Mercury (Deity) Timeline

Mercury (Deity) Timeline



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Hermes

The Gods work in mysterious ways. but sometimes they just gotta get the message across pretty bluntly. So, in absence of some kind of Olympus Email, Facebook or Twitter, who are they gonna call but the chief messenger! In Greek mythology, that was Hermes. In later years, the Romans called that god Mercury. As a god, he was the swiftest--nobody could get there faster than Hermes. When the planets were given names related to the gods, back in the ancient days of Greek astronomy, the fastest planet was named for the winged one.


History Of Mercury Use in Products and Processes

In preparing this blog post, we used information from Brooks’s 2012 chapter in Mercury in the Environment and Nriagu’s 1979 The Biogeochemistry of Mercury in the Environment, unless otherwise noted.

As with most elements, there is a fixed amount of mercury on the planet. This mercury cycles through the deep earth, the atmosphere, the terrestrial reservoir, and various water bodies on timescales that vary from less than a year to tens of thousands of years. Toxicity aside, mercury has many chemical properties that make it useful to humans. Thus, there is evidence that mercury has been utilized throughout antiquity. A human skeleton dating from 5000BCE was found covered in vermillion, also known as cinnabar (HgS). Another historic example of mercury use was found in a 15 th century BCE Egyptian tomb ceremonial cup.

Humans have been mining mercury ore from the deep earth (the “lithosphere”) since at least the Roman times. The Romans operated a mercury mine in Spain with prisoner and slave labor. They used mercury as a pigment in their paint mercury-containing paint has been found in Roman homes buried by the volcanic ash of Mount Vesuvius in 79CE. The use of mercury in paint has continued into the modern area, although in recent history, mercury was added as a fungicide rather than for its chromatic properties. It wasn’t until 1991 that the use of mercury in paint was phased out in the US.

Aristotle is credited with the oldest known written record of mercury (in an academic text dating back to sometime during the 4 th century BCE), in which he referred to it as “fluid silver” and “quicksilver.” This academic text conveyed what alchemists of his day believed: that mercury was the component in all metals that gave them their “metal-ness.” At that time, it was used in ceremonies and to treat skin disorders. In India and China, it was used as an aphrodisiac and for medical therapy circa 500 BCE. Chinese woman are reported to have consumed mercury as a contraceptive 4,000 years ago. Cinnabar is still used as a sedative in traditional Chinese medicine.

By 1000 CE, mercury was used to extract gold by amalgamation. The mercury surrounds the gold, forming shiny pellets that workers then burn. The mercury evaporates, leaving the purified gold. This process is still practiced by artisanal small-scale gold mining operations today, exposing over 10 million of workers to the toxic element and releasing between 650-1000 tonnes of mercury per year into the environment.

Mercury was used in scientific research largely as a result of Torricelli’s 1643 invention of the barometer and Fahrenheit’s 1720 invention of the mercury thermometer. While thermometers in the health care sector are no longer made with mercury, China still produces several measurement devices, such as blood-pressure meters, that contain mercury.

During the Industrial Revolution, various inventions increased the demand for mercury. In 1799, mercury fulminate was first used as a detonator for explosives. In 1835, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) was first produced, the original synthesis of which relied on mercury as a catalyst. In 1891, Thomas Edison’s incandescent lamp contained mercury (to this day compact fluorescent light bulbs have mercury added to them.) In 1894, H.Y. Castner discovered that mercury could be used in the chlor-alkali process to produce chlorine and caustic soda. And during WWII, the Ruben-Mallory battery (mercury dry-cell battery) was invented and widely used.

By the early 1900s, the main uses of mercury were in making scientific equipment, recovering gold and silver, manufacturing fulminate and vermilion, and felt-making. Of note, individuals who made felt hats displayed signs of dementia as a result of mercury poisoning. These “Mad Hatters” were referred to by Lewis Carroll in his book Alice in Wonderland.

By the 1960s, the production of electrical apparati, caustic soda, and chlorine accounted for over 50% of mercury uses. Caustic soda is largely associated with the paper industry it is used to achieve whiter paper. With the exception of manufactures in China, chlor-alkali production has now shifted to a non-mercury method. However, the chlor-alkali industry still accounts for 1% of total mercury emissions to the atmosphere and potentially a much larger contribution to water and land releases.

Before 1850, the world’s supply of usable mercury was extracted from three mines located in Almaden, Spain (dating back to the Romans times) Idria, Slovenia and Santa Barbara, Peru (which the Spanish controlled during colonial times). Between 1850 and the 1960’s, the Santa Barbara mine ceased production and mercury mining began in two other regions: in Monte Amiata, Italy, and throughout California in the United States. The latter coincided with the Gold Rush. Since 1960, other mines have opened in the Soviet block countries, China, Kazakhstan, Algeria, Mexico, and the US state of Nevada. Despite the opening of new mines in recent decades, a report from the EU predicts that recycling of mercury from products and by-products could help meet the mercury demand and further reduce direct mining of mercury.

The historical use of mercury has set the stage for many of the modern products and processes that utilize mercury. It is estimated that, over the last 4000 years, historical and continued use of mercury have released 350,000 tonnes of mercury from the depths of the earth into air, surface land, and water, where it’s toxicity becomes problematic for human health and Earth’s sensitive biosphere.

Humans have been using mercury for various uses for much of history. These uses prompt mining and other ways of making mercury available. Given its long persistence and dangers to health and the environment, it is essential we figure out how to reduce mercury uses and anthropogenic releases. Because mercury is a trans-boundary traveller, coordination and negotiation at the international level are essential.


This Is Mercury

Mercury Marine® has been making world-class outboards and sterndrives for more than 75 years. We started back in 1939 in a small machine shop in Wisconsin, and we've grown into the largest builder of marine propulsion systems in the world. Number one on the water. And we didn't get there by sitting still.


Harley Street clinic, Marylebone, central London, England, United Kingdom

In October 1986, the British press reported that Mercury had his blood tested for HIV/AIDS at a Harley Street clinic. A reporter for The Sun, Hugh Whittow, questioned Mercury about the story at Heathrow Airport as he was returning from Japan. Mercury denied he had the disease. According to his partner Jim Hutton, Mercury was diagnosed with AIDS in late April 1987. Around that time, Mercury claimed in an interview to have tested negative for HIV.


Chart: Timeline of Mercury Marine on its 75th anniversary

Elmer Carl Kiekhaefer purchases the bankrupt Cedarburg (Wis.) Manufacturing Co., intending to build magnetic separators for dairy farms. He redesigns and repairs 300 outboards abandoned by previous owners, sells the motors and finds himself in the outboard motor business. The next year, the Mercury brand is introduced with five engine models.

The 10-horsepower Mercury Lightning is introduced at the New York Boat Show. Touting "Full-Jeweled Power," the motor boasts the most horsepower per pound ever.

The world's first four-in-line two-cycle outboard, the Mercury Thunderbolt, is introduced.

The first six-cylinder outboard engine, the Mercury Mark 75, is introduced. At 60 horsepower, it is the most powerful outboard available.

Kiekhaefer launches "Operation Atlas," a nonstop, "around the world" endurance run on its secret testing lake in Florida using two boats powered by Mark 75 outboards. After 34 days, 11 hours, 47 minutes and 5.4 seconds, the first boat completes 25,003 miles, followed minutes later by the second boat.

"The Tower of Power," the Mercury 1000, is the world's first 100-horsepower production outboard. It is also the first Mercury outboard painted "Phantom Black," which becomes Mercury's signature branding.

Mercury snow vehicles are sold to the public for the first time.

Brooks Abernathy, who became president of Kiekhaefer Mercury after Kiekhaefer's resignation in 1969, announces the division's name change to Mercury Marine.

The 1750 "Black Max" is introduced as the first V-6 outboard, the highest horsepower production motor available.

Electronic Fuel Injection outboards debut with the Mercury Laser XRI and the Mariner Magnum EFI.

Mercury brings the first Direct Fuel Injected (DFI) two-stroke low-emissions outboard to market.

Mercury introduces the Verado family of four-stroke outboards and the first supercharged in-line six-cylinder production outboard.

The Mercury 150 Four-Stroke is launched at the Genoa, Italy, boat show as the smallest and lightest 150-horsepower four-stroke engine.

Mercury Marine celebrates its 75th anniversary.

Outdoors columnist and editor Dennis Anderson joined the Star Tribune in 1993 after serving in the same positions at the St. Paul Pioneer Press for 13 years. His column topics vary widely, and include canoeing, fishing, hunting, adventure travel and conservation of the environment.


A star is born, reluctantly

Carl Kiekhaefer had little interest in the sterndrive, fearing it would cut into outboard sales, and he was right — in the long run.

“Let someone else go first, someone else try the rotten stairway,” Kiekhaefer said at the time.

When Volvo-Penta introduced the “Aquamatic” in 1959 — a design conceived by his own engineering team, unbeknown to him — Kiekhaefer green-lighted the MerCruiser Sterndrive, and true to form, exploited the strategic errors of his competitors.

While they positioned against the highest horsepower outboards, Kiekhaefer launched MerCruiser in the 110hp to 140hp range and immediately began work on a second drive that would handle 225hp to 300hp.

While MerCruiser arrived 2.5 years after the competition, by the end of 1961 it had captured the bulk of the sterndrive market with two drives and a wide array of high-horsepower engines.


Mercury (Deity) Timeline - History

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Mercury timeline catalogue

Chronological catalogue of Mercury cars, with models and submodels introduced in corresponding years.

Model Mercury Full-Size 1st generation (Base) introduced in 1946, manufactured up to 1948, the car belonging to full-size luxury / luxury car size-class and F (luxury cars) market segment, available as 2/4-door fastback sedan, notchback coupe, station wagon, convertible.

Sub-model 2-Door Sedan introduced in 1946, offered until 1947, full-size luxury / luxury car with fastback sedan body style

Sub-model Club Convertible introduced in 1946, offered until 1948, full-size luxury / luxury car with convertible body style

Sub-model Sedan-Coupe introduced in 1946, offered until 1948, full-size luxury / luxury car with coupe body style

Sub-model Sportsman Convertible introduced in 1946 , full-size luxury / luxury car with convertible body style

Sub-model Station Wagon introduced in 1946, offered until 1948, full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Town Sedan introduced in 1946, offered until 1948, full-size luxury / luxury car with fastback sedan body style

Model Mercury Full-Size 2nd generation (Base, Monterey) introduced in 1949, manufactured up to 1951, the car belonging to full-size luxury / luxury car size-class and F (luxury cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan, fastback coupe, station wagon, convertible.

Sub-model Convertible introduced in 1949, offered until 1951, full-size luxury / luxury car with convertible body style

Sub-model Coupe introduced in 1949, offered until 1951, full-size luxury / luxury car with fastback coupe body style

Sub-model Sport Sedan introduced in 1949, offered until 1951, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Station Wagon introduced in 1949, offered until 1951, full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Monterey Hardtop introduced in 1950, offered until 1951, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Model Mercury Full-Size 3rd generation (Custom, Monterey) introduced in 1952, manufactured up to 1954, the car belonging to full-size luxury / luxury car size-class and F (luxury cars) market segment, available as 2/4-door sedan, notchback coupe, station wagon, convertible, hardtop coupe.

Sub-model Custom Sedan introduced in 1952, offered until 1954, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Custom Sport Coupe introduced in 1952, offered until 1954, full-size luxury / luxury car with notchback coupe body style

Sub-model Monterey Special Custom Convertible introduced in 1952, offered until 1954, full-size luxury / luxury car with convertible body style

Sub-model Monterey Special Custom Coupe introduced in 1952, offered until 1954, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Monterey Special Custom Sedan introduced in 1952, offered until 1954, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Station Wagon introduced in 1952, offered until 1954, full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Monterey Sun Valley Coupe introduced in 1954 , full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Model Mercury Full-Size 4th generation (Custom, Medalist, Montclair, Monterey) introduced in 1955, manufactured up to 1956, the car belonging to full-size luxury / luxury car size-class and F (luxury cars) market segment, available as 2/4-door sedan, hardtop coupe, station wagon, convertible.

Sub-model Custom Coupe introduced in 1955, offered until 1956, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Custom Sedan introduced in 1955, offered until 1956, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Custom Station Wagon introduced in 1955, offered until 1956, full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Montclair Convertible introduced in 1955, offered until 1956, full-size luxury / luxury car with convertible body style

Sub-model Montclair Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1955, offered until 1956, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Montclair Sedan introduced in 1955, offered until 1956, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Montclair Sun Valley introduced in 1955 , full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Monterey Coupe introduced in 1955, offered until 1956, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Monterey Sedan introduced in 1955, offered until 1956, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Monterey Station Wagon introduced in 1955, offered until 1956, full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Custom Convertible introduced in 1956 , full-size luxury / luxury car with convertible body style

Sub-model Custom Hardtop Sedan introduced in 1956 , full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Medalist Coupe introduced in 1956 , full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Medalist Hardtop Sedan introduced in 1956 , full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Medalist Sedan introduced in 1956 , full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Montclair Phaeton Hardtop Sedan introduced in 1956 , full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Monterey Phaeton Hardtop Sedan introduced in 1956 , full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Monterey Sport Sedan introduced in 1956 , full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Model Mercury Full-Size 5th generation (Montclair, Monterey, Park Lane, Turnpike) introduced in 1957, manufactured up to 1960, the car belonging to full-size luxury / luxury car size-class and F (luxury cars) market segment, available as 2/4-door sedan, hardtop sedan, hardtop coupe, station wagon, convertible.

Sub-model Colony Park Station Wagon introduced in 1957, offered until 1960, full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Commuter Station Wagon introduced in 1957, offered until 1960, full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Montclair Convertible introduced in 1957, offered until 1958, full-size luxury / luxury car with convertible body style

Sub-model Montclair Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1957, offered until 1960, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Montclair Hardtop Sedan introduced in 1957, offered until 1960, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Montclair Sedan introduced in 1957, offered until 1960, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Monterey Convertible introduced in 1957, offered until 1960, full-size luxury / luxury car with convertible body style

Sub-model Monterey Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1957, offered until 1960, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Monterey Hardtop Sedan introduced in 1957, offered until 1960, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Monterey Sedan introduced in 1957, offered until 1960, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Turnpike Cruiser Convertible introduced in 1957 , full-size luxury / luxury car with convertible body style

Sub-model Turnpike Cruiser Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1957, offered until 1958, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Turnpike Cruiser Hardtop Sedan introduced in 1957, offered until 1958, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Voyager Station Wagon introduced in 1957, offered until 1959, full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Park Lane Convertible introduced in 1958, offered until 1960, full-size luxury / luxury car with convertible body style

Sub-model Park Lane Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1958, offered until 1960, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Park Lane Hardtop Sedan introduced in 1958, offered until 1960, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Standard Sedan introduced in 1958 , full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Model Mercury Comet 1st generation introduced in 1960, manufactured up to 1963, the car belonging to mid-size luxury / executive car size-class and E (executive cars) market segment, available as 2/4-door sedan, station wagon, convertible, hardtop coupe.

Sub-model Comet 1st-gen. Sedan introduced in 1960, offered until 1963, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Comet 1st-gen. Station Wagon introduced in 1960, offered until 1963, mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Model Mercury Full-Size 6th generation (Marauder, Meteor, Montclair, Monterey, Park Lane) introduced in 1961, manufactured up to 1964, the car belonging to full-size luxury / luxury car size-class and F (luxury cars) market segment, available as 2/4-door sedan, hardtop sedan, hardtop coupe, station wagon, convertible.

Sub-model Colony Park Station Wagon introduced in 1961, offered until 1964, full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Commuter Station Wagon introduced in 1961, offered until 1962, full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Meteor 600 Sedan introduced in 1961 , full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Meteor 800 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1961 , full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Meteor 800 4-Door Hardtop introduced in 1961 , full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Meteor 800 Sedan introduced in 1961 , full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Monterey 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1961, offered until 1964, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Monterey 4-Door Hardtop introduced in 1961, offered until 1963, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Monterey Convertible introduced in 1961, offered until 1964, full-size luxury / luxury car with convertible body style

Sub-model Monterey Sedan introduced in 1961, offered until 1964, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Model Mercury Meteor 2nd generation introduced in 1962, manufactured up to 1963, the car belonging to mid-size luxury / executive car size-class and E (executive cars) market segment, available as 2/4-door sedan, hardtop coupe, station wagon.

Sub-model Comet 1st-gen. Custom Sedan introduced in 1962, offered until 1963, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Comet 1st-gen. Custom Station Wagon introduced in 1962, offered until 1963, mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Comet 1st-gen. S-22 Sport Sedan introduced in 1962, offered until 1963, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Comet 1st-gen. Villager Station Wagon introduced in 1962, offered until 1963, mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Meteor 2nd-gen. Custom Sedan introduced in 1962, offered until 1963, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Meteor 2nd-gen. S-33 Sport Coupe introduced in 1962 , mid-size luxury / executive car with notchback coupe body style

Sub-model Meteor 2nd-gen. Sedan introduced in 1962, offered until 1963, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Monterey Custom 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1962, offered until 1963, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Monterey Custom 4-Door Hardtop introduced in 1962, offered until 1963, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Monterey Custom Sedan introduced in 1962, offered until 1963, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Monterey S-55 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1962, offered until 1963, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Monterey S-55 Convertible introduced in 1962, offered until 1963, full-size luxury / luxury car with convertible body style

Sub-model Comet 1st-gen. Custom Convertible introduced in 1963 , mid-size luxury / executive car with convertible body style

Sub-model Comet 1st-gen. Custom Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1963 , mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Comet 1st-gen. S-22 Convertible introduced in 1963 , mid-size luxury / executive car with convertible body style

Sub-model Comet 1st-gen. S-22 Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1963 , mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Marauder S-55 Fastback Coupe introduced in 1963 , full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop fastback coupe body style

Sub-model Meteor 2nd-gen. Country Cruiser Station Wagon introduced in 1963 , mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Meteor 2nd-gen. Custom Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1963 , mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Meteor 2nd-gen. Custom Station Wagon introduced in 1963 , mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Meteor 2nd-gen. S-33 Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1963 , mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Meteor 2nd-gen. Station Wagon introduced in 1963 , mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Monterey Custom Marauder Fastback Coupe introduced in 1963 , full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop fastback coupe body style

Sub-model Monterey Marauder Fastback Coupe introduced in 1963, offered until 1964, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop fastback coupe body style

Sub-model Monterey S-55 Sedan introduced in 1963 , full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Model Mercury Comet 2nd generation introduced in 1964, manufactured up to 1965, the car belonging to mid-size luxury / executive car size-class and E (executive cars) market segment, available as 2/4-door sedan, station wagon, convertible, hardtop coupe.

Sub-model Comet 2nd-gen. 202 Sedan introduced in 1964, offered until 1965, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Comet 2nd-gen. 202 Station Wagon introduced in 1964, offered until 1965, mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Comet 2nd-gen. 404 Sedan introduced in 1964, offered until 1965, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Comet 2nd-gen. 404 Station Wagon introduced in 1964, offered until 1965, mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Comet 2nd-gen. Caliente Convertible introduced in 1964, offered until 1965, mid-size luxury / executive car with convertible body style

Sub-model Comet 2nd-gen. Caliente Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1964, offered until 1965, mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Comet 2nd-gen. Caliente Sedan introduced in 1964, offered until 1965, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Comet 2nd-gen. Cyclone Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1964, offered until 1965, mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Comet 2nd-gen. Villager Station Wagon introduced in 1964, offered until 1965, mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Commuter Station Wagon introduced in 1964 , full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Montclair 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1964 , full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Montclair Marauder Fastback Coupe introduced in 1964 , full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop fastback coupe body style

Sub-model Montclair Marauder 4-Door Hardtop introduced in 1964 , full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Montclair Sedan introduced in 1964 , full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Monterey Marauder 4-Door Hardtop introduced in 1964 , full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Park Lane 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1964 , full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Park Lane 4-Door Hardtop introduced in 1964 , full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Park Lane Convertible introduced in 1964 , full-size luxury / luxury car with convertible body style

Sub-model Park Lane Marauder Fastback Coupe introduced in 1964 , full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop fastback coupe body style

Sub-model Park Lane Marauder 4-Door Hardtop introduced in 1964 , full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Park Lane Sedan introduced in 1964 , full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Model Mercury Full-Size 7th generation (Brougham, Marquis, Montclair, Monterey, Park Lane, S-55) introduced in 1965, manufactured up to 1968, the car belonging to full-size luxury / luxury car size-class and F (luxury cars) market segment, available as 2/4-door sedan, hardtop sedan, hardtop coupe, fastback coupe, station wagon, convertible.

Sub-model Colony Park Station Wagon introduced in 1965, offered until 1968, full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Commuter Station Wagon introduced in 1965, offered until 1968, full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Montclair 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1965, offered until 1968, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Montclair 4-Door Hardtop introduced in 1965, offered until 1968, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Montclair Sedan Breezeway introduced in 1965 , full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Monterey 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1965, offered until 1968, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Monterey 4-Door Hardtop introduced in 1965, offered until 1968, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Monterey Convertible introduced in 1965, offered until 1968, full-size luxury / luxury car with convertible body style

Sub-model Monterey Sedan introduced in 1965, offered until 1968, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Monterey Sedan Breezeway introduced in 1965, offered until 1967, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Park Lane 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1965, offered until 1968, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Park Lane 4-Door Hardtop introduced in 1965, offered until 1968, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Park Lane Convertible introduced in 1965, offered until 1968, full-size luxury / luxury car with convertible body style

Sub-model Park Lane Sedan Breezeway introduced in 1965, offered until 1968, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Model Mercury Comet 3rd generation introduced in 1966, manufactured up to 1967, the car belonging to mid-size luxury / executive car size-class and E (executive cars) market segment, available as 2/4-door sedan, station wagon, convertible, hardtop coupe.

Sub-model Comet 3rd-gen. 202 Sedan introduced in 1966, offered until 1967, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Comet 3rd-gen. Caliente Convertible introduced in 1966, offered until 1967, mid-size luxury / executive car with convertible body style

Sub-model Comet 3rd-gen. Caliente Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1966, offered until 1967, mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Comet 3rd-gen. Caliente Sedan introduced in 1966, offered until 1967, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Comet 3rd-gen. Capri Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1966, offered until 1967, mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Comet 3rd-gen. Capri Sedan introduced in 1966, offered until 1967, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Comet 3rd-gen. Cyclone Convertible introduced in 1966, offered until 1967, mid-size luxury / executive car with convertible body style

Sub-model Comet 3rd-gen. Cyclone GT Convertible introduced in 1966, offered until 1967, mid-size luxury / executive car with convertible body style

Sub-model Comet 3rd-gen. Cyclone GT Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1966, offered until 1967, mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Comet 3rd-gen. Cyclone Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1966, offered until 1967, mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Comet 3rd-gen. Villager Station Wagon introduced in 1966, offered until 1967, mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Comet 3rd-gen. Voyager Station Wagon introduced in 1966, offered until 1967, mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Montclair Sedan introduced in 1966, offered until 1968, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model S-55 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1966, offered until 1967, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model S-55 Convertible introduced in 1966, offered until 1967, full-size luxury / luxury car with convertible body style

Model Mercury Cougar 1st generation introduced in 1967, manufactured up to 1970, the car belonging to grand tourer size-class and S (sport cars) market segment, available as hardtop coupe, convertible.

Sub-model Brougham 4-Door Hardtop introduced in 1967, offered until 1968, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Brougham Sedan Breezeway introduced in 1967, offered until 1968, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Cougar 1st-gen. Base Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1967, offered until 1970, grand tourer with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Cougar 1st-gen. GT Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1967, offered until 1968, grand tourer with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Cougar 1st-gen. XR-7 Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1967, offered until 1970, grand tourer with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Marquis 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1967, offered until 1968, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Montclair Sedan Breezeway introduced in 1967 , full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Model Mercury Comet 4th generation introduced in 1968, manufactured up to 1969, the car belonging to mid-size luxury / executive car size-class and E (executive cars) market segment, available as hardtop coupe.

Model Mercury Cyclone 3rd generation introduced in 1968, manufactured up to 1969, the car belonging to sports car size-class and S (sport cars) market segment, available as fastback coupe, hardtop coupe.

Model Mercury Montego 1st generation introduced in 1968, manufactured up to 1969, the car belonging to mid-size luxury / executive car size-class and E (executive cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan, station wagon, convertible, hardtop coupe.

Sub-model Comet 4th-gen. Sports Coupe introduced in 1968, offered until 1969, mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Cyclone 3rd-gen. Fastback Coupe introduced in 1968, offered until 1969, sports car with fastback coupe body style

Sub-model Cyclone 3rd-gen. Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1968 , sports car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Montego 1st-gen. 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1968, offered until 1969, mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Montego 1st-gen. 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1968, offered until 1969, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Montego 1st-gen. MX 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1968, offered until 1969, mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Montego 1st-gen. MX 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1968, offered until 1969, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Montego 1st-gen. MX Convertible introduced in 1968, offered until 1969, mid-size luxury / executive car with convertible body style

Sub-model Montego 1st-gen. MX Station Wagon introduced in 1968, offered until 1969, mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Model Mercury Full-Size 8th generation (Marauder, Marquis, Montclair, Monterey) introduced in 1969, manufactured up to 1974, the car belonging to full-size luxury / luxury car size-class and F (luxury cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan, hardtop sedan, hardtop coupe, station wagon, convertible.

Sub-model Colony Park Station Wagon introduced in 1969, offered until 1974, full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Cougar 1st-gen. 351 Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1969 , grand tourer with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Cougar 1st-gen. Base Convertible introduced in 1969, offered until 1970, grand tourer with convertible body style

Sub-model Cougar 1st-gen. Eliminator Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1969, offered until 1970, grand tourer with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Cougar 1st-gen. XR-7 Convertible introduced in 1969, offered until 1970, grand tourer with convertible body style

Sub-model Cyclone 3rd-gen. CJ Fastback Coupe introduced in 1969 , sports car with fastback coupe body style

Sub-model Marauder Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1969, offered until 1970, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Marauder X-100 Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1969, offered until 1970, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Marquis Brougham Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1969, offered until 1974, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Marquis Brougham Hardtop Sedan introduced in 1969, offered until 1974, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Marquis Brougham Sedan introduced in 1969, offered until 1974, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Marquis Convertible introduced in 1969, offered until 1970, full-size luxury / luxury car with convertible body style

Sub-model Marquis Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1969, offered until 1974, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Marquis Hardtop Sedan introduced in 1969, offered until 1974, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Marquis Sedan introduced in 1969, offered until 1974, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Monterey Convertible introduced in 1969, offered until 1970, full-size luxury / luxury car with convertible body style

Sub-model Monterey Custom Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1969, offered until 1974, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Monterey Custom Hardtop Sedan introduced in 1969, offered until 1972, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Monterey Custom Sedan introduced in 1969, offered until 1974, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Monterey Custom Station Wagon introduced in 1969 , full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Monterey Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1969, offered until 1974, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Monterey Hardtop Sedan introduced in 1969, offered until 1972, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Monterey Sedan introduced in 1969, offered until 1974, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Monterey Station Wagon introduced in 1969, offered until 1974, full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Model Mercury Capri 1st generation (import Europe) introduced in 1970, manufactured up to 1974, the car belonging to sports car size-class and S (sport cars) market segment, available as fastback coupe.

Model Mercury Cyclone 4th generation introduced in 1970, manufactured up to 1971, the car belonging to sports car size-class and S (sport cars) market segment, available as hardtop coupe.

Model Mercury Montego 2nd generation introduced in 1970, manufactured up to 1971, the car belonging to mid-size luxury / executive car size-class and E (executive cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan, station wagon, hardtop coupe, hardtop sedan.

Sub-model Capri 1st-gen. Coupe (import) introduced in 1970, offered until 1974, sports car with fastback coupe body style

Sub-model Cyclone 4th-gen. GT Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1970, offered until 1971, sports car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Cyclone 4th-gen. Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1970, offered until 1971, sports car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Cyclone 4th-gen. Spoiler Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1970, offered until 1971, sports car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Marquis Station Wagon introduced in 1970, offered until 1974, full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Montego 2nd-gen. 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1970, offered until 1971, mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Montego 2nd-gen. 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1970, offered until 1971, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Montego 2nd-gen. MX 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1970, offered until 1971, mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Montego 2nd-gen. MX 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1970, offered until 1971, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Montego 2nd-gen. MX Brougham 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1970, offered until 1971, mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Montego 2nd-gen. MX Brougham 4-Door Hardtop introduced in 1970, offered until 1971, mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop sedan body style

Sub-model Montego 2nd-gen. MX Brougham 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1970, offered until 1971, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Montego 2nd-gen. MX Villager Station Wagon introduced in 1970, offered until 1971, mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Montego 2nd-gen. MX Station Wagon introduced in 1970, offered until 1971, mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Model Mercury Comet 5th generation introduced in 1971, manufactured up to 1977, the car belonging to entry-level luxury / compact executive car size-class and D (large cars) market segment, available as fastback coupe, 4-door sedan.

Model Mercury Cougar 2nd generation introduced in 1971, manufactured up to 1973, the car belonging to grand tourer size-class and S (sport cars) market segment, available as hardtop coupe, convertible.

Sub-model Comet 5th-gen. 2-Door Sedan introduced in 1971, offered until 1977, entry-level luxury / compact executive car with fastback sedan body style

Sub-model Comet 5th-gen. 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1971, offered until 1977, entry-level luxury / compact executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Comet 5th-gen. GT introduced in 1971, offered until 1975, entry-level luxury / compact executive car with fastback coupe body style

Sub-model Cougar 2nd-gen. Base Convertible introduced in 1971, offered until 1973, grand tourer with convertible body style

Sub-model Cougar 2nd-gen. Base Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1971, offered until 1973, grand tourer with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Cougar 2nd-gen. GT Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1971, offered until 1973, grand tourer with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Cougar 2nd-gen. XR-7 Convertible introduced in 1971, offered until 1973, grand tourer with convertible body style

Sub-model Cougar 2nd-gen. XR-7 Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1971, offered until 1973, grand tourer with hardtop coupe body style

Model Mercury Montego 3rd generation introduced in 1972, manufactured up to 1976, the car belonging to mid-size luxury / executive car size-class and E (executive cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan, station wagon, hardtop coupe, fastback hardtop coupe.

Sub-model Montego 3rd-gen. 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1972, offered until 1976, mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Montego 3rd-gen. 4-Door Pillared Hardtop introduced in 1972, offered until 1976, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Montego 3rd-gen. GT 2-Door Fastback introduced in 1972, offered until 1973, mid-size luxury / executive car with fastback hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Montego 3rd-gen. MX 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1972, offered until 1976, mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Montego 3rd-gen. MX 4-Door Pillared Hardtop introduced in 1972, offered until 1976, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Montego 3rd-gen. MX Brougham 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1972, offered until 1976, mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Montego 3rd-gen. MX Brougham 4-Door Pillared Hardtop introduced in 1972, offered until 1976, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Montego 3rd-gen. MX Villager Station Wagon introduced in 1972, offered until 1976, mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Montego 3rd-gen. MX Station Wagon introduced in 1972, offered until 1976, mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Model Mercury Cougar 3rd generation introduced in 1974, manufactured up to 1976, the car belonging to grand tourer size-class and S (sport cars) market segment, available as hardtop coupe.

Sub-model Cougar 3rd-gen. XR-7 Hardtop Coupe introduced in 1974, offered until 1976, grand tourer with hardtop coupe body style

Model Mercury Bobcat introduced in 1975, manufactured up to 1980, the car belonging to compact / small family car size-class and C (medium cars, compact) market segment, available as 3-door hatchback, station wagon. A major change ("face lift") during a model run occurred in 1978 (m.y.1979).

Model Mercury Capri 2nd generation (import Europe) introduced in 1975, manufactured up to 1978, the car belonging to sports car size-class and S (sport cars) market segment, available as hatchback coupe.

Model Mercury Marquis 3rd generation introduced in 1975, manufactured up to 1978, the car belonging to full-size luxury / luxury car size-class and F (luxury cars) market segment, available as hardtop sedan, hardtop coupe, station wagon.

Model Mercury Monarch 1st generation introduced in 1975, manufactured up to 1980, the car belonging to mid-size / large family car size-class and E (executive cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan, notchback coupe.

Sub-model Bobcat Runabout introduced in 1975, offered until 1980, compact / small family car with hatchback body style

Sub-model Bobcat Villager Wagon introduced in 1975, offered until 1980, compact / small family car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Capri 2nd-gen. Coupe (import) introduced in 1975, offered until 1978, sports car with hatchback coupe body style

Sub-model Grand Marquis 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1975, offered until 1978, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Grand Marquis 4-Door Pillared Hardtop introduced in 1975, offered until 1978, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Marquis Base 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1975, offered until 1978, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Marquis Base 4-Door Pillared Hardtop introduced in 1975, offered until 1978, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Marquis Base Station Wagon introduced in 1975, offered until 1978, full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Marquis Brougham 2-Door Hardtop introduced in 1975, offered until 1978, full-size luxury / luxury car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Marquis Brougham 4-Door Pillared Hardtop introduced in 1975, offered until 1978, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Marquis Colony Park Station Wagon introduced in 1975, offered until 1978, full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Monarch 2-Door Sedan introduced in 1975, offered until 1980, mid-size / large family car with notchback coupe body style

Sub-model Monarch 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1975, offered until 1980, mid-size / large family car with sedan body style

Sub-model Monarch Ghia 2-Door Sedan introduced in 1975, offered until 1980, mid-size / large family car with notchback coupe body style

Sub-model Monarch Ghia 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1975, offered until 1980, mid-size / large family car with sedan body style

Sub-model Comet 5th-gen. Sports Accent introduced in 1976, offered until 1977, entry-level luxury / compact executive car with fastback coupe body style

Sub-model Grand Monarch Ghia 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1976 , mid-size / large family car with sedan body style

Model Mercury Cougar 4th generation introduced in 1977, manufactured up to 1979, the car belonging to mid-size luxury / executive car size-class and E (executive cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan, station wagon, hardtop coupe, fastback hardtop coupe.

Sub-model Bobcat S introduced in 1977 , compact / small family car with hatchback body style

Sub-model Bobcat Wagon introduced in 1977, offered until 1980, compact / small family car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Comet 5th-gen. Custom 2-Door Sedan introduced in 1977 , entry-level luxury / compact executive car with fastback sedan body style

Sub-model Comet 5th-gen. Custom 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1977 , entry-level luxury / compact executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Cougar 4th-gen. Base 2-Door introduced in 1977, offered until 1979, mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Cougar 4th-gen. Base 4-Door introduced in 1977, offered until 1979, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Cougar 4th-gen. Base Station Wagon introduced in 1977 , mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Cougar 4th-gen. Brougham 2-Door introduced in 1977, offered until 1979, mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Cougar 4th-gen. Brougham 4-Door introduced in 1977, offered until 1979, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Cougar 4th-gen. Villager Station Wagon introduced in 1977 , mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Cougar 4th-gen. XR-7 introduced in 1977, offered until 1979, mid-size luxury / executive car with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Monarch S introduced in 1977 , mid-size / large family car with notchback coupe body style

Model Mercury Zephyr introduced in 1978, manufactured up to 1983, the car belonging to mid-size luxury / executive car size-class and E (executive cars) market segment, available as 2/4-door sedan, notchback coupe, station wagon.

Sub-model Monarch ESS 2-Door Sedan introduced in 1978, offered until 1980, mid-size / large family car with notchback coupe body style

Sub-model Monarch ESS 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1978, offered until 1980, mid-size / large family car with sedan body style

Sub-model Zephyr 2-Door Sedan introduced in 1978, offered until 1981, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Zephyr 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1978, offered until 1983, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Zephyr ES Type 2-Door Sedan introduced in 1978, offered until 1979, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Zephyr ES Type 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1978, offered until 1979, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Zephyr Station Wagon introduced in 1978, offered until 1981, mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Zephyr Villager Station Wagon introduced in 1978, offered until 1981, mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Zephyr Z-7 Coupe introduced in 1978, offered until 1983, mid-size luxury / executive car with notchback coupe body style

Model Mercury Capri 3rd generation introduced in 1979, manufactured up to 1986, the car belonging to sports car size-class and S (sport cars) market segment, available as hatchback coupe.

Model Mercury Marquis 4th generation introduced in 1979, manufactured up to 1982, the car belonging to full-size luxury / luxury car size-class and F (luxury cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan, notchback coupe, station wagon.

Sub-model Bobcat Sport introduced in 1979, offered until 1980, compact / small family car with hatchback body style

Sub-model Capri 3rd-gen. Base Coupe introduced in 1979, offered until 1983, sports car with hatchback coupe body style

Sub-model Capri 3rd-gen. Ghia Coupe introduced in 1979, offered until 1980, sports car with hatchback coupe body style

Sub-model Capri 3rd-gen. RS Coupe introduced in 1979, offered until 1986, sports car with hatchback coupe body style

Sub-model Grand Marquis 2-Door Sedan introduced in 1979, offered until 1982, full-size luxury / luxury car with notchback coupe body style

Sub-model Grand Marquis 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1979, offered until 1982, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Marquis Base 2-Door Sedan introduced in 1979, offered until 1980, full-size luxury / luxury car with notchback coupe body style

Sub-model Marquis Base 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1979, offered until 1982, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Marquis Base Station Wagon introduced in 1979, offered until 1982, full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Marquis Brougham 2-Door Sedan introduced in 1979, offered until 1982, full-size luxury / luxury car with notchback coupe body style

Sub-model Marquis Brougham 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1979, offered until 1982, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Marquis Colony Park Station Wagon introduced in 1979, offered until 1982, full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Model Mercury Cougar 5th generation (XR-7) introduced in 1980, manufactured up to 1982, the car belonging to grand tourer size-class and S (sport cars) market segment, available as hardtop coupe.

Sub-model Cougar 5th-gen. XR-7 Base introduced in 1980, offered until 1981, grand tourer with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Cougar 5th-gen. XR-7 Luxury introduced in 1980 , grand tourer with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Cougar 5th-gen. XR-7 Sports introduced in 1980 , grand tourer with hardtop coupe body style

Model Mercury Cougar 6th generation introduced in 1981, manufactured up to 1982, the car belonging to mid-size luxury / executive car size-class and E (executive cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan, notchback coupe.

Model Mercury Lynx introduced in 1981, manufactured up to 1987, the car belonging to compact / small family car size-class and C (medium cars, compact) market segment, available as 3/5-door hatchback, station wagon.

Sub-model Capri 3rd-gen. Black Magic introduced in 1981, offered until 1983, sports car with hatchback coupe body style

Sub-model Capri 3rd-gen. GS Coupe introduced in 1981, offered until 1986, sports car with hatchback coupe body style

Sub-model Cougar 5th-gen. XR-7 GS introduced in 1981, offered until 1982, grand tourer with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Cougar 6th-gen. Base 2-Door introduced in 1981 , mid-size luxury / executive car with notchback coupe body style

Sub-model Cougar 6th-gen. Base 4-Door introduced in 1981 , mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Cougar 6th-gen. GS 2-Door introduced in 1981, offered until 1982, mid-size luxury / executive car with notchback coupe body style

Sub-model Cougar 6th-gen. GS 4-Door introduced in 1981, offered until 1982, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Cougar 6th-gen. LS 4-Door introduced in 1981, offered until 1982, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Lynx series I Base Hatchback introduced in 1981, offered until 1982, compact / small family car with hatchback body style

Sub-model Lynx series I Base Wagon introduced in 1981 , compact / small family car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Lynx series I GL Hatchback introduced in 1981, offered until 1982, compact / small family car with hatchback body style

Sub-model Lynx series I GL Wagon introduced in 1981, offered until 1982, compact / small family car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Lynx series I GS Hatchback introduced in 1981, offered until 1985, compact / small family car with hatchback body style

Sub-model Lynx series I GS Wagon introduced in 1981, offered until 1985, compact / small family car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Lynx series I L Hatchback introduced in 1981, offered until 1985, compact / small family car with hatchback body style

Sub-model Lynx series I L Wagon introduced in 1981, offered until 1985, compact / small family car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Lynx series I LS Hatchback introduced in 1981, offered until 1983, compact / small family car with hatchback body style

Sub-model Lynx series I RS Hatchback introduced in 1981, offered until 1984, compact / small family car with hatchback body style

Sub-model Lynx series I RS Wagon introduced in 1981 , compact / small family car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Zephyr GS 2-Door Sedan introduced in 1981 , mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Zephyr GS 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1981, offered until 1983, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Model Mercury LN-7 introduced in 1982, manufactured up to 1983, the car belonging to sports car size-class and S (sport cars) market segment, available as hatchback coupe.

Sub-model Cougar 5th-gen. XR-7 LS introduced in 1982 , grand tourer with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Cougar 6th-gen. GS Station Wagon introduced in 1982 , mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Cougar 6th-gen. LS 2-Door introduced in 1982 , mid-size luxury / executive car with notchback coupe body style

Sub-model Cougar 6th-gen. Villager Station Wagon introduced in 1982 , mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Sub-model LN-7 Coupe introduced in 1982, offered until 1983, sports car with hatchback coupe body style

Sub-model Lynx series I LS Wagon introduced in 1982, offered until 1983, compact / small family car with station wagon body style

Model Mercury Cougar 7th generation introduced in 1983, manufactured up to 1988, the car belonging to grand tourer size-class and S (sport cars) market segment, available as hardtop coupe.

Model Mercury Grand Marquis 1st generation introduced in 1983, manufactured up to 1991, the car belonging to full-size luxury / luxury car size-class and F (luxury cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan, notchback coupe, station wagon.

Model Mercury Marquis 5th generation (Fox Platform) introduced in 1983, manufactured up to 1986, the car belonging to mid-size luxury / executive car size-class and E (executive cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan, station wagon.

Sub-model Capri 3rd-gen. Crimson Cat introduced in 1983 , sports car with hatchback coupe body style

Sub-model Cougar 7th-gen. Base Coupe introduced in 1983, offered until 1986, grand tourer with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Cougar 7th-gen. LS Coupe introduced in 1983, offered until 1988, grand tourer with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Grand Marquis 1st-gen. 2-Door Sedan introduced in 1983, offered until 1987, full-size luxury / luxury car with notchback coupe body style

Sub-model Grand Marquis 1st-gen. 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1983, offered until 1990, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Grand Marquis 1st-gen. Colony Park introduced in 1983, offered until 1990, full-size luxury / luxury car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Lynx series I LTS Hatchback introduced in 1983, offered until 1984, compact / small family car with hatchback body style

Sub-model Marquis Base 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1983, offered until 1985, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Marquis Base Wagon introduced in 1983, offered until 1985, mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Marquis Brougham 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1983, offered until 1985, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Model Mercury Topaz 1st generation introduced in 1984, manufactured up to 1987, the car belonging to entry-level luxury / compact executive car size-class and D (large cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan, notchback coupe.

Sub-model Cougar 7th-gen. XR-7 Coupe introduced in 1984, offered until 1988, grand tourer with hardtop coupe body style

Sub-model Topaz 1st-gen. GS 2-Door introduced in 1984, offered until 1987, entry-level luxury / compact executive car with notchback coupe body style

Sub-model Topaz 1st-gen. GS 4-Door introduced in 1984, offered until 1987, entry-level luxury / compact executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Topaz 1st-gen. LS 2-Door introduced in 1984, offered until 1986, entry-level luxury / compact executive car with notchback coupe body style

Sub-model Topaz 1st-gen. LS 4-Door introduced in 1984, offered until 1987, entry-level luxury / compact executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Lynx series II Base Hatchback introduced in 1985, offered until 1986, compact / small family car with hatchback body style

Sub-model Lynx series II GS Hatchback introduced in 1985, offered until 1987, compact / small family car with hatchback body style

Sub-model Lynx series II GS Wagon introduced in 1985, offered until 1987, compact / small family car with station wagon body style

Sub-model Lynx series II L Hatchback introduced in 1985, offered until 1987, compact / small family car with hatchback body style

Sub-model Lynx series II L Wagon introduced in 1985, offered until 1986, compact / small family car with station wagon body style

Model Mercury Sable 1st generation introduced in 1986, manufactured up to 1991, the car belonging to mid-size luxury / executive car size-class and E (executive cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan, station wagon.

Sub-model Lynx series II XR3 Hatchback introduced in 1986, offered until 1987, compact / small family car with hatchback body style

Sub-model Sable 1st-gen. 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1986, offered until 1991, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Sable 1st-gen. Station Wagon introduced in 1986, offered until 1991, mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Model Mercury Tracer 1st generation introduced in 1987, manufactured up to 1989, the car belonging to compact / small family car size-class and C (medium cars, compact) market segment, available as 3/5-door hatchback, station wagon.

Sub-model Topaz 1st-gen. AWD 2-Door introduced in 1987 , entry-level luxury / compact executive car with notchback coupe body style

Sub-model Topaz 1st-gen. AWD 4-Door introduced in 1987 , entry-level luxury / compact executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Tracer 1st-gen. Hatchback introduced in 1987, offered until 1989, compact / small family car with hatchback body style

Model Mercury Topaz 2nd generation introduced in 1988, manufactured up to 1994, the car belonging to entry-level luxury / compact executive car size-class and D (large cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan, notchback coupe. A major change ("face lift") during a model run occurred in 1991 (m.y.1992).

Sub-model Topaz 2nd-gen. 2-Door introduced in 1988, offered until 1994, entry-level luxury / compact executive car with notchback coupe body style

Sub-model Topaz 2nd-gen. 4-Door introduced in 1988, offered until 1994, entry-level luxury / compact executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Topaz 2nd-gen. AWD 4-Door introduced in 1988, offered until 1991, entry-level luxury / compact executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Tracer 1st-gen. Station Wagon introduced in 1988, offered until 1989, compact / small family car with station wagon body style

Model Mercury Cougar 8th generation introduced in 1989, manufactured up to 1997, the car belonging to grand tourer size-class and S (sport cars) market segment, available as notchback coupe. A major change ("face lift") during a model run occurred in 1990 (m.y.1991), 1995 (m.y.1996).

Sub-model Cougar 8th-gen. LS Coupe introduced in 1989, offered until 1992, grand tourer with notchback coupe body style

Sub-model Cougar 8th-gen. XR-7 Coupe introduced in 1989, offered until 1997, grand tourer with notchback coupe body style

Model Mercury Capri 4th generation (import Australia) introduced in 1991, manufactured up to 1994, the car belonging to sports roadster / converible size-class and S (sport cars) market segment, available as convertible. A major change ("face lift") during a model run occurred in 1993 (m.y.1994).

Model Mercury Tracer 2nd generation introduced in 1991, manufactured up to 1996, the car belonging to compact / small family car size-class and C (medium cars, compact) market segment, available as 4-door sedan, station wagon.

Sub-model Capri 4th-gen. Convertible introduced in 1991, offered until 1994, sports roadster / converible with convertible body style

Sub-model Tracer 2nd-gen. Sedan introduced in 1991, offered until 1996, compact / small family car with sedan body style

Sub-model Tracer 2nd-gen. Station Wagon introduced in 1991, offered until 1996, compact / small family car with station wagon body style

Model Mercury Grand Marquis 2nd generation introduced in 1992, manufactured up to 1997, the car belonging to full-size luxury / luxury car size-class and F (luxury cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan. A major change ("face lift") during a model run occurred in 1994 (m.y.1995).

Model Mercury Sable 2nd generation introduced in 1992, manufactured up to 1995, the car belonging to mid-size luxury / executive car size-class and E (executive cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan, station wagon.

Sub-model Grand Marquis 2nd-gen. 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1992, offered until 1997, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Sable 2nd-gen. 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1992, offered until 1995, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Sable 2nd-gen. Station Wagon introduced in 1992, offered until 1995, mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Model Mercury Villager 1st generation introduced in 1993, manufactured up to 1998, the car belonging to minivan / large MPV ( multi purpose vehicle) size-class and M (D/E) (multi purpose cars - segment D or E - large or executive) market segment, available as multi-purpose wagon. A major change ("face lift") during a model run occurred in 1995 (m.y.1996).

Sub-model Villager 1st-gen. MPV introduced in 1993, offered until 1998, minivan / large MPV ( multi purpose vehicle) with multi-purpose wagon body style

Model Mercury Mystique 1st generation introduced in 1995, manufactured up to 1997, the car belonging to entry-level luxury / compact executive car size-class and D (large cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan.

Sub-model Mystique 1st-gen. 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1995, offered until 1997, entry-level luxury / compact executive car with sedan body style

Model Mercury Sable 3rd generation introduced in 1996, manufactured up to 1999, the car belonging to mid-size luxury / executive car size-class and E (executive cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan, station wagon.

Sub-model Sable 3rd-gen. 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1996, offered until 1999, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Sable 3rd-gen. Station Wagon introduced in 1996, offered until 1999, mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Model Mercury Mountaineer 1st generation introduced in 1997, manufactured up to 2001, the car belonging to mid-size off-road / SUV (sport utility vehicle) size-class and J (E) (sport utility cars and off-road vehicles - segment E - executive) market segment, available as sport-utility wagon.

Model Mercury Tracer 3rd generation introduced in 1997, manufactured up to 1999, the car belonging to compact / small family car size-class and C (medium cars, compact) market segment, available as 4-door sedan, station wagon.

Sub-model Mountaineer 1st-gen. 2WD introduced in 1997, offered until 2001, mid-size off-road / SUV (sport utility vehicle) with sport-utility wagon body style

Sub-model Mountaineer 1st-gen. 4WD introduced in 1997, offered until 2001, mid-size off-road / SUV (sport utility vehicle) with sport-utility wagon body style

Sub-model Tracer 3rd-gen. Sedan introduced in 1997, offered until 1999, compact / small family car with sedan body style

Sub-model Tracer 3rd-gen. Station Wagon introduced in 1997, offered until 1999, compact / small family car with station wagon body style

Model Mercury Grand Marquis 3rd generation introduced in 1998, manufactured up to 2002, the car belonging to full-size luxury / luxury car size-class and F (luxury cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan.

Model Mercury Mystique 2nd generation introduced in 1998, manufactured up to 2000, the car belonging to entry-level luxury / compact executive car size-class and D (large cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan.

Sub-model Grand Marquis 3rd-gen. 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1998, offered until 2002, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Mystique 2nd-gen. 4-Door Sedan introduced in 1998, offered until 2000, entry-level luxury / compact executive car with sedan body style

Model Mercury Cougar 9th generation introduced in 1999, manufactured up to 2002, the car belonging to sports car size-class and S (sport cars) market segment, available as hatchback coupe.

Model Mercury Villager 2nd generation introduced in 1999, manufactured up to 2002, the car belonging to minivan / large MPV ( multi purpose vehicle) size-class and M (D/E) (multi purpose cars - segment D or E - large or executive) market segment, available as multi-purpose wagon. A major change ("face lift") during a model run occurred in 2000 (m.y.2001).

Sub-model Cougar 9th-gen. Coupe introduced in 1999, offered until 2002, sports car with hatchback coupe body style

Sub-model Villager 2nd-gen. MPV introduced in 1999, offered until 2002, minivan / large MPV ( multi purpose vehicle) with multi-purpose wagon body style

Model Mercury Sable 4th generation introduced in 2000, manufactured up to 2005, the car belonging to mid-size luxury / executive car size-class and E (executive cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan, station wagon.

Sub-model Sable 4th-gen. 4-Door Sedan introduced in 2000, offered until 2005, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Sable 4th-gen. Station Wagon introduced in 2000, offered until 2005, mid-size luxury / executive car with station wagon body style

Model Mercury Mountaineer 2nd generation introduced in 2002, manufactured up to 2005, the car belonging to mid-size off-road / SUV (sport utility vehicle) size-class and J (E) (sport utility cars and off-road vehicles - segment E - executive) market segment, available as sport-utility wagon.

Sub-model Mountaineer 2nd-gen. 2WD introduced in 2002, offered until 2005, mid-size off-road / SUV (sport utility vehicle) with sport-utility wagon body style

Sub-model Mountaineer 2nd-gen. AWD introduced in 2002, offered until 2005, mid-size off-road / SUV (sport utility vehicle) with sport-utility wagon body style

Model Mercury Grand Marquis 4th generation introduced in 2003, manufactured up to 2011, the car belonging to full-size luxury / luxury car size-class and F (luxury cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan. A major change ("face lift") during a model run occurred in 2005 (m.y.2006).

Model Mercury Marauder introduced in 2003, manufactured up to 2004, the car belonging to full-size luxury / luxury car size-class and F (luxury cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan.

Sub-model Grand Marquis 4th-gen. 4-Door Sedan introduced in 2003, offered until 2011, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Sub-model Marauder 4-Door Sedan introduced in 2003, offered until 2004, full-size luxury / luxury car with sedan body style

Model Mercury Monterey MPV introduced in 2004, manufactured up to 2006, the car belonging to minivan / large MPV ( multi purpose vehicle) size-class and M (D/E) (multi purpose cars - segment D or E - large or executive) market segment, available as multi-purpose wagon.

Sub-model Monterey MPV introduced in 2004, offered until 2006, minivan / large MPV ( multi purpose vehicle) with multi-purpose wagon body style

Model Mercury Mariner 1st generation introduced in 2005, manufactured up to 2007, the car belonging to compact off-road / SUV (sport utility vehicle) size-class and J (C) (sport utility cars and off-road vehicles - segment C - medium, compact) market segment, available as sport-utility wagon.

Model Mercury Montego 4th generation introduced in 2005, manufactured up to 2007, the car belonging to mid-size luxury / executive car size-class and E (executive cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan.

Sub-model Mariner 1st-gen. 2WD SUV introduced in 2005, offered until 2007, compact off-road / SUV (sport utility vehicle) with sport-utility wagon body style

Sub-model Mariner 1st-gen. 4WD SUV introduced in 2005, offered until 2007, compact off-road / SUV (sport utility vehicle) with sport-utility wagon body style

2005 Concept car Meta One Concept with suv crossover wagon body style.

Sub-model Montego 4th-gen. 4-Door Sedan introduced in 2005, offered until 2007, mid-size luxury / executive car with sedan body style

Model Mercury Milan introduced in 2006, manufactured up to 2010, the car belonging to entry-level luxury / compact executive car size-class and D (large cars) market segment, available as 4-door sedan. A major change ("face lift") during a model run occurred in 2009 (m.y. 2010).

Model Mercury Mountaineer 3rd generation introduced in 2006, manufactured up to 2010, the car belonging to mid-size off-road / SUV (sport utility vehicle) size-class and J (E) (sport utility cars and off-road vehicles - segment E - executive) market segment, available as sport-utility wagon.

Sub-model Mariner 1st-gen. Hybrid SUV introduced in 2006, offered until 2007, compact off-road / SUV (sport utility vehicle) with sport-utility wagon body style

Sub-model Milan phase-I 4-Door Sedan introduced in 2006, offered until 2009, entry-level luxury / compact executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Mountaineer 3rd-gen. 2WD introduced in 2006, offered until 2010, mid-size off-road / SUV (sport utility vehicle) with sport-utility wagon body style

Sub-model Mountaineer 3rd-gen. AWD introduced in 2006, offered until 2010, mid-size off-road / SUV (sport utility vehicle) with sport-utility wagon body style

Model Mercury Mariner 2nd generation introduced in 2008, manufactured up to 2010, the car belonging to compact off-road / SUV (sport utility vehicle) size-class and J (C) (sport utility cars and off-road vehicles - segment C - medium, compact) market segment, available as sport-utility wagon.

Sub-model Mariner 2nd-gen. 2WD SUV introduced in 2008, offered until 2010, compact off-road / SUV (sport utility vehicle) with sport-utility wagon body style

Sub-model Mariner 2nd-gen. 4WD SUV introduced in 2008, offered until 2010, compact off-road / SUV (sport utility vehicle) with sport-utility wagon body style

Sub-model Mariner 2nd-gen. Hybrid SUV introduced in 2008, offered until 2010, compact off-road / SUV (sport utility vehicle) with sport-utility wagon body style

Sub-model Milan phase-II 4-Door Sedan introduced in 2010 , entry-level luxury / compact executive car with sedan body style

Sub-model Milan phase-II Hybrid 4-Door Sedan introduced in 2010 , entry-level luxury / compact executive car with sedan body style

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Chronology of U.S. Astronaut Missions (1961 - 1972)

1961
Mercury Redstone 3 - 5 May 1961 - Earth Suborbital
(Shepard)
Mercury Redstone 4 - 21 July 1961 - Earth Suborbital
(Grissom)
1962
Mercury Atlas 6 - 20 February 1962 - Earth Orbiter
(Glenn)
Mercury Atlas 7 - 24 May 1962 - Earth Orbiter
(Carpenter)
Mercury Atlas 8 - 3 October 1962 - Earth Orbiter
(Schirra)
1963
Mercury Atlas 9 - 15 May 1963 - Earth Orbiter
(Cooper)
1964
1965
Gemini 3 - 23 March 1965 - Earth Orbiter
(Grissom, Young)
Gemini 4 - 3 June 1965 - Earth Orbiter
(McDivitt, White)
Gemini 5 - 21 August 1965 - Earth Orbiter
(Cooper, Conrad)
Gemini 7 - 4 December 1965 - Earth Orbiter
(Borman, Lovell)
Gemini 6A - 15 December 1965 - Earth Orbiter
(Schirra, Stafford)
1966
Gemini 8 - 16 March 1966 - Earth Orbiter
(Armstrong, Scott)
Gemini 9A - 3 June 1966 - Earth Orbiter
(Stafford, Cernan)
Gemini 10 - 18 July 1966 - Earth Orbiter
(Young, Collins)
Gemini 11 - 12 September 1966 - Earth Orbiter
(Conrad, Gordon)
Gemini 12 - 11 November 1966 - Earth Orbiter
(Lovell, Aldrin)
1967
1968
Apollo 7 - 11 October 1968 - Earth Orbiter
(Schirra, Eisele, Cunningham)
Apollo 8 - 21 December 1968 - Lunar Orbiter
(Borman, Lovell, Anders)
1969
Apollo 9 - 3 March 1969 - Earth Orbiter
(McDivitt, Scott, Schweikart)
Apollo 10 - 18 May 1969 - Lunar Orbiter
(Stafford, Young, Cernan)
Apollo 11 - 16 July 1969 - Lunar Landing
(Armstrong, Aldrin, Collins)
Apollo 12 - 14 November 1969 - Lunar Landing
(Conrad, Bean, Gordon)
1970
Apollo 13 - 11 April 1970 - Lunar Mission - Landing Aborted
(Lovell, Haise, Swigert)
1971
Apollo 14 - 31 January 1971 - Lunar Landing
(Shepard, Mitchell, Roosa)
Apollo 15 - 26 July 1971 - Lunar Landing
(Scott, Irwin, Worden)
1972
Apollo 16 - 16 April 1972 - Lunar Landing
(Young, Duke, Mattingly)
Apollo 17 - 7 December 1972 - Lunar Landing
(Cernan, Schmitt, Evans)

Other Missions


TIMELINE: The CDC’s corrupt history revealed as it pushes mass hysteria to sell dirty vaccines

How could it be that we can’t trust the CDC? How could a country so strong and efficient have the regulatory agency for disease control and prevention be so insidious that all they care about today is controlling the populace by actually spreading disease? It’s always all about money and control, and we have a comprehensive timeline of the CDC’s nefarious acts of cruelty and greed, and this timeline dates back to the beginning of the founding of the Center for Damaged Credibility, a.k.a. the CDC. From hoax pandemics to dirty vaccines and biological warfare, the Centers for Disease Control in the USA has a mile-long rap sheet of horrendous crimes, including fraud, felonies and murder, dating back to its founding in Atlanta in 1946.

An inside look at the evil CDC, beginning in 1946

The CDC is a for-profit corporation listed on Dun and Bradstreet. They support several corrupt industries dating back to 1946. The CDC is supposed to focus attention on food borne pathogens, environmental health and non-infectious diseases like obesity and diabetes. Coincidentally, there were not many cases of cancer or diabetes to speak of in the United States before the CDC was created. Founded just after WWII in the late 1940s, the CDC was first named the “Communicable Disease Center” and was busy fighting mosquitoes by spraying cancer-causing DDT on six million US homes, all in the name of fighting the malaria ‘pandemic’ of the time. Did the CDC run any safety tests on DDT for the environment, humans, pregnant women, food, anything? Of course they did not or they wouldn’t have used it.

By 1957, the Center for Damaged Credibility dipped their wick in STD control (sexually transmitted diseases), and widened their efforts to understand more about birth defects, E. coli and biological warfare (yes, they knew back then). Instead of engaging in preventative measures using nutrition, supplements and natural immune system aids, the CDC began what we know today as chronic care management, which means treating symptoms but never preventing or defeating disease. That’s how vaccines came into play.

The CDC has known mercury in vaccines is deadly since the beginning

Fatal cases of mercury poisoning were reported as early as 1865. It was proven shortly after that BOTH elemental mercury and methyl-mercury are toxic to the human CNS (central nervous system) and peripheral nervous systems. Just the inhalation of mercury vapors can prove fatal, showing severe damage to normal functioning of human systems, including nerves, digestion and immunity. Here comes the rub.

The CDC and EPA both agree that consuming no more than 0.1 micrograms of mercury for each kilogram of your body weight is safe. That equates to a full grown man, average size and weight, consuming 8 micrograms (mcg) of mercury every day. Yet, thimerosal, which is 50 percent mercury, is used in multi-dose flu vaccines, as a preservative, at 25 mcg mercury.

So what happens when you give that severe overdose to an infant or a pregnant woman? The CDC knows exactly what happens. They helped build centers for it, called “Planned Parenthood” (also known as black population control centers). The CDC also promotes the use of formaldehyde (embalming fluid), MSG and aluminum in vaccines scheduled for developing children. The aluminum helps the mercury cross the blood/brain barrier, making the mercury even MORE deadly than it already is. That’s severely taxing your cleansing organs and central nervous system, and it’s all thanks to the CDC.

1955 – 1970: CDC scandals, lies, cover-ups, and lack of safety research

The insidious CDC still promotes the polio vaccine lie today. Way back in 1955, Dr. Jonas Salk, an American virologist, removed the kidneys of rhesus monkeys and incubated those cells with three different strains of Polio virus. Then he deadened it with chemicals. Then he injected it into mice, rabbits and monkeys. Polio cases were on a massive decline already due to hygiene and plumbing advancements, so the timing was perfect. The CDC and Salk announce it to the world — the cure for Polio.

Everyone celebrate by going out and getting inoculated! They injected it into millions of children, with no proof it even worked at all. And that’s how the modern-day medicine “miracle of vaccines” lie was born. A pandemic cured in just one month. Halleluiah!

Swine flu hoax of 1976, and then AGAIN in 2008

How easily Americans forget, all doped up on mercury, margarine and canola oil, that the Swine Flu hoax first came in 1976 and was catalyzed by MASS HYSTERIA whipped up by CDC junk scientists hungry for physical and mental control of the populace. The CDC and Congress worked in tandem to vaccinate 45 million Sheeple, unnecessarily, with a vaccine for a disease that already fizzled by the time the shots came out of the lab. Oops. “Better safe than sorry,” They always say after huge mistakes. That dirty vaccine resulted in case after case of Guillain-Barre syndrome, which leads to muscle weakness and often paralysis.

The swine flu, much like Covid-19, turned out to be normal seasonal virus, like the flu, hyped like swine, in order to sell millions of people on getting dirty vaccines. Turns out the Swine flu wasn’t even as dangerous as the seasonal flu, so that pandemic was also planned and created by the CDC. The whole thing unraveled before everyone’s eyes, yet everyone forgot, twice. It was a hoax.

Then, in 1999, the CDC wasted $22 million on “chronic fatigue syndrome” and embezzled a cool $13 million doing “hepatitis C research.” The CDC went rogue and began functioning without Congress, appropriating their own funds wherever they chose to. Can you guess what that leads to?

2014: CDC budget approaches $7 billion, employing 15,000 people

Add in about 6,000 contractors and 150 different occupations and you’ve got the behemoth of bureaucratic red-tape get-nothing-done agencies. From computer scientists to statisticians and toxicologists, the CDC spends billions upon billions of dollars to tell Americans to shoot mercury into their veins and wear masks all day and night to prevent disease from spreading.

After all of that, the very next year, 2015, the CDC admits on national television that the flu shot doesn’t even work. This is the same time period when the CDC’s top scientist, Dr. William Thompson, blew the whistle on the fraudulent MMR-II vaccine.

Thompson confessed while protecting his life with his attorney, and told the world that the CDC buried the evidence of the MMR-II vaccine causing noticeably higher rates of autism in Black boys under age three. They knew it for 10 years before Thompson caved to ethics and blew the whistle.

Also 2014: CDC imports Ebola to Atlanta and New York City, on purpose

Like the bungling idiots of the TV comedy “Three Stooges,” the CDC exposed the entire country to deadly Ebola, a disease without a cure that eats you alive from the inside. The CDC told an Ebola nurse, Amber Jay Vinson, to go ahead and fly to Texas because, get this, her fever was below the official mark the CDC just made up of 100.4 degrees.

These were the erroneous guidelines for Ebola, just like Covid now. This was October of 2014. Turns out the nurse DID have Ebola, and she was the nurse for Ebola’s USA “Ground Zero” case of Ebola, the now-deceased Mr. Thomas Eric Duncan.

The CDC flew the nurse of the patient who had just DIED of Ebola, from Ohio to Texas, in order to spread the disease, just like they’re spreading Covid into Texas now using infected illegal immigrants. Airplanes themselves are catapults for starting worldwide pandemics and a great vehicle for the CDC to use as a bio-weapon against the American people. The trend continues.

Here was the CDC’s “preparedness report” (ominous warning) about Ebola traveling to NYC: “New York City (NYC) is a frequent port of entry for travelers from West Africa, a home to communities of West African immigrants who travel back to their home countries, and a home to health care workers who travel to West Africa to treat Ebola patients.”

Still, the CDC told a doctor who was exposed to Ebola-infected patients that he could go drinking beer at the bowling alley, as long as he didn’t come into contact with anyone. How easily we forget the CDC’s blatant lies and propaganda.

February, 2016 – Zika virus is detected in Brazil so the White House submits to Congress $1.9 billion emergency money to “prepare” for Zika’s spread to the USA

Oh yes, they did. The insidious “shrunken baby head” syndrome is coming soon, everyone run! Get vaccinated or your newborn baby’s head will be the size of a tennis ball, forever. As Zika virus spread into 18 of the 26 states in Brazil, scientists behind the scenes discovered that the babies being born with shrunken heads all came from the same district where millions of gallons of chemical pesticide were dumped in/near the drinking water for those inhabitants.

Pregnant women were affected most and the babies came out with that specific deformation, having NOTHING whatsoever to do with Zika virus, except for the mass media’s fake news narrative in the USA. All scare tactics to sell everyone on getting vaccinated, and it worked then, and it’s working right now with Covid-19 and the deadly mRNA vaccine series.

By the way, the CDC received $800 million to research the ‘clinical patterns’ of shrunken-baby-head-syndrome-side-effect of Zika, and they never bothered to discredit the myth. Just pure propaganda and the staging of disease pandemics brought to you by none other than the CDC. Remember Zika Bowl Sunday, the Super Bowl during the Zika Pandemic?


Watch the video: Timeline of Mercury