waller born 1904 in New York City.

Trumpeter Kenny Dorham records But Beautiful with pianist Hank Jones, bassist Oscar Pettiford and drummer Max Roach, 1957.

Pianist Dick Hyman records Jelly and James P., a tribute to Morton and Johnson, 1975.

Alto saxophonist Ornette Coleman records Lonely Woman and Congeniality, 1959.

Pianist Sun Ra born 1914 in Birmingham, AL.

Saxophonist John Coltrane records Greensleeves with a large ensemble including trumpeters Booker Little, Freddie Hubbard and reedman Eric Dolphy 1961

Banjoist/guitarist Fred Guy born 1897 in Burkesville, GA.

Clarinetist Artie Shaw born 1910 in New York City.

Tenor saxophonist Archie Shepp born 1937 in Fort Lauderdale, Fl.

Historic jazz concert at New York’s Imperial Theater - including clarinetist Artie Shaw’s new band that featured a string section. 1936

Tenor saxophonists John Coltrane and Sonny Rollins record Tenor Madness, 1956.

Clarinetist/tenor saxophonist Jimmy Hamilton born 1917 in Dillon, SC.

Two Trumpeters born - Miles Davis, 1926 in Alton, IL. and Wallace Roney, 1960 in Philadelphia, PA.

Saxophonists Benny Carter and Coleman Hawkins and trumpeter Roy Eldridge record I Can’t Believe That You’re In Love With Me 1940

Trumpeter Harold "Shorty" Baker born 1914 in St. Louis, MO.

Vocalist Peggy Lee born 1920 in Jamestown, ND.

Vibraphonist Lionel Hampton records Flying Home with a classic solo by tenor saxophonist Illinois Jacquet, 1942.

Bassist Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen born 1946 in Osted, Denmark.

Pianist Gonzalo Rubalcaba born 1963 in Havana, Cuba.

Vocalist Dee Dee Bridgewater born 1950 in Memphis, TN.

Pianist/composer Reginald Forsythe born 1907 in London, England.

Bandleader Andy Kirk born 1898 in Newport, KY.

Pianist Russ Freeman born Chicago, Ill., 1926.

Drummer Kenny Washington born 1958 in Staten Island, NY.

Duke Ellington records Anatomy of a Murder, 1959.

Pianist Hilton Ruiz born 1952 in New York, NY.

Saxophonist Frank Trumbauer born 1901 in Carbondale, IL.

Clarinetist/bandleader Benny Goodman born 1909 in Chicago, IL.

Trumpeter Sidney DeParis born 1905 in Crawfordsville, IN.

Saxophonist Otto "Toby" Hardwicke born 1904 in Washington, D.C.

Two drummers born - Albert "Tootie" Heath 1935 in Philadelphia, PA, and Louis Hayes 1937 in Detroit, MI.

Pianist Bill Evans records Time Remembered, 1963.

Saxophonist Hal McKusick born 1924 in Medford, MA.

Vocalist Billie Holiday records I’ll Never Be The Same with a band led by pianist Teddy Wilson, including tenor saxophonist Lester Young, 1937.

Pianist/composer Thelonious Monk records Played Twice, 1959.

Vocalist Ella Fitzgerald records Sing Me A Swing Song with drummer Chick Webb’s band, 1936.

Pianist Marty Napoleon born 1921 in New York, NY.

Multi reedman Eric Dolphy records Last Date in Hilversum, The Netherlands, 1964.

Joe Henderson records Page One 1963

Trombonist/composer Grachan Moncur III born 1937 in New York.

Trumpeter Ted Curson born 1935 in Philadelphia, PA.

Saxophonist/composer Anthony Braxton born 1945 in Chicago, IL.

Saxophonist/composer Oliver Nelson born 1932 in St. Louis, MO.

Saxophonist Paquito D’Rivera born 1948 in Havana, Cuba.

Pianist Misha Mengelberg born 1935 in Kiev, Ukraine, SSR.

Duke Ellington records Bakiff, featuring violinist Ray Nance, 1941.

Trumpeter Jerry Gonzalez born 1949 in New York, NY.

Pianist/composer Stanley Cowell records Blues for the Viet Cong, 1969.

Guitarist Grant Green born 1931 in St. Louis, MO.

Pianist Monty Alexander born 1944 in Kingston, Jamaica.

Pianist/bandleader Count Basie records Doggin’ Around 1938

Guitarist Tal Farlow born 1921 in Greensboro, NC.

Pianist/composer Thelonious Monk records solo album in Paris, 1954.

Trumpeter Miles Davis records Nefertiti with his quintet (Wayne Shorter, Herbie Hanock, Ron Carter and Tony Williams, 1967.

Soprano saxophonist Sidney Bechet records Summertime, 1939.

Trombonist Bill Watrous born 1939 in Middletown, CT.

Avant-garde composer John Cage and bandleader/keyboardist Sun Ra record together at Coney Island 1986

Don Byas and Slam Stewart record I Got Rhythm 1945

Pianist Kenny Barron born 1943 in Philadelphia, PA.

Guitarist Les Paul born 1915 in Waukesha, WI

Bassist Charnett Moffett born 1967 in New York, NY.

Pianist Erroll Garner records Frankie and Johnny 1947, with bassist Red Callender and drummer Hal "Doc" West.

Trombonist Dicky Wells born 1907 in Centerville, TN.

Pianist Fats Waller records I Ain’t Got Nobody piano solo 1937

Pianists George Shearing, John Lewis and Dave McKenna record A Tribute to Bill Evans, 1981

Drummer Shelly Manne born 1920 in New York, NY.

Pianist/composer Chick Corea born 1941 in Chelsea, MA

Pianist Geri Allen born 1957 in Pontiac, MI.

Tenor saxophonist Dexter Gordon records Bikini 1947

Trumpeter Doc Cheatham born 1905 in Nashville, TN

Louis Armstrong and The Mills Brothers record The Song Is Ended 1938

Trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie records A Night in Tunisia with Boyd Raeburn’s band, 1944.

Bassist John Simmons born 1918 in Haskell, OK.

Bandleader/drummer Chick Webb makes his first recording, Dog Bottom, as a bandleader 1929

Vibraphonist Bobby Hutcherson records Components with trumpeter Freddie Hubbard, pianist Herbie Hancock, bassist Ron Carter, 1965.

Pianist Jaki Byard born 1922 in Worcester, MA.

Pianist Erroll Garner born 1921 in Pittsburgh, PA.

Jimmie Lunceford’s band records Sy Oliver’s For Dancers Only, 1937.

Saxophonist Lucky Thompson born 1924 in Columbia, SC.

Pianist Albert Dailey born 1939 in Baltimore, MD.

Trumpeter Tom Harrell born 1946 in Urbana, IL.

Soprano saxophonist Sidney Bechet records When a Soprano Meets a Piano with Martial Solal, 1957.

Clarinetist Tony Scott born 1921 in Morristown, NJ.

The Thad Jones-Mel Lewis Jazz Orchestra records Central Park North, 1969.

Drummer/bandleader Ray McKinley born 1910 in Fort Worth, TX.

1956 Metronome All Stars, including bassist Charles Mingus, trumpeter Thad Jones, alto saxophonist Lee Konitz and drummer Art Blakey records.

Tenor saxophonist Jimmy Heath records A New Face with pianist Tommy Flanagan, 1985.

Vocalist Dave Lambert born 1917 in Boston, MA.

Pianist John Hicks records Impressions of Mary Lou (Williams), 1998.

Vocalist Carmen McCrae records If Love Were All, 1957.

Pianist Bill Evans is featured on the recording of George Russell’s All About Rosie, 1957.

Saxophonist/bass clarinetist Eric Dolphy born 1928 in Los Angeles, CA.

Saxophonist Benny Carter records Waltzing The Blues 1936

Pianist Eric Reed born 1970 in Philadelphia, PA.

Pianist Les McCann records Swiss Movement at the Montreux Jazz Festival, 1969.

Troy Floyd And His Plaza Hotel Orchestra record Dreamland Blues, 1929.

Drummer Ben Pollack born 1903 in Chicago, IL.

Percussionist Ray Mantilla born 1934 in New York, NY.

Tenor saxophonist Sonny Rollins records Blue 7 1956

Composer George Russell born 1923 in Cincinnati, OH.

Saxophonist/flutist Sahib Shihab born 1925 in Savannah, GA,

Just Jazz with Red Norvo records Body and Soul 1947

Bandleader/pianist George Gruntz born 1932 in Basel, Switzerland

Arranger Manny Albam born 1922 in Samana, Dominican Republic.

Tenor saxophonist Booker Ervin records Back From The Gig, with trumpeter Woody Shaw, 1968.

Composer Bill Russo born 1928 in Chicago, IL.

Drummer/pianist Joe Chambers born 1942 in Stoneacre, VA.

The Bill Evans Trio with bassist Scott LaFaro and drummer Paul Motian record at The Village Vanguard, 1961.

Thelonious Monk records Epistrophy with a band that includes both Coleman Hawkins and John Coltrane 1957

Drummer Joey Baron born 1955 in Richmond, VA.

Bassist/educator Reggie Workman born 1937 in Philadelphia, PA.

Benny Carter records his Songbooks, Vol. 1 and 2, 1995.

Pianist Mal Waldron records The Quest with saxophonists Eric Dolphy And Booker Ervin, 1961.

Pianist Elmo Hope born 1923 in New York, NY.

Louis Armstrong records West End Blues 1928.

Bass saxophonist Adrian Rollini born 1904 in New York, NY

Trumpeter Joe Smith born 1902 in Ripley, OH.

Trombonist Julian Priester born 1935 in Chicago, IL.

Pianist/arranger Ralph Burns born 1922 in Newton, MA.

Orchestra U.S.A. records Benny Golson’s A Portrait of Coleman Hawkins 1964

Drummer Buddy Rich born 1917

Pianist/composer Andrew Hill born 1937 in Chicago, IL.

Duke Ellington records Ellington Uptown, 1952.

Drummer Leon "Ndugu" Chancler born 1952 in Shreveport, LA.

Drummer Rashied Ali born 1935 in Philadelphia, PA.

Benny Goodman records King Porter Stomp featuring trumpeter Bunny Berigan, 1935.

Drummer Gene Krupa’s band and Roy Eldridge record Rockin’ Chair 1941

Thelonious Monk records Misterioso and Evidence 1948

Pianist Ahmad Jamal born 1930 in Pittsburgh, PA.

Trumpeter Johnny Coles born 1926 in Trenton, NJ.

Art Tatum records Too Marvelous for Words 1955

Trombonist Lawrence Brown born 1907 in Lawrence, KS.

Louis Armstrong’s "birthday" 1900 in New Orleans, LA.

Pianist/composer Randy Weston records Earth Birth with the Orchestre Du Festival De Jazz De Montreal, 1995.

Drummer Butch Miles born 1944 in Ironton, OH.

Vocalist Billie Holiday records Them There Eyes, 1939.

Saxophonist Arthur Blythe born 1940 in Los Angeles, CA.

Vocalist Ella Fitzgerald records Carnegie Hall, ’73.

The bands of Duke Ellington and Count Basie record For The First Time, 1961.

Benny Goodman records Sing, Sing, Sing featuring drummer Gene Krupa.

Trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie records Mary Lou Williams’ In The Land of Oo-Bla-Dee, 1949.

Guitarist Tiny Grimes born 1916 in Newport News, VA.

Count Basie records One O’Clock Jump, 1937

Tenor saxophonist Hank Mobley born 1930 in Eastman, GA.

Arranger Bill Challis born 1904 in Wilkes Barre, PA.

Vocalist Billy Eckstine born 1914 in Pittsburgh, PA.

Duke Ellington records At Newport, 1956 with the extended version of Diminuendo and Crescendo In Blue.

Trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie records Things To Come, 1946.

Saxophonist Frank Wright born 1935 in Grenada, MS.

Trumpeter Miles Davis records Blue Moods, with bassist Charles Mingus and drummer Elvin Jones 1955

Trumpeter Cootie Williams born 1910 in Mobile, AL.

Vocalist Ivie Anderson born 1905 in Gilroy, CA.

Pianist/arranger/trumpeter Dick Cary born 1916 in Hartford, CT.

Tenor saxophonist John Coltrane records The Stardust Session, with flugelhornist Wilbur Harden, 1958.

McKinney’s Cotton Pickers record their first session, including Crying and Sighing, 1928.

Blues Singer Blind Lemon Jefferson born 1897 in Couchman, TX.

Tenor saxophonist Paul Gonsalves born 1920 in Boston, MA.

Trumpeter Conte Candoli born 1927 in Mishawaka, IN.

Drummer Roy Haynes records Vistalite with tenor sxophonist Joe Henderson, 1976.

Tenor saxophonist Albert Ayler born 1936 in Cleveland, OH.

Art Tatum records Willow Weep for Me 1949

Benny Goodman records Body and Soul 1935

J.J. Johnson records Tangence, an orchestral album with Robert Farnon in London 1994

Drummer Alan Dawson born 1929 in Marietta, PA.

Pianist Billy Kyle born 1914 in Philadelphia, PA.

Drummer Bobby Previte born 1957 in Niagara Falls, NY.

Saxophonist/bass clarinetist/flutist Eric Dolphy and trumpeter Booker Little record at the Five Spot 1961

Vibraphonist Cal Tjader born 1925 in St. Louis, MO.

Drummer Joe Morello born 1928 in Springfield, MA.

Drummer Ben Riley born 1933 in Savannah, GA.

Creole Pianist/composer Jelly Roll Morton records with The New Orleans Rhythm Kings 1923 - one of the very first integrated recording sessions.

Trombonist Carl Fontana born 1928 in Monroe, LA.

Charles Mingus records Tijuana Moods 1957

Trumpeter Erskine Hawkins’ Big Band records Tuxedo Junction, 1939.

Clarinetist Buster Bailey born 1902 in Memphis, TN.

Trumpeter Bobby Bradford born 1934 in Cleveland, MS.

Bud Freeman and his Summa Cum Laude Orchestra record The Eel 1939

Arranger/saxophonist Ernie Wilkins born 1922 in St. Louis, MO.

Bassist Peter Ind born 1928 in Uxbridge, England.

Stan Kenton’s band records Bill Holman’s arrangement of What’s New, 1955.

Vocalist Helen Merrill born 1930 in New York, NY.

Louis Armstrong records I’m Confessin’, 1930.

Benny Carter arranges and plays on an all-star session for Lionel Hampton, 1938, including trumpeter Harry James and drummer Jo Jones.

Pianist Al Haig born 1924 in Newark, NJ.

Bassist Keter Betts born 1928 in Port Chester, NY.

Duke Ellington records Harlem Airshaft, 1940.

Trumpeter Emmett Berry born 1915 in Macon, GA.

Pianist/composer Thelonious Monk records Criss-Cross 1951

Soprano saxophonist Steve Lacy born 1934 in New York, NY.

Pianist Billy Taylor born 1921 in Greenville, NC.

Alto saxophonist Charles McPherson born 1939 in Joplin, MO.

Duke Ellington records Sepia Panorama, 1940.

Vocalist Annie Ross born 1930 in Surrey, England.

Trumpeter/bandleader Don Ellis born 1934 in Los Angeles, CA.

Saxophonist Johnny Hodges born 1907 in Cambridge, MA.

Drummer/composer/bandleader Louie Bellson born 1924 in Rock Falls, IL.

Drummer/bandleader Charlie Persip born 1929 in Morristown, NJ.

Count Basie records All, OK, You Win with vocalist Joe Williams, 1955.

Trumpeter Miles Davis records Quiet Nights with arranger Gil Evans, 1962.

Tenor saxophonist Jean Toussaint born 1960 in St. Thomas, Virgin Islands.

Helen Merrill records with Gil Evans (Hank Jones, Art Farmer, Oscar Pettiford) 1956

Trombonist Delfeayo Marsalis born 1965 in New Orleans, LA.

Duke Ellington records Sherman Shuffle, 1942.

Tenor saxophonist Don Byas records Free and Easy with trumpeter Charlie Shavers and pianist Clyde Hart, 1944.

Pianist/composer John Lewis records The Wonderful World of Jazz, 1960.

Guitarist Charlie Christian born 1916 in Dallas, TX.

Arranger/saxophonist Don Redman born 1900 Piedmont, WVA.

Saxophonist James Spaulding born 1937 in Indianapolis, IN.

Drummer Vernel Fournier born 1928 in New Orleans, LA.

Charles Mingus records solo piano album 1963

Pianist Hank Jones born 1918 in Vicksburg, MS.

Guitarist Kenny Burrell born 1931 in Detroit, MI.

Clarinetist Artie Shaw’s Gramercy Five with trumpeter Roy Eldridge and pianist Dodo Marmorosa record Scuttlebutt, 1945.

Pianist/vocalist Fats Waller records Until The Real Thing Comes Along, 1936.

Glenn Miller records In The Mood, 1939.

Drummer/composer Max Roach records Percussion Bittersweet, 1961.

Tenor saxophonist Big Nick Nicholas born 1922 in Lansing, MI.

Trumpeter Clifford Brown and drummer Max Roach record Parisian Thoroughfare, 1954.

The Benny Goodman Quartet records Smiles, 1937.

Alto saxophonist Greg Osby born 1960 in St. Louis, MO.

Trumpeter/arranger Charlie Shavers born 1917 in New York, NY.

Tenor saxophonist/composer Wayne Shorter records JuJu with pianist McCoy Tyner, bassist Reggie Workman and drummer Elvin Jones, 1964.

Louis Armstrong born 1901 in New Orleans, LA.

Guitarist Herb Ellis born 1921 in Farmersville, TX.

Count Basie’s band records Song of the Islands featuring trumpeter Buck Clayton and tenor saxophonist Lester Young, 1939.

Percussionist Airto Moreira born 1941 in Itaiopolis, Brazil.

Trumpeter Frankie Newton and bassist John Kirby record Emperor Jones with Charlie Barnet 1937

Pianist/bandleader Luis Russell born 1902 in Careening Clay, Panama.

Trombonist Vic Dickenson born 1906 in Xenia, OH.

Vocalist Abbey Lincoln born 1930 in Chicago, IL.

Bassist Charlie Haden born 1937 in Shenandoah, IA.

Pianist Thelonious Monk records Live at the Five Spot, 1958.

Guitarist George Van Eps born 1913 in Plainfield, NJ.

Multi-instrumentalist Rahsaan Roland Kirk born 1936 in Columbus, OH.

Trombonist Urbie Green born 1926 in Mobile, AL.

Vocalist Sarah Vaughan records Nobody Else But me with Benny Carter, 1962.

Saxophonist/composer/bandleader Benny Carter born 1907 in New York, NY.

Count Basie records Time Out and Topsy, 1938.

Drummer/pianist Jack DeJohnette born 1942 in Chicago, IL.

Jazz historian/critic Martin Williams born 1924 in Richmond, VA.

Pianist/bandleader Claude Thornhill born 1909 in Terre Haute, IN.

Vocalist Mamie Smith records Crazy Blues 1920, the first hit record to establish the blues.

Tenor saxophonist Archie Shepp records Four for Trane, 1966.

Pianist Jess Stacy born 1904 in Bird’s Point, MO.

Alto saxophonist/clarinetist Russell Procope born 1908 in New York, NY.

Clarinetist/bandleader Benny Goodman records Fletcher Henderson’s arrangement of Fats Waller’s Stealin’ Apples, 1939.

Pianist Wynton Kelly records Kelly Great with trumpeter Lee Morgan, tenor saxophonist Wayne Shorter, bassist Paul Chambers, and drummer Philly Joe Jones.

Drummer Tony Williams records Spring with the tenor saxophonists Sam Rivers and Wayne Shorter, 1965.

Guitarist Pat Metheny born 1954 in Lee’s Summit, MO.

Pianist George Shearing born 1919 in London, England.

Pianist Mulgrew Miller born 1955 in Greenwood, MS.

Baritone saxophonist Gerry Mulligan records with Thelonious Monk, 1957.

Violinist Stuff Smith born 1909 in Portsmouth, OH.

Pianist/vibraphonist Eddie Costa born 1930 in Atlas, PA.

Trumpeter Miles Davis records first session as a leader, with Charlie Parker on tenor saxophone, 1947.

Bassist Sam Jones records Right Down Front, 1962

Composer Bill Russo records A Recital in New American Music 1951

Pianist Oscar Peterson born 1925 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Three pianists born - Bill Evans, 1929 in Plainfield, NJ., Mal Waldron, 1925 in New York, N.Y., and Carl Perkins, 1928 in Indianapolis, IN.

Vocalist Al Hibbler born 1915 in Tyro, MS.

Vibraphonist Lionel Hampton records Drum Stomp, 1937.

Pianist/composer Duke Pearson born 1932 in Atlanta, GA.

Bassist George Duvivier born 1920 in New York, NY.

Pianist Paul Bley records Floater with bassist Steve Swallow ansd drummer Pete LaRoca, 1962.

Trumpeter Miles Davis records Gil Evans’ arrangements of Porgy and Bess, 1958.

Drummer Don Lamond born 1920 in Oklahoma City, OK.

Fletcher Henderson’s band records Coleman Hawkins’ Queer Notions, 1933.

Pianist Jimmy Rowles born 1918 in Spokane, WA.

Arranger Lyle "Spud" Murphy born Salt Lake City, 1908.

Trombonist/composer/arranger Eddie Durham born 1906 in San Marcos, TX.

Drummer Milford Graves born 1941 in New York, NY.

Guitarist Jimmy Raney born 1927 in Louisville, KY.

Trombonist Frank Rosolino born 1926 in Detroit, MI.

Pianist/bandleader Count Basie born 1904 in Red Bank, NJ.

Flugelhornist Art Farmer born 1928 in Council Bluffs, IA.

Drummer Leon Parker born 1965 in White Plains, NY.

Thelonious Monk’s ’Round Midnight is recorded for the first time by trumpeter Cootie Williams’ big band, 1944.

Bassist Malachi Favors born 1937 in Chicago, IL.

Count Basie records Jumpin’ At the Woodside, 1938.

Pianist Martial Solal born 1927 in Algiers, North Africa

Tenor saxophonist John Coltrane records Traneing In with Red Garland’s trio, 1957.

Pianist McCoy Tyner records Expansions with trumpeter Woody Shaw, saxophonists Gary Bartz and Wayne Shorter, 1968.

Vibraphonist Milt Jackson records Between The Devil and The Deep Blue Sea with pianist John Lewis, bassist Ray Brown and drummer Kenny Clarke, 1951.

Alto saxophonist Buster Smith born 1904 in Ennis, TX.

Drummer Buddy Rich records This One’s for Basie, 1956.

Tenor saxophonist Buddy Tate records Meets Dollar Brand, 1977.

Saxophonist/composer Wayne Shorter born 1933 in Newark, NJ.

Organist Jimmy Smith records The Sermon, 1957 with trumpeter Lee Morgan and guitarist Kenny Burrell.

Saxophonist Branford Marsalis born 1960 in Breaux Bridge, LA.

Vocalist Jimmy Rushing born 1903 in Oklahoma City, OH.

Duke Ellington records Old Man Blues, 1930.

Tenor saxophonist Dexter Gordon records GO! with drummer Billy Higgins, 1962.

Tenor saxophonist Stan Getz records Big Band Bossa Nova arranged by Gary McFarland, 1962.

Tenor saxophonist/clarinetist Lester Young born 1909 in Woodville, MS.

Clarinetist Jimmy Giuffre records with the Modern Jazz Quartet at the Music Inn 1956

Tenor saxophonist Chu Berry records Monday at Mintons with pianist Clyde Hart and trumpeter Hot Lips Page, 1941.

Pianist Kenny Drew born 1928 in New York, NY

Vocalist Dinah Washington born 1924

Trombonist/vocalist Jack Teagarden born 1905 in Vernon, TX.

Alto saxophonist Charlie Parker born 1920 in Kansas City, KS.

Max Roach and Archie Shepp duo concert is recorded in Switzerland 1979

Trumpeter Kenny Dorham born 1924 in Fairfield, TX.

Tenor saxophonist Eddie Harris records Freedom Jazz Dance, 1965.

Alto saxophonist Ornette Coleman records Colors, duets with pianist Joachim Kuhn, 1996.

Jimmie Lunceford records Organ Grinder’s Swing 1936

Composer/arranger Edgar Sampson born 1907 in New York, NY.

Saxophonist Art Pepper born 1925 in Gardena, CA.

Bassist/french hornist Willie Ruff born 1931 in Sheffield, AL.

Duke Ellington records his tribute to Billy Strayhoen, And His Mother Called Him Bill, 1967.

Pianist Horace Silver born 1928 in Norwalk, CT.

Tenor saxophonist Clifford Jordan born 1931 in Chicago, IL.

Saxophonist John Coltrane records First Meditations For Quartet, 1965.

Drummer Roy Brooks born 1938 in Detroit, MI.

Pianist/musicologist James Dapogny born 1940 in Berwyn, IL.

Baritone saxophonist Serge Chaloff records The Fable of Mabel with pianist Richard Twardzik, 1954.

Miles Davis Nonet opened at Royal Roost 1948

Saxophonist/educator Dave Liebman born 1946 in New York, NY.

Composer/arranger Gerald Wilson born 1918 in Shelby, MS.

Count Basie’s Kansas City Seven records Lester Leaps In 1939 featuring tenor saxophonist Lester Young.

Duke Ellington records In a Mellotone 1940

Trombonist Albert Mangelsdorff born 1928 in Frankfurt, Germany.

Cornetist Buddy Bolden born 1877 in New Orleans, LA.

Clarinetist Sidney Bechet records Blues In Thirds with pianist Earl Hines and drummer Baby Dodds, 1940.

Saxophonist/musicologist Andrew White born 1942 in Washington, DC.

Trumpeter Joe Newman born 1922 in New Orleans, LA.

Tenor saxophonist Sonny Rollins born 1929 in New York, NY.

Bennie Moten’s band records South, 1928.

Cornetist’s Bix Beiderbecke’s last session as leader 1930

Pianist Elmer Schoebel born 1896 in East St. Louis, Illinois.

Bassist Wilbur Ware born 1923 in Chicago, IL.

Drummer Elvin Jones born 1927 in Pontiac, MI.

Bassist George Mraz born 1944 in Czechoslovakia.

Duke Ellington records Indigos, an album of ballads, 1957.

Drummer Cliff Leeman born 1913 in Portland, ME.

Trombonist Craig Harris born 1954 in Hempstead, NY.

Trumpeter Miles Davis records ’Round Midnight with tenor saxophonist John Coltrane, 1956.

Fluegelhornist Stacy Rowles born 1955 in Los Angeles, CA.

Lionel Hampton records When Lights Are Low 1939

Pianist/singer Harry Connick, Jr. born 1967 in New Orleans, LA.

Trombonist Steve Turre born 1948 in Omaha, NE.

Trumpeter Cat Anderson born 1916 in Greenville, SC.

George Russell records Manhattan with a band including John Coltrane, Art Farmer, Bob Brookmeyer and Bill Evans 1958

Tenor saxophonist Chu Berry born 1910 in Wheeling, WVA.

Billie Holiday records He’s Funny That Way 1937

Composer/pianist Tadd Dameron records Lady Bird 1948

Cecil Taylor makes his first session as a leader 1956. Band includes Steve Lacy, Buell Neidlinger and Dennis Charles.

Saxophonist Joseph Jarman born 1937 in Pine Bluff, AR.

Trumpeter Bill Berry born 1930 in Benton Harbor, MI.

Saxophonist Cannonball Adderley born 1928 in Tampa, FL.

Bassist Arvell Shaw born 1923 in St. Louis, MO.

Pianist/composer Jelly Roll Morton records Black Bottom Stomp 1926

Singer John Hendricks born 1921 in Newark, OH.

Violinist Joe Venuti born 1903 in Philadelphia, PA.

Guitarist Charlie Byrd born 1925 in Chuckatuck, VA.

Clarinetist Perry Robinson born 1938 in New York, NY.

Bandleader Bill McKinney born 1895 in Cynthiana, KY.

Duke Ellington, bassist Charles Mingus and drummer Max Roach record Money Jungle, 1962.

Guitarist Emily Remler born 1957 in New York, NY.

Alto saxophonist Charlie Parker records Parker’s Mood with pianist John Lewis.

Saxophonists Lester Young and Charlie Parker and trumpeter Roy Eldridge record Embraceable You at Carnegie Hall, 1949.

Woody Herman’s band records Ralph Burns’ extended composition Summer Sequence, 1946.

Pianist/composer Muhal Richard Abrams born 1930 in Chicago, IL.

Pianist Erroll Garner records Concert By The Sea with bassist Eddie Calhoun and drummer Denzil Best, 1955.

Saxophonist Johnny Dankworth born 1927 in London, England

Duke Ellington records Diminuendo and Crescendo in Blue 1937

Saxophonist Steve Coleman born 1956 in Chicago, IL.

Jelly Roll Morton records Dead Man Blues 1926

Drummer Sunny Murray born 1937 in Idabel, OK

Bassist Slam Stewart born 1914 in Englewood, NJ.

Guitarist Wes Montgomery records Unit 7 with pianist Wynton Kelly, bassist Paul Chambers and drummer Jimmy Cobb, 1965.

Trombonist Roswell Rudd records Broad Strokes with vocalist Sheila Jordan, 1999.

Vocalist Marlena Shaw born 1942 in New Rochelle, NY.

Saxophonist/composer John Coltrane born 1926 in Hamlet, NC.

Saxophonist/composer Frank Foster born 1928 in Cincinnati OH.

Pianist/vocalist Ray Charles born 1930 in Albany, GA.

Trumpeter Fats Navarro born 1923 in Key West, FL.

Bassist Charles Mingus records Let My Children Hear Music, 1971.

Sarah Vaughan records My Funny Valentine 1973

Saxophonist Sam Rivers born 1923 in El Reno, OK.

Woodwind expert Garvin Bushell born 1902 in Springfield, OH.

Saxophonist Lee Konitz records Duets with drummer Elvin Jones, violinist Ray Nance, guitarist Jim Hall and others, 1967.

Ellington and John Coltrane record together 1962

Xylophonist Red Norvo records Old Fashioned Love with clarinetist Artie Shaw, trombonist Jack Jenney and pianist Teddy Wilson, 1934.

Saxophonist Gary Bartz born 1940 in Baltimore, MD.

Pianist Bud Powell born 1924 in New York, NY.

Trumpeter Red Rodney born 1927 in Philadelphia, PA.

The Kansas City 6, with clarinetist/tenor saxophonist Lester Young and electric guitarist Eddie Durham record Countless Blues, 1938.

Tony Bennett and Bill Evans record Together Again, their second album 1976

Tenor saxophonist John Gilmore born 1931 in Summit, MS.

Pianist Kenny Kirkland born 1955 in Newport, NY.

Coleman Hawkins and Red Allen record The Day You Came Along 1933

Violinist Jean-Luc Ponty born 1942 in Avranches, France

Trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie plays Carnegie Hall with his big band with guests Ella Fitzgerald and alto saxophonist Charlie Parker, 1947.

Bassist Oscar Pettiford born 1922 in Okmulgee, OK

Louis Armstrong and vocalist Billie Holiday record You Can’t Lose A Broken Heart, 1949.

Drummer Buddy Rich born 1917 in New York, NY.

Bassist Dave Holland born 1946 in Wolverhampton, W. Midlands, England

Duke Ellington and bassist Jimmy Blanton record Pitter Panther Patter, 1940.

Pianist/composer Horace Silver records Cape Verdean Blues with trumpeter Woody Shaw and tenor saxophonist Joe Henderson, 1965.

Guitarist Howard Roberts born 1929 in Phoenix, AZ

Composer/pianist Django Bates born 1960 in Beckenham, England.

Guitarist Charlie Christian makes his first recording Flying Home with the Benny Goodman Sextet, 1939.

Pianist Dave Brubeck records All The Things We Are with alto saxophonists Lee Konitz and Anthony Braxton, 1974.

Fletcher Henderson records Benny Carter’s arrangement of Somebody Loves Me, 1930.

Tenor saxophonist Von Freeman born 1922 in Chicago, IL

English tenor saxophonist Tubby Hayes records in New York with Clark Terry and Horace Parlan 1961

Vocalist Leon Thomas born 1937 in East St. Louis, IL.

Electric/acoustic bassist Steve Swallow born 1940 in Fair Lawn, NJ

Bassist Jimmy Blanton born 1918 in Chattanooga, TN.

Cornetist Bix Beiderbecke and his Gang record Jazz Me Blues, 1927.

Trombonist Steve Turre records In The Spur of the Moment with bassist Buster Williams and drummer Jack DeJohnette, 1999.

Ellington records Black and Tan Fantasy at first Victor session 1927

Pianist Norman Simmons born 1929 in Chicago, IL.

Pianist Sammy Price born 1908 in Honey Grove, TX

Louis Armstrong records his first session with Fletcher Henderson’s band 1924

Drummer Jo Jones born 1911 in Chicago, IL

Organist Larry Young born 1940 in Newark, NJ.

Baritone saxophonist Pepper Adams born 1930 in Highland Park, MI

Drummer J .C. Heard born 1917 in Dayton, OH.

Lennie Tristano records first trio sides (Out on a Limb) 1946 with Clyde Lombardi and Billy Bauer

Reedman/composer Yusef Lateef born 1920 in Chattanooga, TN and records Gong, 1957.

Alto saxophonist Kenny Garrett born 1960 in Detroit, MI.

Pianist/composer Thelonious Monk records Ba-lue-Bolivar-Ba-lues-are, with bassist Oscar Pettiford, drummer Max Roach and saxophonists Sonny Rollins and Ernie Henry, 1956.

Trumpeter Harry "Sweets" Edison born 1915 in Columbus, OH.

Billie Holiday stages a 1956 comeback concert at Carnegie Hall (it also became an album) with a band that includes Roy Eldridge and Coleman Hawkins.

Pianist/composer Thelonious Monk born 1917in Rocky Mount, NC

Drummer/bandleader Art Blakey born 1919 in Pittsburgh, PA.

Trumpeter Lester Bowie born 1941 in Frederick, MD.

Tenor saxophonist Coleman Hawkins records Body and Soul 1939, an advanced improvisation that became a hit.

Drummer Tubby Hall born 1895 in Sellers, LA.

Bassist/composer Charles Mingus records The Complete Town Hall Concert, 1962.

Alto saxophonist James Moody records I’m in The Mood for Love, 1949, which later becomes a hit as Moody’s Mood for vocalist Eddie Jefferson.

Bassist Ray Brown born 1926 in Pittsburgh, PA.

Pianist Art Tatum born 1909 in Toledo, OH.

Saxophonist Lee Konitz born 1927 in Chicago, IL.

Tenor saxophonist Ben Webster and pianist Joe Zawinul record together, with trumpeter Thad Jones, bassist Sam Jones and drummer Philly Joe Jones, 1963.

Trumpeter Dusko Goykovich born 1931 in Jajce, Yugoslavia

Duke Ellington records Tootin’ Through the Roof, featuring cornetist Rex Stewart and trumpeter Cootie Williams, 1939.

Nat King Cole’s short-lived television show has Jazz at the Philharmonic as his guest, and plays in a rare jazz appearance with Stan Getz and Coleman Hawkins.

Pianist/composer Thelonious Monk makes his first recordings as a leader, 1947.

Trumpeter Al Killian born 1916 in Birmingham, AL

Saxophonist/arranger/composer Benny Carter records Lonesome Nights and Symphony in Riffs 1933

Trombonist Ray Anderson born 1952 in Chicago, IL

Trumpeter Roy Hargrove born 1969 in Waco, TX.

Trombonist Jimmy Harrison born 1900 in Louisville, KY.

Two guitarists born - Barney Kessel 1923 in Muskogee, OK. and Howard Alden 1958 in Newport Beach, CA.

J.J. Johnson and Kai Winding record their first album as co-leaders at Birdland 1954

Trumpeter Wynton Marsalis born 1961 in New Orleans, LA

Pianist/composer James P. Johnson records Carolina Shout 1921

Tenor saxophonist Stanley Turrentine records Jubilee Shouts, 1962.

Trombonist Jack Jenney records his classic version of Stardust with his own big band 1939

Clarinetist Eddie Daniels born 1941 in New York, NY.

Clarinetist Alphonse Picou born 1878 in New Orleans, LA.

Saxophonist Eddie Harris born 1936 in Chicago, IL.

Pianist/composer Jelly Roll Morton born 1890 in New Orleans, LA.

Vocalist Ethel Waters records Dinah, 1925.

Trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie born 1917 in Cheraw, SC.

In 1946, Billy Strayhorn begans rehearsing his and Ellington’s only Broadway show Beggar’s Holiday, which closed after only 4 months.

Tenor saxophonist Don Byas born 1912 in Muskogee, OK.

Pianist/composer Clare Fischer born 1928 in Durand, MI

Count Basie records The Atomic Basie, 1957, featuring arrangements by Neal Hefti..

Sam Morgan’s Jazz Band records Bogalousa Strut in New Orelans, 1927.

Alto saxophonist Sonny Criss born 1927 in Memphis, TN

Composer/arranger Gary McFarland born 1933 in Los Angeles, CA.

The Brass Ensemble Of The Jazz And Classical Music Society records J.J. Johnson’s Jazz Suite for Brass featuring trumpeters Miles Davis and Bernie Glow, 1956.

Jazz historian Dan Morgenstern born 1929 in Munich, Germany

Bassist Wendell Marshall born 1920 in St. Louis, MO.

Pianist/composer Thelonious Monk records Well, You Needn’t at his first trio session with bassist Gene Ramey and drummer Art Blakey, 1947.

Saxophonist/composer Jimmy Heath born 1926 in Philadelphia, PA.

Trombonist Robin Eubanks born 1955 in Philadelphia, PA.

Pianist/composer Thelonious Monk records The Way You Look Tonight with Sonny Rollins, 1954.

Tenor saxophonist Warne Marsh born 1927 in Los Angeles, CA.

Bandleader/saxophonist Charlie Barnet born 1913 in New York, N.Y.

C. Luckyeth "Luckey" Roberts records an unissued session for Columbia 1916

Pianist/composer George Wallington born 1924 in Palmero, Sicily, Italy.

Soprano saxophonist Steve Lacy records The Straight Horn of, with drummer Roy Haynes, 1960.

Clarinetist Benny Goodman records Texas Tea Party featuring trombonist/vocalist Jack Teagarden, 1933.

Guitarist Philip Catherine born 1942 in London, England

Trombonist Bill Harris born 1916 in Philadelphia, PA.

Composer/arranger Chico O’Farrill born 1921 in Havana, Cuba

Alto saxophonist Charlie Parker records Embraceable You, 1947

Tenor saxophonist Zoot Sims born 1925 in Inglewood, CA.

Composer/arranger/trumpeter Neal Hefti born 1922 in Hastings, NE.

Percussionist/bandleader Poncho Sanchez born 1951 in Laredo, TX.

Count Basie records What’s Your Number? featuring tenor saxophonist Lester Young, 1940.

Trumpeter Clifford Brown born 1930 in Wilmington, DE.

Actress/singer Ethel Waters born 1896 in Chester, PA.

Tenor saxophonist Booker Ervin born 1930 in Denison, TX.

Tenor saxophonist Illinois Jacquet born 1922 in Boussard, LA.

Pianist Roger Kellaway born 1939 in Newton, MA

Basssist/composer Charles Mingus records Mingus Dynasty including Jimmy Knepper, Booker Ervin and Roland Hanna 1959

Alto saxophonist Lou Donaldson born 1926 in Badin, NC.

Trumpeter Bunny Berigan born 1908 in Hilbert, WI.

Alto saxophonist Johnny Hodges records Billy Strayhorn’s Daydream, 1940.

Saxophonist/clarinetist/bandleader Phil Woods born 1931 in Springfield, MA.

Tenor saxophonist Sonny Rollins records A Night at the Village Vanguard 1957 with drummer Elvin Jones and bassist Wilbur Ware

Bassist Henry Grimes born 1935 in Philadelphia, PA

Pianist Fats Waller records Your Feet’s Too Big, 1940.

Pianist Joe Sullivan born 1906 in Chicago, IL.

Louis Armstrong records Hoagy Carmichael’s Stardust, 1931.

Alto saxophonist Charlie Parker records Klactoveedsedstene, with drummer Max Roach, 1947

Vocalist Ella Fitzgerald records Goodnight, My Love with Benny Goodman’s band, 1936.

Jimmie Lunceford’s band records Sy Oliver’s version of Annie Laurie featuring trombonist/vocalist Trummy Young, 1937.

Pianist Keith Jarrett records his solo The Sun Bear Concerts in Kyoto, Japan, 1975.

Arranger Andy Gibson born 1913 in Zanesville, OH

Pianist Claude Thornhill’s band records Gil Evans’ arrangement of Donna Lee featuring alto saxophonist Lee Konitz, 1947.

The World Saxophone Quartet records Steppin’ 1981

Tenor saxophonist David S. Ware born 1949 in Plainfield, NJ

The historic Live at Fargo recording is madeof the Ellington band in 1940, giving us an informal listen to the band at its zenith.

Pianist Joe Bushkin born 1916 in New York, NY.

Trumpeter Kamau Adilifu (Charles Sullivan) born 1944 in New York, NY.

Vocalist Billie Holiday records Don’t Explain, 1944.

Guitarist Russell Malone born 1963 in Albany, GA.

Two alto saxophonists born: Jesse Davis, 1965 in New Orleans, LA. and Pete Brown, 1906 in Baltimore, MD.

Count Basie records How Long Blues with his All American Rhythm Section, (guitarist Freddie Green, bassist Walter Page and drummer Jo Jones) 1938

Pianist Oscar Peterson records If You Could See Me Now with guitarist Joe Pass, 1983.

Pianist Paul Bley born 1932 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Bassist Walter Page’s Blue Devils make their only recordings, Blue devil Blues and Squabblin’, 1929

Tenor saxophonist Mark Turner born 1965 in Fairborn, OH.

Duke Ellington’s band records Billy Strayhorn’s Progressive Gavotte, 1947.

Cornetist Don Cherry records Where Is Brooklyn?, with tenor saxophonist Pharoah Sanders, 1966.

Trumpeter Willie Cook born 1923 in Tangipahoa, IN.

Bassist Sam Jones born 1924 in Jacksonville, FL.

Louis Armstrong and his Hot Five record their first piece, My Heart, 1925.

Trumpeter/arranger Buck Clayton born 1911 in Parsons, KS.

Pianist Hampton Hawes born 1928 in Los Angeles, CA.

Cecil Taylor Quintet with John Coltrane and Kenny Dorham records Hard-Driving Jazz

Drummer Idris Muhammad born 1939 in New Orleans, LA

Pianist Don Ewell born 1916 in Baltimore, MD

Guitarist Billy Bauer born 1915 in New York, NY.

Benny Carter meets Oscar Peterson recorded 1986.

Pianist/composer Thelonious Monk makes his last studio recordings with bassist Al McKibbon and drummer Art Blakey, 1971.

Drummer Gus Johnson born 1913 in Tyler, TX.

Guitarist Kevin Eubanks born 1957 in Philadelphia, PA

Composer W.C. Handy born 1873 in Muscle Shoals, AL.

Guitarist/bandleader Eddie Condon born 1905 in Goodland, IN.

Louis Armstrong records Big Butter and Egg Man 1926

Bassist/bandleader Ben Allison born 1966 in New haven, CT.

Trombonist Roswell Rudd born 1935 in Sharon, CT.

Trumpeter Doc Cheatham and pianist Sammy Price record duets, 1976.

Paul Whiteman’s Orchestra records Hoagy Carmichael’s Washboard Blues, 1927.

Trumpeter/multi-instrumentalist Don Cherry born 1936 in Oklahoma City, OK .

Tenor saxophonist John Coltrane records Alabama 1963 in reaction to the church bombings.

Drummer/bandleader Chick Webb records Don’t Be That Way, 1934.

Trombonist/bandleader Tommy Dorsey born 1905 in Shenandoah, PA.

Pianist Teddy Wilson records Pennies From Heaven with vocalist Billie Holiday and clarinetist Benny Goodman, 1936.

Trumpeter Miles Davis records arranger Gil Evans’ version of Concierto De Aranjuez, 1959.

Tenor saxophonist Don Braden born 1963 in Cincinnatti, OH.

Guitarist Skeeter Best born 1914 in Kinston, NC.

Pianist Geoff Keezer born 1970 in Eau Claire, WI.

Xylphonist/composer Red Norvo records Dance of the Octopus 1933 with Benny Goodman on bass clarinet.

Tenor saxophonist Coleman Hawkins born 1904 in St. Joseph, MO

Pianist/arranger Horace Henderson born 1904 in Cuthbert, GA .

Trombonist /arranger/composer Jimmy Knepper born 1927 in Los Angeles, CA.

Composer/author/conductor Gunther Schuller born 1925 in Jackson Heights, NY.

Bassist/composer Ray Drummond born 1946 in Brookline, MS.

Composer Johnny Mandel born 1925 in New York, NY.

Drummer Art Blakey’s Jazz Messengers record At the Café Bohemia, with trumpeter Kenny Dorham, tenor saxophonist Hank Mobley and pianist Horace Silver, 1955.

Vocalist Bessie Smith makes her last recordings, including Give Me A Pigfoot, 1933.

Organist/arranger Will Bill Davis born 1918 in Glasgow, MO.

Saxophonist/composer/arranger Al Cohn born 1925 in New York, NY.

Cornetist Nat Adderley born 1931 in Tampa, FL.

Alto saxophonist Paul Desmond born 1924 in San Francisco, CA,

Pianist/composer Willie "The Lion" Smith born 1897 in Goshen, NY

Duke Ellington records I’m Just A Lucky So-and-So, 1945.

Charlie Parker records KoKo at his first session as a leader, 1945

Louis Armstrong records After You’ve Gone, 1929.

Bandleader/composer Maria Schneider born 1960 in Windom, MN.

Violinist Eddie South born 1904 in Louisiana, MO .

Pianist Jacky Terrasson born 1966 in Berlin, Germany.

Drummer George Wettling born 1907 in Topeka, KS.

Tenor saxophonist Lester Young records The President Plays with Oscar Peterson, 1952.

Saxophonist/composer Gigi Gryce born 1927 in Pensacola, FL.

Drummer Adam Nussbaum born Nov 29, 1955 in New York, NY.

Trumpeter Lee Morgan records The Rajah, with tenor saxophonist Hank Mobley and pianist Cedar Walton, 1966.

Composer/pianist Billy Strayhorn born 1915 in Dayton, OH.

Trumpeter Jack Sheldon born 1931 in Jacksonville, FL.

Louis Armstrong records Satchmo at Symphony Hall with drummer Big Sid Catlett and trombonist Jack Teagarden, 1947.

Bunny Berigan records Bix Beiderbecke’s In A Mist, 1938.

Saxophonist Jimmy Lyons born 1933 in Jersey City, NJ.

Bassist/composer Jaco Pastorius born 1951 in Norristown, PA. and records The Birthday Concert, 1981.

Tenor saxophonist Johnny Griffin records Five Birds and a Monk with pianist Stanley Cowell, 1978.

Vocalist Sylvia Syms born 1917 in New York, NY.

Composer/arranger Eddie Sauter born 1914 in New York, NY.

Two pianists born: Wynton Kelly 1931 in Jamaica, and Ronnie Mathews 1935 in New York, NY.

Tenor saxophonist Booker Ervin records The Freedom Book with pianist Jaki Byard, 1963.

Valve Trombonist/arranger Brad Gowans born 1903 in Billerica, MA.

Alto saxophonist Benny Carter plays and sings his composition Goodbye Blues with The Chocolate Dandies, 1930.

Guitarist Jim Hall born 1930 in Buffalo, NY.

Duke Ellington records Daybreak Express, 1933.

Duke Ellington’s band historic opening at New York’s Cotton Club 1927.

Bassist Art Davis born 1934 in Harrisburg, PA

Louis Armstrong and pianist Earl Hines record their duet Weatherbird 1928

The BeBop Boys, featuring trumpeter Fats Navarro, record Nostalgia, 1947.

Guitarist Remo Palmier born 1923 in New York, NY.

Bassists Slam Stewart and Major Holley record Shut Yo’ Mouth!, 1981.

Pianist/composer Dave Brubeck born 1920 in Concord, CA.

The Casa Loma Orchestra records Casa Loma Stomp 1930

Bandleader Teddy Hill born 1909 in Birmingham, AL.

Pianist Matthew Shipp born 1960 in Wilmington, DE.

Organist Jimmy Smith born 1925 in Norristown, PA.

Louis Armstrong records That’s My Home with drummer Chick Webb’s band, 1932.

The Sound of Jazz is broadcast live, setting a standard for jazztelevisionthathasyet to be equalled. 1957

2 trumpeters born: Donald Byrd 1932 in Detroit, MI. and Jimmy Owens 1943 in New York, NY.

The John Coltrane Quartet records A Love Supreme, 1964.

Louis Armstrong records Struttin’ With Some Barbecue 1927

Trumpeter/violinist Ray Nance born 1913 in Chicago, IL.

Clarinetist Irving Fazola born 1912 in New Orleans, LA.

Bassist Bob Cranshaw born 1932 in Evanston, IL.

Duke Ellington records The Controversial Suite, 1951.

Tenor saxophonist Coleman Hawkins records Angel Face with pianist Hank Jones, 1947.

Pianist McCoy Tyner born 1938 in Philadelphia, PA.

Pianist Earl Hines records Fifty-Seven Varieties, 928.

Vocalist Frank Sinatra born in 1915 in Hoboken, NJ.

Vocalist Joe Williams born 1918 in Cordele, GA.

Drummer Tony Williams born 1945 in Chicago, IL.

Drummer Sonny Greer born 1895 in Long Beach, NJ.

Louis Armstrong records Hotter Than That 1927

Bennie Moten’s band makes its last recordings, including Moten Swing, featuring pianist Count Basie, tenor saxophonist Ben Webster, trumpeter Hot Lips Page and arranger/guitarist Eddie Durham, 1932. .

Trumpeter Clark Terry born 1920 in St. Louis, MO.

Jelly Roll Morton records King Porter Stomp 1939

Two saxophonists born: Budd Johnson 1910 in Dallas, TX., and Cecil Payne 1922 in Brooklyn, NY.

Bandleader/composer Stan Kenton born 1911 in Wichita, KS.

Drummer Dannie Richmond born 1935 in New York, NY.

Pianist Cecil Taylor and drummer Max Roach record a duo concert at Columbia University 1979

Vocalist Sarah Vaughan records You’re Not The Kind with trumpeter Clifford Brown and pianist Jimmy Jones, 1954.

Jelly Roll Morton’s Red Hot Peppers record Grandpa’s Spells 1926

Saxophonist Joe Farrell born 1937 in Chicago Heights, IL.

Pianist Bud Powell records A Portrait of Thelonious with drummer Kenny Clarke, 1961.

Alto saxophonist Charlie Parker records Crazeology with drummer Max Roach and trumpeter Miles Davis, 1947

Arranger Sy Oliver born 1910 in Battle Creek, MI.

Jimmie Lunceford records Rhythm Is Our Business 1934

Two saxophonists born: Eddie "Cleanhead" Vinson 1917 in Houston, TX., and Harold Land 1928 in Houston, TX.

Bandleader/arranger Fletcher Henderson born 1897 in Cuthbert, GA.

Drummer Lenny White born 1949 in New York, NY.

Trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie records Sonny Side Up with tenor saxophonists Sonny Rollins and Sonny Stitt, 1957.

Valve trombonist and composer Bob Brookmeyer born 1929 in Kansas City, MO.

Clarinetist Sidney Bechet records Blue Horizon 1944

Saxophonist Arne Domnerus born 1924 in Stockholm, Sweden.

Pianist Larry Willis born 1940 in New York, NY.

Drummer Panama Francis born 1918 in Miami, FL.

Ornette Coleman Double Quartet records Free Jazz 1960

Composer/conductor/cellist/trombonist David Baker born 1931 in Indianapolis. IN.

Red Onion Jazz Babies record Cake Walking Babies From Home, with trumpeter Louis Armstrong and soprano saxophonist Sidney Bechet, 1924.

Pianist Ronnie Ball born 1927 in Birmingham, England

4 bands record 1947 - Stan Kenton (Interlude), Dizzy Gillespie (Woody ’N You), Duke Ellington (On a Turquiose Cloud), and Fats Navarro/Dexter Gordon (Index).

1923 — Drummer/percussionist Joe Harris born in Pittsburgh, PA. Known as both a bop drummer and Latin percussionist, he performed at Carnegie Hall with Dizzy Gillespie and Charlie Parker (1947) and later worked with Milt Jackson, Sonny Rollins, Ella Fitzgerald, and others. His oral history is available at the National Museum of American History.

1929 — Trumpeter Chet Baker born in Yale, OK. He became very popular in the 1950s, by virtue of his boyish good looks in addition to his laid-back trumpet and vocal style. Baker performs with Gerry Mulligan on Walkin’ Shoes, included in Jazz: The Smithsonian Anthology (Smithsonian Folkways Recordings, 2011).

1930 — Trumpeter/vocalist Louis Armstrong records Sweethearts on Parade, featuring an especially soulful vocal and a virtuosic pair of trumpet choruses.

1938 — First From Spirituals to Swing concert held at Carnegie Hall. Organized by John Hammond in memory of blues singer Bessie Smith, it was one of the first times that jazz, blues, or gospel music had been presented in a formal, concert format.

1954 — The Modern Jazz Quartet records Django in Hackensack, NJ. This track, first released on the album of the same name, highlights the elements of cool jazz and Third Stream music (a blend of classical and jazz music) that the MJQ was known for performing, and is included inJazz: The Smithsonian Anthology (Smithsonian Folkways Recordings, 2011).

Coleman Hawkins records The Man I Love 1943

The first Spirituals To Swing concert is held at Carnegie Hall, 1938.

Louis Armstrong records Sweethearts on Parade 1930

Drummer Warren "Baby" Dodds born 1898 in New Orleans, LA.

Wayne Shorter records Speak No Evil 1964

Miles Davis and Thelonious Monk record Bag’s Groove 1954

Trombonist/bandleader Kid Ory born 1886 in La Place, LA.

Pianist/organist/composer Don Pullen born 1941 in Roanoke, VA.

Bandleader/singer Cab Calloway born 1907 in Rochester, NY.

Bassist Monty Budwig born Dec 26, 1929 in Pender, NE.

Tenor saxophonist John Coltrane records Do I Love You Because You’re Beautiful? With trumpeter Freddie Hubbard, 1958.

Guitarist John Scofield born 1951 in Dayton, OH.

Tenor saxophonist Ben Webster records Old Folks with alto saxophonist Benny Carter and bassist John Kirby.

Bassist/author Bill Crow born 1927 in Othello, WA.

Pianist Walter Norris born 1931 in Little Rock, AR.

Bassist/composer Charles Mingus records Changes I with trumpeter Jack Walrath, tenor saxophonist George Adams, pianist Don Pullen and drummer Dannie Richmond, 1974.

Lester Young records first session as a leader (Sometimes I’m Happy) 1943

2 pianists born: Earl Hines 1903 in Dusquesne, PA. and Michel Petrucciani 1962 in Orange, France.

Tenor saxophonist Joe Lovano born 1952 in Cleveland, OH.

Pianist Art Tatum records Without A Song, 1953.

Snub Mosely born 1909 in Little Rock, AR.

Pianist/arranger Jimmy Jones born 1918 in Memphis, TN.

Trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie records Manteca,with percussionist Chano Pozo, 1947.

George Stinney, Black Teen Executed In 1944, May Get New Trial

COLUMBIA, S.C. (AP) — Supporters of a 14-year-old black boy executed in 1944 for killing two white girls are asking a South Carolina judge to take the unheard-of move of granting him a new trial in hopes he will be cleared of the charges.

George Stinney was convicted on a shaky confession in a segregated society that wanted revenge for the beating deaths of two girls, ages 11 and 7, according to the lawsuit filed last month on Stinney's behalf in Clarendon County.

The request for a new trial has an uphill climb. The judge may refuse to hear it at all, since the punishment was already carried out. Also, South Carolina has strict rules for introducing new evidence after a trial is complete, requiring the information to have been impossible to discover before the trial and likely to change the results, said Kenneth Gaines, a professor at the University of South Carolina's law school.

"I think it's a longshot, but I admire the lawyer for trying it," Gaines said, adding that he's not aware of any other executed inmates in the state being granted a new trial posthumously.

The request for a new trial is largely symbolic, but Stinney's supporters say they would prefer exoneration to a pardon.

Stinney's case intersects some long-running disputes in the American legal system — the death penalty and race. At 14, he's the youngest person executed in the United States in past 100 years. He was electrocuted just 84 days after the girls were killed in March 1944.

The request for a new trial includes sworn statements from two of Stinney's siblings who say he was with them the entire day the girls were killed. Notes from Stinney's confession and most other information deputies and prosecutors used to convict Stinney in a one-day trial have disappeared along with any transcript of the proceedings. Only a few pages of cryptic, hand-written notes remain, according to the motion.

"Why was George Stinney electrocuted? The state can't produce any paperwork to justify why he was," said George Frierson, a local school board member who grew up in Stinney's hometown hearing stories about the case and decided six years ago to start studying it and pushing for exoneration.

The South Carolina Attorney General's Office will likely argue the other side of the case before the Clarendon County judge. A spokesman said their lawyers had not seen the motion and do not comment on pending cases. A date for a hearing on the matter has not been set.

The girls were last seen looking for wildflowers in the tiny, racially-divided mill town of Alcolu about 50 miles southeast of Columbia. Stinney's sister, who was 7 at the time, said in her new affidavit that she and her brother were letting their cow graze when the girls asked them where they could find flowers called maypops. The sister, Amie Ruffner, said her brother told them he didn't know and the girls left.

"It was strange to see them in our area, because white people stayed on their side of Alcolu and we knew our place," Ruffner wrote.

The girls never came home and hundreds of people searched for them through the night. They were found the next morning in a water-filled ditch, their heads beaten with a hard object, likely a railroad spike.

Deputies got a tip the girls had been seen talking to Stinney. They came to Stinney's home and took him away. His family wouldn't see the boy again until after his trial. Newspaper accounts suggested a lynch mob was nearly formed to attack the teen in jail.

Stinney's dad worked for the major mill in town and lived in a company house. He was ordered to leave after his son was arrested, said Stinney's brother Charles Stinney, who was 12 when his older brother was arrested. Charles Stinney's statement explains why the family didn't speak to authorities at the time.

"George's conviction and execution was something my family believed could happen to any of us in the family. Therefore, we made a decision for the safety of the family to leave it be," Charles Stinney wrote in his sworn statement.

Charles Stinney said he remembered the events vividly because "for my family, Friday, March 24, 1944, and the events that followed were our personal 9/11."

Both statements were made in 2009. Lawyer Steve McKenzie said he planned to file the request for a new trial then, but heard from a man in Tennessee who claimed his grandfather was with George Stinney the day of the killings. McKenzie thought the information from someone not related to Stinney would be especially powerful, but the person suddenly stopped cooperating after stringing the lawyers along for years.

The request for a new trial points out that at 95 pounds, Stinney likely couldn't have killed the girls and dragged them to the ditch.

The motion also hints at community rumors of a deathbed confession from a white man several years ago and the possibility Stinney either confessed because his family was threatened or he was given ice cream. But the court papers provide little information and the lawyers also wouldn't elaborate.

At 14, Stinney was the youngest person executed in this country in the past 100 years, according to statistics gathered by the Death Penalty Information Center.

Newspaper stories from his execution had witnesses saying the straps to keep him in the electric chair didn't fit around his small frame and an electrode was too big for his leg.

Executing teens wasn't uncommon at that time. Florida put a 16-year-old boy to death for rape in 1944 and Mississippi, Nevada, Ohio and Texas executed 17-year-olds that year.

Lawyers also filed a request for to pardon Stinney before the state Department of Probation, Parole and Pardon Services in case the new trial is not granted.

There is precedent for that. In 2009, two great-uncles of syndicated radio host Tom Joyner were pardoned by the board nearly 100 years after they were sent to the electric chair in the death of a Confederate Army veteran. Joyner's lawyers showed evidence the men were framed by a small-time criminal who took a plea deal that saved his life and testified against them.

But Frierson said a pardon would be little comfort to him in the Stinney case. "The first step in a pardon is to admit you are wrong and ask for forgiveness. This boy did nothing wrong," Frierson said.

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The Searls Historical Library

Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad Museum

Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad Museum

Open 1pm - 4pm, Monday - Saturday

The archive of the Nevada County Historical Society. Established in 1973, the Searls Historical Library has become one of the premier libraries of materials on the area's history. more

Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad Museum

Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad Museum

Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad Museum

Open 10am - 4pm, Friday - Tuesday

Located in Nevada City, California, the Narrow Gauge Railroad Museum is dedicated to the preservation of local transportation history and artifacts from the narrow gauge railroad era. more

Firehouse No. 1 Museum

North Star Mining Museum

North Star Mining Museum

Open 1pm - 4pm, Wednesday - Sunday

Completed in the Spring of 1861, the Firehouse No. 1 Museum was home to Nevada Hose Company No.1 from 1861 to 1938. During those nearly 80 years, horse -drawn fire wagons and handcarts. more

North Star Mining Museum

North Star Mining Museum

North Star Mining Museum

Open 12pm - 4pm, Wednesday - Sunday

Intimately connected with the many aspects of gold mining in Nevada County, California, the North Star Mining Museum includes exhibits of mining artifacts, pelton wheels, a working Stamp Mill and. more

Academic Books, Articles and Law Reviews

Epstein, Lee and Thomas G. Walker. 2016. Constitutional Law for a Changing America: Rights, Liberties, and Justice, 9th Edition. Washington, D.C.: CQ Press.

Minami, Dale, Serrano K. Susan. “Korematsu v. United States: A Constant Caution a Time of Crisis.” Asian American Law Journal. Volume 10 Issue 1. Jan. 2003.

Rountree, Clarke. “Instantiating “the law” and its dissents in Korematsu v. United States: A dramatistic analysis of judicial discourse.” Quarterly Journal of Speech, 87:1, 1-24.

Watch the video: GEORGE LUCAS - 14 May 1944