Titanic's Musicians

Titanic's Musicians


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My Heart Will Go On

"My Heart Will Go On" is a song recorded by Canadian singer Celine Dion. The song serves as the main soundtrack to James Cameron's blockbuster film Titanic, based on an account of the transatlantic ocean liner of the same name which sank in 1912 after colliding with an iceberg in the North Atlantic Ocean. The song's music was composed by James Horner, its lyrics were written by Will Jennings, while the production was handled by Walter Afanasieff, Horner and Simon Franglen. [1] [2]

Released as a single from Dion's fifth English-language studio album, Let's Talk About Love (1997), and the film's soundtrack, the love power ballad peaked at the top of the RPM Top Singles Chart. Outside Canada, "My Heart Will Go On" became a global hit, topping the charts in over twenty countries, including Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, the Republic of Ireland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

"My Heart Will Go On" is considered to be Dion's signature song. [3] With worldwide sales estimated at over 18 million copies, it is one of the best-selling singles of all time and became the second-best-selling single by a female artist in history. [4] It was also included in the list of Songs of the Century by the Recording Industry Association of America and the National Endowment for the Arts. The music video was directed by Bille Woodruff and released at the end of 1997. Dion performed the song to honour the 20th anniversary of the film at the 2017 Billboard Music Awards on May 21, 2017. [5]


Last Song on the Titanic

Claim: The last piece played by the Titanic‘s musicians was “Nearer My God to Thee.”


Status: Undetermined.

Origins: The final moments of the Titanic produced many stirring tales of bravery and heroism: officers who stayed on deck to load and launch lifeboats until all the boats were safely away, engine room crew who worked away well below decks to keep power and

lights running as long as possible, wireless operators who remained at their posts even after the captain released them from duty, and passengers who stood aside so that others might have their seats in the too-few lifeboats. All these people gallantly risked their lives so that others might have a better chance of survival not because they had to, but because they felt it was their duty.

One of most compelling of these tales of self-sacrifice is that of the Titanic‘s band. They weren’t part of the ship’s crew (although they nominally signed ship’s orders, they were carried as passengers), and they weren’t needed to keep the power running or to load the lifeboats likely no one would have protested if they had sought places in lifeboats. Instead, of their own volition, they stayed with the ship until the very end, steadfastly playing light, airy music to help keep passengers calm while the available lifeboats were loaded.

of the gallant band members survived the sinking, but their memories are sure to survive as long as the Titanic is a subject of interest, for one of the endlessly debated pieces of Titanic minutiae concerns the identity of the final song played by the band just before the ship began its final plunge beneath the waves. Part of the fascination with this subject undoubtedly stems from the fact that the question is ultimately unanswerable, since none of the band members lived to talk, and accounts from surviving passengers and crew members are unreliable and contradictory. With no other evidence available to us, the identity of that final song will remain an eternal mystery.

Many different tunes have been put forth as the final song, but for now we’ll focus on the only two that have any real weight of evidence behind them: “Nearer, My God, to Thee” and “Autumn.” The primary (and only) evidence for latter comes from an interview given to The New York Times by Harold Bride, the Titanic‘s junior wireless operator, immediately upon his arrival in New York aboard the rescue ship Carpathia:

Our captain had left us at this time, and Phillips told me to run and tell him what the Carpathia had answered. I did so, and I went through an awful mass of people to his cabin. The decks were full of scrambling men and women.

I went to my cabin and dressed.

Every few minutes Phillips would send me to the Captain with little I noticed as I came back from one trip that they were putting off women and children in lifeboats.

I went out on deck and looked around. The water was pretty close up to the boat deck.

I thought it was time to look about and see if there was anything detached that would float. I remembered [my lifebelt] under my bunk. I went and got it.

I saw a collapsible boat near a funnel and went over to it.

I looked out. The boat deck was awash.

From aft came the tunes of the band. It was a rag-time tune, I don’t know what. Then there was “Autumn.” Phillips ran aft, and that was the last I ever saw of him alive.

I went to the place I had seen the collapsible boat on the boat deck, and to my surprise I saw the boat and the men still trying to push it off. I guess there wasn’t a sailor in the crowd. They couldn’t do it. I went up to them and was just lending a hand when a large wave came awash of the deck.

The big wave carried the boat off. I had hold of an oarlock, and I went off with it.

Smoke and sparks were rushing out of her funnel. There must have been an explosion, but we had heard none. We only saw the big stream of sparks. The ship was gradually turning on her nose — just like a duck does that goes down for a dive. I had only one thing on my mind — to get away from the suction. The band was still playing. I guess all of the band went down.

They were playing “Autumn” then. I swam with all my might. I suppose I was away when the Titanic on her nose, with her afterquarter sticking up in the air, began to settle — slowly.

The way the band kept playing was a noble thing. I heard it first while still we were working wireless, when there was a ragtime tune for us, and the last I saw of the band, when I was floating out in the sea with my lifebeltt on, it was still on deck playing “Autumn.” How they ever did it I cannot imagine.

In brief, Bride should be considered a credible witness because:


    He was not an excited, wild-eyed passenger, but a professional whose job required intense concentration and attention to detail and who remained at his post (at the risk of his life) even after being released from duty by the captain.


When Music Met Doom

When the Titanic collided with an iceberg in the early morning hours of April 15, 1912, Hartley gathered his orchestra who bravely made their way to the boat’s main deck to serenade the panic stricken passengers.

Even as the ship split in half plumbing into the Atlantic, the band continued to played in an attempt to keep the men, women, and children calm as those around them were swept violently into the waters below. The eerie scene of an orchestra calmly playing to hysterical crowds is one of the most chilling moments in the narrative of the ship’s last hours.

“They kept it up to the very end. Only the engulfing ocean had power to drown them into silence. The band was playing ‘Nearer, My God, to Thee.’ I could hear it distinctly. The end was very close.” Charlotte Collyer, Survivor of the Titanic

Although all eight band members met their end in the deadly Atlantic waters that night, their bravery, dedication, and ultimate sacrifice they made for their music will continue to stand out in the narrative of the ship’s tragic tale.


Preserving The Titanic's History

Gregg DeGuire/WireImage Even though thousands of Titanic artifacts have been retrieved in recent decades, much of the wreckage still sits at the bottom of the sea.

Many artifacts have been recovered from the wreckage but countless items from the Titanic tragedy are still sitting at the bottom of the sea, slowly deteriorating from corrosion, oceanic eddies, and undercurrents.

However, the RMS Titanic, Inc.'s announcement of its plans to conduct more explorations — including the intent to retrieve the ship's iconic radio equipment — sparked a backlash.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration argued in court documents that the radio equipment may be surrounded "by the mortal remains of more than 1,500 people," and therefore should be left alone.

But in May 2020, U.S. District Judge Rebecca Beach Smith ruled that RMS Titanic, Inc. has the right to retrieve the radio, citing its historic and cultural importance along with the fact that it may soon disappear.

However, the U.S. government filed a legal challenge in June, claiming that this plan would violate federal law and a pact with Britain that recognizes the wreck as a memorial site.

While there is an argument to be made that the deterioration of the submerged Titanic artifacts may be a good enough reason to continue retrievals from the site, some historians remain opposed to the radio rescue.

No matter how the story ends, there's no denying that there is still a field full of the Titanic's untouched history under the sea.

Now that you've seen some of the most heartbreaking Titanic artifacts, read about the study that suggests that the Titanic's downfall may have been caused by the Northern Lights. Then, learn about the plans for the Titanic 2, a replica ship funded by a billionaire.


Titanic's Musicians - History

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Captain Edward J. Smith (right) and Purser Hugh Walter McElroy stand aboard the Titanic as it travels between Southampton, England and Queenstown, Ireland, just one day into its voyage — and three days before it would sink. Circa April 10-11, 1912.

The man who took this photograph, Rev. F.M. Browne, got off at Queenstown. Both Smith and McElroy died in the Titanic sinking. Ralph White/CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images

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The winter of 1911-1912 had been a mild one. Higher-than-usual temperatures in the North Atlantic had caused more icebergs to drift off the west coast of Greenland than at any point in the previous 50 years.

And if not for that one anomalously warm winter, perhaps the Titanic might never have had any iceberg to hit.

In fact, there may be no tragedy in history more suited to the "what if?" parlor game than the sinking of the Titanic.

What if one nearby ship's radio warning of icebergs in the area had actually reached the Titanic instead of failing to transmit for reasons that still remain unclear?

What if the radio aboard the Titanic hadn't temporarily broken down the day before the disaster, causing radio operators to work through such a backlog of outgoing messages that they had no time to listen to yet another nearby ship's warning of ice in the area on the night of the wreck?

What if there'd been no mix-up back at port in England and the ship's lookouts had actually been given the binoculars that they should have received?

What if First Officer William Murdoch had tried simply turning away from the iceberg instead of attempting the more complex port around maneuver in which he tried to turn sharply to one side to clear the bow from danger and then immediately turn back the other way to clear the stern?

What if the Titanic had carried its full capacity of 64 lifeboats instead of the mere 20 that it was carrying?

Just days before the ship hit the iceberg and all of these "what if? scenarios became the stuff of tragedy, passengers were photographed on deck strolling by these very lifeboats, completely unaware that they'd soon have to be put to use.

And beyond this one haunting photo, there exist dozens of poignant Titanic sinking photos that capture the tragic ignorance of the crew and passengers who had no idea that the "unsinkable" ship was about to go down.

See some of these photos — and photos of what came immediately after — in the gallery above.

After viewing this collection of Titanic sinking photos, see 28 other Titanic photos that we promise you've never seen before. Then, discover Titanic facts that are sure to surprise you. Finally, learn more about the story of when the Titanic sank.


History [ edit | edit source ]

On Wednesday April 10th, 1912, the band would set up in the 1st-Class Reception Room on D-Deck at 11:30 am and play for boarding 1st-Class passengers. Each passenger was issued a White Star Line request booklet to request a song at any time. They would simply call out the number they would want to hear and the band would respond to the request. The White Star Line Songbook consisted of the following:

  • 01-15: Overtures (Italian and French)
  • 16-80: Selections from popular Operas and Operettas (Italian and French some English)
  • 81-99: Suites and Fantasias
  • National Anthems, Hymns, &c., of all Nations
  • 100-148: Waltzes
  • Josef Gung'l waltzes, Johann Strauss II waltzes & Emil Waldtufel waltzes
  • 149-156: Sacred Music
  • 157-279: Entr'actes and Intermezzos
  • 280-352: Ragtime, Cakewalks, Marche
  • Waldtufel Polkas r

eThe band's schedule on the Olympic might have been similar, the band could play past the scheduled times if desired:

  • 10:00am-11:00am = Aft 2nd-Class Entrance, C-Deck
  • 11:00am-12:00pm = 1st-Class Grand Staircase, Boat Deck
  • 4:00pm-5:00pm = 1st-Class Reception Room, D-Deck
  • 8:00pm-9:15pm = 1st-Class Reception Room, D-Deck
  • 9:15pm-10:15pm = Aft 2nd-Class Entrance, C-Deck
  • 10:15pm-11:00pm = 1st-Class Reception Room, D-Deck

The string trio, which played outside the Café Parisien and in the corridor leading to the Restaurant had a permanent location and a separate schedule with its own repertoire. Playing mostly French melodies to blend in with the French atmosphere of the A La Carte Restaurant, the atmosphere would have been refined enough for Titanic's highest paying passengers.

  • 11am-1pm for background music and Luncheon
  • 4pm-6pm for Afternoon Tea in the Restaurant Reception Room
  • 8pm-? After Dinner

It is quite possible the string trio could have played in the restaurant reception room as the disaster progressed.

QUINTET PERFORMANCE HISTORY

During the day, the quintet played in both 2nd-Class and in 1st-Class venues such as the 1st-Class Dining saloon, The 2nd-Class Entrance on C-Deck, or the 1st-class D-Deck Reception Room. They would play Overtures during Afternoon Tea from 4:00 pm-5:00 pm in the 1st-Class Reception Room on D-Deck. In the evening, they performed in the Reception Room again and held a concert from 8:00 pm-9:15 pm. They would then return to 2nd-Class and perform until 10:15 pm thus returning to 1st-Class for an encore performance ending at 11:00 pm. On the morning of Monday, April 15th, 1912, they played Ragtime numbers first in the 1st-Class Lounge to keep people calm. Then they played around the Grand Piano on the Boat Deck level of the Grand Staircase before the request of the captain, they came out on the deck outside the 1st-Class Entrance on the port side and played waltzes, ragtime, popular songs, marches and hymns to avoid the panic rising. But no one listened to them, so they continued to play to "keep warm." Their final score is interpreted Nearer My God to thee though some say different. They all perished in the sinking.

After the Titanic hit an iceberg and began to sink, Wallace Hartley and his fellow band members started playing music to help keep the passengers calm as the crew loaded the lifeboats. Many of the survivors said that he and the band continued to play until the very end. None of the band members survived the sinking and the story of them playing to the end became a popular legend. One survivor who clambered aboard 'Collapsible A' claimed to have seen Hartley and his band standing just behind the first funnel, by the Grand Staircase. He went on to say that he saw three of them washed off while the other five held on to the railing on top the Grand Staircase's deckhouse, only to be dragged down with the bow, just before Hartley exclaimed, "Gentlemen, I bid you farewell!" A newspaper at the time reported "the part played by the orchestra on board the Titanic in her last dreadful moments will rank among the noblest in the annals of heroism at sea."

Though the final song played by the band is unknown, "Nearer, My God, to Thee" has gained popular acceptance. This song comes in three main versions (and five other alternate versions): the American version ("Bethany" used in the 1943 film Titanic, the Jean Negulesco's 1953 film Titanic and James Cameron's 1997 Titanic.), the British version ("Horbury" version was played in Roy Ward Baker's 1958 movie about the sinking, A Night to Remember) and the British Methodist version ("Propior Deo" currently not yet played in any Titanic movie to this date).

Sometime around 2:05-2:10 AM as the Titanic began its last plunge into the icy North Atlantic, the sounds of ragtime, familiar dance tunes and popular waltzes that had floated reassuringly across her decks suddenly stopped as Bandmaster Wallace Hartley tapped his bow against his violin. Hartley and his musicians, some of them wearing their lifebelts now, were standing back at the base of the second funnel, on the roof of the First Class Lounge, where they had been playing for the better part of an hour.

There were a few moments of silence, then the solemn strains of a hymn began drifting across the water. It was with a perhaps unintended irony that Hartley chose a hymn that pleaded for the mercy of the Almighty, as the ultimate material conceit of the Edwardian Age, the ship that “God Himself couldn't sink,” foundered beneath his feet. As the band played, the slant of the deck grew steeper, while from within the hull came a rapidly increasing number of thuds, bangs and crashes as interior furnishings broke loose, walls and partitions collapsed–the Titanic was only three minutes from breaking apart, then the entire band was washed away by a sudden wave.

At first, it was said that the last music played by the Titanic‘s band was either the Episcopalian hymn “Autumn” or the popular waltz “Songe d’Automne.” However, the evidence for this rested solely on the uncorroborated testimony of wireless officer Harold Bride, who told a reporter for the New York Times that the last song he remembered the band playing was called “Autumn.” This is a brief part of his testimony:

“From aft came the tunes of the band. It was a rag-time tune, I don’t know what. Then there was “Autumn”…The big wave carried the boat off. I had hold of an oarlock, and I went off with it…The ship was gradually turning on her nose—just like a duck does that go down for a dive. I had only one thing on my mind—to get away from the suction. The band was still playing. I guess all the band went down. They were playing “Autumn” then…The way the band kept playing was a noble thing. I heard it while still we were working wireless,when there was a ragtime tune for us, and the last I saw of the band, when I was floating out in the sea with my lifebelt on, it was still on deck playing “Autumn.” How they ever did I cannot imagine."

Bride, though, was the only person with that recollection, he only mentioned it once, and he never specified if he meant the hymn or the waltz. Moreover, despite the credence given to him by some later historians, Bride was never the most reliable or consistent witness, and here his “memories” have to be taken with a rather large grain of salt. Tellingly, neither piece of “Autumn” music, the hymn or the popular waltz, is listed in the White Star Line’s music book for 1912. Also significant is that the hymn is not called “Autumn,” only the melody (much like the melody of the hymn “O God, Our Help in Ages Past” is known as “St. Anne’s”), and usually only a professional musician will refer to a piece of music that way–certainly not an 18-year old wireless operator. So without some sort of supporting or collaborating evidence, any piece of music named “Autumn” can be dismissed as the Titanic‘s orchestra’s last musical performance.

A very strong case can be made, however for “Nearer, My God, to Thee,” which legend has always said was the last music played aboard the Titanic. It is commonly believed to be the last song because there are a number of accounts of survivors who recalled hearing the hymn “Nearer, My God, to Thee,” and therein lies a tale. Commentators who have rigidly committed to the “‘Autumn theory’” are quick to point out that there are two melodies associated with “Nearer My God to Thee” one (“Bethany”) is American, the other (“Horbury”) is British, the two sound distinctly different from each other and are impossible to confuse–yet both American and British survivors claimed to have heard “Nearer My God to Thee” being played by the ship’s orchestra. What those same commentators fail to mention is that there is a third melody for “Nearer My God to Thee,” called “Propior Deo,” composed by Sir Arthur Sullivan, and it is here that the mystery of the last music played by Wallace Hartley and his fellow musicians finally begin to unravel itself. The melody “Propior Deo” would have been well known to the British passengers aboard the Titanic, and in passages it sounds very similar to “Bethany”–and nothing at all like “Horbury.” In the noise and confusion of the night, it would hardly be surprising if both Americans and Britons, hearing only snatches of music, would both believe that they were hearing the version of “Nearer, My God, to Thee” with which they were most familiar. All the members of the Titanic's band, save for one French member, were British. Thus the American version is out of the question. The leader of the band, Wallace Hartley, was a Methodist, and so was yet another member of the band. And so the possible versions of "Nearer My God To Thee" that could have been played that night are the British and the British Methodist versions.

Moreover, “Nearer My God to Thee” was known to be a favorite of Hartley’s–who was also a friend of Sir Arthur Sullivan and who liked Sullivan’s music–and it was the hymn played at the graveside of all deceased members of the Musician’s Union. Perhaps most convincing of all is a report in the Daily Sketch on April 22, 1912, where a colleague of Hartley’s recalled how some years earlier, while working aboard the Mauretania, he asked Hartley what he would do if he found himself on the deck of a sinking ship. Hartley replied that he would assemble the ship’s orchestra and play “O God Our Help in Ages Past” or “Nearer, My God, to Thee.” Somehow, taken all together, “Nearer, My God, to Thee” seems definitive enough.


"Nearer, My God, to Thee”: The History and Lyrics

Sarah Flower Adams was a British actress who received praise for her performance in an 1837 production of Shakespeare’s Macbeth. After health problems disrupted her plans to continue with theater, she found comfort in writing poems and hymns.

Her most notable hymn, “Nearer, My God, to Thee,” came about in 1841 when Adam’s pastor was looking for a hymn for the following week’s sermon on Genesis 28:11-19, which is referred to by many as “Jacob’s ladder,” or “Jacob’s dream.” Adams offered to write the hymn and completed it within a week to go along with the pastor’s sermon. The hymn was originally set to music written by her sister, Eliza Flower, but another hymn-tune called “BETHANY,” written by Lowell Mason in 1856, has become most widely recognized and is most familiar to listeners today.

In the video above, the Mormon Tabernacle Choir and Orchestra at Temple Square performed an Arthur Harris arrangement of "Nearer, My God, to Thee” for their weekly broadcast, Music & the Spoken Word. The performance captures the solemn tone of the hymn while showcasing the beauty and strength of the 360-member Choir.

Since the music and text were paired together, the hymn has been featured in many television shows and movies. Perhaps the most famous is 1997’s Titanic, in a scene that is said to mirror the actual event of the ship's band playing “Nearer, My God, to Thee,” while the Titanic was sinking.

More recently, Brigham Young University’s a cappella group Vocal Point, who also competed on NBC’s The Sing Off, recorded a new arrangement of “Nearer, My God, to Thee,” providing a new emotion to the cherished hymn. Watch Vocal Point's YouTube video below.

"Nearer, My God, to Thee" - Lyrics to the Choir’s video (above):

Nearer, my God, to thee, nearer to thee!

E'en though it be a cross that raiseth me.

Still all my song shall be, nearer, my God, to thee,

Nearer, my God, to thee, nearer to thee!

Still all my song shall be, nearer, my God, to thee,

Nearer, my God, to thee, nearer to thee!

"Nearer, My God, to Thee" - Complete three verse lyrics as commonly seen in hymnbooks

Nearer, my God, to thee, nearer to thee!

E'en though it be a cross that raiseth me.

Still all my song shall be, nearer, my God, to thee,

Nearer, my God, to thee, nearer to thee!

Though like the wanderer, the sun gone down,

Darkness be over me, my rest a stone,

Yet in my dreams I'd be, nearer, my God, to thee,

Nearer, my God, to thee, nearer to thee!

There let the way appear, steps unto heav'n

All that thou sendest me, in mercy giv'n

Angels to beckon me, nearer, my God, to thee,

Nearer, my God, to thee, nearer to thee!

Follow us for more insights on songs and performances by the Choir:


13 Surprising Artifacts Found in the Titanic Wreckage

Here's a glimpse into the lives of those aboard the ill-fated ship.

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Though the RMS Titanic sank on April 14, 1912, the remains of the doomed ship weren't discovered until 1985 on the bottom of the ocean floor off the coast of Newfoundland. And while much of the ship had naturally perished sitting under the sea for decades, divers were still able to rescue and preserve plenty of amazing items. Wonder what surprising artifacts survived the Titanic wreckage? Well, to quote Britney Spears' discography, "[We] went down and got it for you." And for more interesting tidbits about the Hollywood portrayal of Titanic, check out the 20 Facts "Titanic" Gets Wrong.

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A battered pair of white cotton gloves were one of the artifacts found in the Titanic wreckage, and they have since been dubbed some of the "rarest Titanic artifacts ever recovered," according to USA Today. The gloves have been put on display in various Titanic exhibitions since they were found, but in 2016, they were returned to a conservation facility for permanent retirement.

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While an old violin being found among the wreckage of the Titanic isn't necessarily shocking, its backstory is. According to CNN, the decaying violin was the very one that bandleader Wallace Hartley used to play "Nearer, My God, to Thee" as the ship sank. It sold for $1.7 million during a U.K. auction in 2013. And for more on things of the past that we've lost, here are 45 Historical Sites That No Longer Exist.

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The bell from the crow's nests of the Titanic was recovered in the 1985 expedition and is currently a collection piece on display at the Titanic Museum in Massachusetts. It's the same bell that was rung three times by lookout Frederick Fleet in an attempt to warn the ship that an iceberg was ahead.

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A menu of the last meal served on the Titanic to first-class passengers was auctioned off in 2012, selling for $83,000, according to the BBC. The meal was served the same day the ship crashed into the glacier, and it featured several courses including "eggs Argenteuil, consomme fermier, and chicken a la Maryland." And for some valuable things you might own, check out the 27 Hidden Treasures That Could Be in Your Attic Right Now.

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Despite being submerged in the ocean for 73 years, divers recovered a piece of sheet music for the song "Put Your Arms Around Me, Honey" from the 1910 Broadway production of Madame Sherry. It was played by the doomed musicians on the sinking ship, according to the Dothan Eagle.

Since being discovered, the artifact has been on display at several Titanic exhibits, most recently in Atlanta, Georgia.

Also surviving the wreckage was a letter penned by first-class passenger Oskar Holverson. Written to his mother the day before the ship sank, the letter was found folded up in a notebook in Holverson's pocket.

"It is the only letter written on Titanic stationery to have actually survived going into the North Atlantic," Andrew Aldridge, an auctioneer and valuer at the U.K. auction house Henry Aldridge and Son, told History. In 2014, the auction house sold the Titanic artifact for $166,000.

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The pocket watch of one of the ship's victims was another artifact found in the Titanic wreckage. As reported by The Telegraph, the rusty watch was owned by passenger John Chapman, who was traveling with his wife, Lizzie. What makes this so unique is the fact that it's literally frozen in time. The watch is stuck at 1:45 a.m., which is around the time the ship became submerged under water.

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A floor-length beaver fur coat found in the Titanic wreckage was worn by first-class stewardess Mabel Bennett, who, according to The Telegraph, was given the coat to wear after she was found waiting for a lifeboat clad in only a nightgown. As one of the only fully intact pieces of clothing to survive the shipwreck, it sold at auction for around $165,000 in 2017.

Bennett, who was 33 when the ship sank, survived that night. She later died at 96 in 1974, making her the longest living female member of the Titanic crew.

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One bronze cherub statue, a decoration from the upper landing of the Titanic's grand staircase, was also recovered in 1985. However, the statue is missing its left foot, likely due to the fact that it was ripped from its post as the ship sank. And if you think you know a lot about famous statues, find out if you can Guess Your State Based on This One Famous Statue.

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These keys recovered from the wreckage aren't just any old keys. They were used by crewman Samuel Hemming during the sinking of the ship to unlock a door, behind which a stock of lifeboat lanterns were waiting.

"The keys themselves played a part in the story as they were actually used in those last desperate hours," Aldridge told The Irish Times. "This is because Mr. Hemming received a personal order from Captain Edward J. Smith as the ship was sinking and it became apparent all was lost to ensure all of the lifeboats were provided with lamps."

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Another piece of clothing recovered from the wreckage was the vest of William Henry Allen, a third-class passenger on the ship. The black wool vest was sold in a collection by Guernsey's Auctioneers in 2012, nearly a century after the tragedy occurred.

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Out of the wreckage of the Titanic also came a woman's 15-karat rose gold and silver bracelet with the name Amy encrusted in diamonds. In her 1998 book Titanic: Women and Children First, Judith Geller, former director of merchandising for the Titanic exhibition, suggests that it might have belonged to Amy Stanley, a third-class passenger and one of the only Amys on board.

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When German-born chemist Adolphe Saalfeld boarded the Titanic, he did so with a satchel full of various perfume bottle samples—all of which were found in the ship's wreckage. Saalfeld, a first-class passenger, had intended to open his own fragrance shop in America—a dream he sadly never realized.


Titanic

Among so many other great landmarks in the history of rock & roll, the late ‘60s witnessed numerous technological advances when it came to recording and performing equipment, and, thanks in no small part to the emergence of Marshall amplifiers, the decade also gave rise to the era of hard rock and heavy metal. Power trios such as Cream, the Jimi Hendrix Experience, and the deafening Blue Cheer provided the initial thrust, but once the subsequent holy trinity of Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple, and Black Sabbath burst onto the scene, the hard rock virus really spread like a plague across the globe -- even into distant, chilly, staid Norway, from whence came the aptly named Titanic.

Founded in Oslo in 1969, Titanic was initially comprised of guitarist Janne Løseth, organist and bassist Kenny Aas, drummer John Lorck, and percussionist Kjell Asperud. But then, in a trend soon to be followed by a number of German heavy rock combos such as Lucifer's Friend, Blackwater Park, and Epitaph, Titanic hired a British-born singer and lyricist -- one Roy Robinson -- in an effort to raise their international prospects. The ploy worked well enough for Titanic to be offered a deal by the French office of Columbia Records, which duly released the band's eponymous debut later that same year, and later booked them to perform at the Cannes Film Festival's gala screening of the Woodstock motion picture. The members of Titanic then decided to switch their base of operations to the south of France, and perhaps it was the change of environment that helped broaden the band's musical horizons, leading to the incremental classical, jazz, and Latin music influences found on the band's 1971 sophomore album, Sea Wolf. In fact, its biggest single, "Sultana," openly referenced Santana and would go on to chart at number five in the U.K., paving the way for later experiments in this style like 1974's Brazilian music-inspired "Macumba" single. However, Titanic had failed to repeat their prior chart success in the interim, despite a strong showing on 1973's critically acclaimed, once again quite eclectic Eagle Rock (featuring new keyboardist Helge Groslie and bassist Arica Siggs), and appeared to be in creative decline by the release of 1975's surprisingly mellow Ballad of a Rock ‘n' Roll Loser -- their final effort for Columbia.

Titanic would nevertheless soldier on amidst occasional lineup changes and diminishing success throughout the rest of the decade, releasing a couple more albums -- 1977's Return of Drakkar and 1979's Eye of the Hurricane -- on independent labels, but ultimately falling into forgetfulness. Except for dedicated heavy rock fans, of course, who still rate the band's first efforts among the finest examples of proto-metal and heavy prog to emerge off the mainstream beaten path.


Shame on you for not dying

We'd all love to be able to say for sure what we'd have done if we were onboard the Titanic, but the truth is that none of us can ever really know whether we would be heroes or cowards. Human beings are programmed with a survival instinct — some of us may be able to overcome it, while others may be at its mercy. Still, even today human beings are often judged for what they did or did not do during a crisis. Did they run or did they help others? Sometimes those decisions, which are usually based entirely on instinct, can follow you for the rest of your life, and that's even true if circumstances largely dictated your actions.

According to the Vintage News, Masabumi Hosono was the only Japanese survivor of the Titanic, and because of that he was branded as a coward for the rest of his life. Really, though, the poor dude was just in the right place at the right time. He boarded the lifeboat simply because there were no women and children waiting in line.

Honor, duty, and shame play important roles in the Japanese culture, and when Hosono returned home he wasn't hailed as a hero but as a coward. The shame followed him the rest of his life and even beyond the grave, to the point where his family was still trying to clear his name long after his death.


Watch the video: Titanic True Stories - The Musicians


Comments:

  1. Kavan

    Interesting, but still I would like to know more about this. Liked the article! :-)

  2. Tebei

    Certainly. I join told all above. Let's discuss this question. Here or in PM.

  3. Emilio

    At me a similar situation.Is ready to help.

  4. Gabhan

    Bravo, excellent thinking

  5. Seraphim

    SPSB



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